|Founded by||King Ahibaran|
|• Total||64 km2 (25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||195 m (640 ft)|
|• Density||788/km2 (2,040/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||Urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||91 (5732)|
|Sex ratio||892 ♂/♀|
Bulandshahr is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr District. This city is part of the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). According to the Government of India, the district Bulandshahr is one of the Minority Concentrated Districts of India on the basis of the 2011 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 68 km and it takes 1 hour 26 mins to reach there.
A king named Ahibaran is said to have laid the foundation of a fort called Baran here and established his capital named baranshahr. It was called Baran city and the name changed to Bulandshahr in official usages. Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as "high city" (Persian: بلند شهر), which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language during the Mughal era. There is a present-day place called Upper Court (Hindi: ओपरकोट) which is believed to be the Fort of Raja Ahibarna and old Baran was limited to this area. The kingdom of Baran came to an end probably during the 12th century. In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his general Qutubuddin Aibak surrounded Fort Baran and conquered it and the Raja Chandrasen Dodiya was killed and Aibak took control of the Baran kingdom.
The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the State Museum Lucknow.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bulandshahr urban agglomeration had a population of 235,310, out of which males were 125,549 and females were 111,761. Population in the age groups of 0 to 6 years was 30,886. The total number of literates were 160,203, of which 90,761 were males and 69,442 were females. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population was 78.37%.
- Capt. Abbas Ali, freedom fighter.
- Amit Bhadana, Indian youtuber.
- Sonal Chauhan, Bollywood actress in Jannat with Emraan Hashmi, was born in Bulandshahr.
- Banarasi Das, popularly known as Babu Banarasi Das (1912-1985), Indian politician and Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
- Jaiprakash Gaur entrepreneur, founder and chairman of Jaiprakash Associates and Jaypee Group
- Saloni Gaur, comedian.
- Arif Mohammad Khan, writer and former cabinet minister was born in Bulandshahr.
- Bhuvneshwar Kumar, fast bowler in the Indian cricket team.
- Satish Kumar, boxer medalist of 2014 Asian Games.
- Hitesh Kumari, former minister of UP irrigation department, and MLA from Debai assembly constituency.
- Gajendra Pal Singh Raghava, scientist expert in bioinformatics, winner of awards including Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
- Arfa Khanum Sherwani, Indian journalist
- Kushal Pal Singh, CEO of DLF Limited, India's largest real estate developer.
- Neera Yadav, ex-officer of the Indian Administrative Service.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2018.
- "List of Minority Concentration Districts (Category 'A' & 'B')" (PDF). minorityaffairs.gov.in. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
- "New Delhi, Delhi to Bulandshahr, Uttar Pradesh directions, best route map, conditions and traffic info". www.distancebetweencities.co.in. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "सतीश यादव के पदक जीतने पर सिकंदराबाद में जश्न". www.jagran.com. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- Bulandshahr at the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Bulandshahr: Or, Sketches of an Indian District: Social, Historical and Architectural. Frederic Salmon Growse, Benares (1884).