Bulahdelah, New South Wales
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2011)|
New South Wales
Bulahdelah seen from nearby hills
|Population||1,519 (2011 census)|
|• Density||5.6/km2 (15/sq mi)|
|Area||270.6 km2 (104.5 sq mi)|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|• Summer (DST)||AEDT (UTC+11)|
|LGA(s)||Great Lakes Council|
|Region||Hunter/Mid North Coast|
|State electorate(s)||Myall Lakes|
Bulahdelah // is a town and locality in the Hunter/Mid North Coast region of New South Wales, Australia in the Great Lakes Council local government area. At the 2011 census, the locality had a population of 1,519. The main population centre, where 69% of the area's population lived in 2006, is the town of Bulahdelah.
The town is situated 235 kilometres (146 mi) north of Sydney along the eastern and northern banks of the Myall River, approximately 480 metres (1,575 ft) east of the confluence of the Myall and Crawford rivers. The eastern sector of the township is built on the foot of the Alum Mountain. Leading into the town from the south is the Bulahdelah Bridge which forms part of the Pacific Highway.
The 292 m (958 ft) high mountain on which the south-eastern sector of the township is built was first named by the Aboriginal people of the area, the Worimi. They called their mountain "Boolah Dillah" (meaning: the Great Rock). In 1818 John Oxley, a crown surveyor added the word "Mountain" to its original name. The mountain is widely known by its long-term nickname, "the Alum Mountain", but is officially registered as Bulahdelah Mountain.
After the discovery of alunite on the mountain, the mountain was mined from 1878 to 1927, and was managed by the Department of Mining from 1897 onwards. A refinery "The Alum Works" was created to facilitate the extraction of alum from the mined alunite. Another period of mining was then again from 1934 to 1952. Decreasing profitability meant mining had ceased by 1952 and in 1979 NSW State Forests took over management of the mountain.
Construction of the timber bridge across the Myall River was completed in 1892 and the bridge was formally opened on 28 July 1892. A 2-lane concrete bridge over Myall River was completed in 1969.
In 1970 the Bulahdelah tornado swept through the nearby forests, just north of Bulahdelah in what was Australia's most destructive tornado on record.
On 3 May 2006 funding was approved (project approval was granted on 11 October 2007) for the relocation of the Bulahdelah section of Pacific Highway, to through the mid-slopes of Bulahdelah (the Alum) Mountain. Major construction of this highway deviation, known as the Bulahdelah Bypass, commenced in August 2010. The bypass was completed in July 2013.
Places of interest
The Alum Mountain
Overlooking the town of Bulahdelah, the Alum Mountain provides views of the area from Cabbage Tree Mountain to the coastline. A lookout is accessible via walking trails and car access extends about two thirds of the way up. Abandoned mining equipment from the mining operations up until 1952 is found in parts of the mountain as are blast caves. A disused mining cart trail directly up the mountain (known by the locals as "the trolley track") is part of the heritage mine-site complex.
Cabbage Tree Mountain
An area of State forest, open to tourists for camping and hiking this bushland set of ranges is visible from the town of Bulahdelah and Alum Mountain.
Tops to Myall Heritage Trail
The Tops to Myall Heritage Trail passes through the area surrounding Bulahdelah.
Logging was a traditional industry of Bulahdelah until 1994 when much of the Forestry Commission land was dedicated to National Parks. It still contributed significantly to the economy of Bulahdelah in the early 2000s.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Bulahdelah (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "Suburb Search - Local Council Boundaries - Hunter (HT) - Great Lakes Council". New South Wales Division of Local Government. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- "Bulahdelah (locality)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- "Myall Lakes". New South Wales Electoral Commission. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- "Paterson". Australian Electoral Commission. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
- "Bulahdelah". Land and Property Management Authority - Spatial Information eXchange. New South Wales Land and Property Information. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Bulahdelah (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 October 2011. Map
- "Bulahdelah (town)". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 2 October 2011.
- Henning R., The Letters of Rachel Henning & Rupp H.M.R., The Orchid Man - The Life and Times of H.M.R. Rupp
- "Bulahdelah Mountain". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- "Pacific Highway - Bulahdelah Bypass". Australian Government Department of Infrastructure and Transport. 6 June 2011. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
- "The Social & Economic Importance of the Timber Industry in Northern NSW". Northern Rivers Private Forestry Development Committee. 13 September 2000. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2007.
- "Karuah River and Great Lakes catchments" (map). Office of Environment and Heritage. Government of New South Wales.
- "Bulahdelah". Australian Explorer. Retrieved 2 October 2011.