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For other places with the same name, see Bulanık (disambiguation).
Bulanık is located in Turkey
Coordinates: 39°5′42″N 42°16′0″E / 39.09500°N 42.26667°E / 39.09500; 42.26667Coordinates: 39°5′42″N 42°16′0″E / 39.09500°N 42.26667°E / 39.09500; 42.26667
Country  Turkey
Province Muş
 • Mayor Figen Yaşar (BDP)
 • Kaymakam Fatih Aksoy
 • District 1,688.51 km2 (651.94 sq mi)
Elevation 1,480 m (4,860 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 24,354
 • District 85,114
 • District density 50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Post code 49500
Website www.bulanik.bel.tr

Bulanık, formerly Gop or Kop (Armenian: Կոփ), is a town and district of Muş Province in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey.


In the 19th century Bulanik was the name of the kaza, and its capital, today's Bulanık town, was called Gop, also rendered as Kop. At the end of the 19th century Gop was described as a large village with about 400 houses, all but 50 of them inhabited by Armenians. Although the soil was amongst the most fertile in the region, the inhabitants were almost destitute due to the region's insecurity and the impossibility of them exporting their crops. Two miles south of the village was an Armenian monastery named Surb Daniel which contained the relics of a saint of that name.[3]

The district was formerly called Hark' and was part of Historical Armenia's Turuberan province. The earliest record of Kop is found in the 995 encyclical from Vandir monastery under the name Koghb, which was later distorted.

Bulanık means "blurred" in Turkish which is a cite for Murat River.

After the Battle of Manzikert in 1071, the Turkmen tribes (such as Bayat, Eymür and Bayındır) settled in Bulanık. Today, Kurds are the majority. Before the Armenian genocide, there was an Armenian majority, which was later replaced by Turks (in addition to local Turkmens, Bulanık took a lot of Turkic emigrants such as Meskhetians and Qarapapaq Turks. These Muhacirs' first came with Russo-Turkish War and continued to came during Republic era).

The town's current mayor is Figen Yaşar (BDP). He is under governor (Turkish: Kaymakam) Ferit Görükmez.


Historically, Bulanık was known for producing wheat and salt.[4][5]

Notable people[edit]

  • Rasho Melk'on (Armenian: Ռաշո Մելքոն) (Melk'on Movsissian) - mayor of Kop', legendary figure organized migration Armenians to "Russian" Armenia before entering of Turkish troops in the city. Contemporaries say he had sworn to leave the city at last turn, but unfortunately he was killed at the threshold of his home during the Armenian genocide.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Lynch, H.F.B., "Armenia: Travels and Studies. Volume II: The Turkish Provinces", p344-345, London, 1901.
  4. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 60. 
  5. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 74.