|• Total||4,441 km2 (1,715 sq mi)|
|Elevation||195 m (640 ft)|
|• Density||788/km2 (2,040/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 (5732)|
|Sex ratio||892 ♂/♀|
Bulandshahr is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr District. This city is part of the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). According to Government of India, the district Bulandshahr is one of the Minority Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 75 km and it takes 1 hour 26 mins to reach there.
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This region is close to the capital of the Pandavas - Indraprastha and Hastinapur. After the decline of Hastinapur, Ahar, which is situated in the north-east part of Bulandshahr District, became an important place for the Pandavas.
Later the King Parma made a fort in this part of the region. A Tomar king named Ahibaran laid the foundation of a fort called Baran here and established his capital. It was traditionally called Baran city and only recently came to be called Bulandshahr in official usages. Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as "high city" (Persian: بلند شهر), which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language. There is a present day place called Upper Court (Hindi: ओपरकोट) which is believed to be the Fort of Raja Ahibarna and old Baran was limited to this area.
King Ahivarn or Ahibaran was a Kshatriya and a Suryavanshi. He was the 21st descendant of Samrat (Emperor) Mandhata, the ruler of Ayodhya. According to Mahalakshmi Vrat Katha, it was in the lineage of Emperor Mandhatas that at one stage son of King Vallabh, Agrasen was born and at another stage son of King Parmaal, Ahivarn was born; both of whom further started their own clans: Agrawal (or Agarwal) and Varnwal (or Barnwal).
According to an old treatise on the caste system, 'Jati Bhaskar', Samrat Mandhata had two sons, Gunadhi and Mohan. King Parmaal was the descendant of King Gunadhi while King Vallabh was the descendant of King Mohan.
The Barn kingdom existed for hundreds of years. It was a great center of trade, commerce and arts. It is said[by whom?] the founding king of Bulandshahr Raja Ahibaran accepted the Vanika Dharma for the benefit of his people and for prospering trade and commerce in the region.
The kingdom of Barn came to an end probably during the 12th century. In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his general Qutubuddin Aibak surrounded Fort Barn and, with the help of traitors, was able to kill King Chandrasen Dor and in the process took control of the Barn kingdom.
The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the Lucknow State Museum.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bulandshahr urban agglomeration had a population of 235,310, out of which males were 125,549 and females were 111,761. The literacy rate was 78.37 per cent.
- Jaiprakash Gaur, founder and chairman of Jaiprakash Associates and Jaypee Group companies.
- Anjum Naqvi, Current Carrom Champion
- Shiv Charan Sharma,Was an educationist and entrepreneur in whose memory Shiv Charan inter college at kale aam is located.
- Satish Kumar, Boxer medalist of 2014 Asian Games.
- Vijay Singh Pathik, was among the first revolutionaries from the state who lit the torch of freedom movement in the state.
- Gajendra Pal Singh Raghava, Famous Indian scientist expert in bioinformatics, winner of numerous scientific awards including Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
- Acharya Chatursen Shastri, eminent Hindi writer.
- Bhola Singh, is a member of Lok Sabha, and he represents Bulandshahr.
- Kushal Pal Singh, CEO of DLF Limited, India's largest real estate developer.
- Om Prakash Tyagi, Founder of Arya Vir Dal, famous Arya Samaj Leader and BJP parliamentarian.
- Neera Yadav, ex-officer of the Indian Administrative Service.
- Yogendra Singh Yadav, Param Vir Chakra awardee, was born in Aurangabad, Bulandshahr.
- Dharam Pal Singh, former DIG from Intelligence Bureau,Govt of India currently a renowned advocate in Delhi High Court, was born in village Mudibakapur , near [Lakhavati] and [Aurangabad]in a farmer's family.His father Shri Shobharam (Late) was the first Gram Pradhan of Mudibakapur Village.Dharam Pal Singh is an alumunus of Amar Singh Inter College Lakhavati , NREC College [Khurja]and Agra College Agra
- Bhuvneswar Kumar:Cricketer
- "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
- "New Delhi, Delhi to Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh directions, best route map, conditions and traffic info". www.distancebetweencities.co.in. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- "SHIV CHARAN INTER COLLEGE, BULANDSHAHR". www.schoolsworld.in. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
- "सतीश यादव के पदक जीतने पर सिकंदराबाद में जश्न". www.jagran.com. Retrieved 2015-08-02.