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Poland, Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Historically the buława was an attribute of a hetman, an officer of the highest military rank (after the monarch) in the 15th- to 18th-century Kingdom of Poland and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Hetmans typically added an image of a buława to their coats of arms.
In the Ukrainian language, a булава (bulava) is a mace or club, in both the military and ceremonial senses. The bulava was part of the Ukrainian Cossack kleinody ("jewels") that were awarded by Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky to the Zaporizhian Host.
Coat-of-arms (two crossed buławas) of a Polish hetman
Toy bulavas in a Kiev market
17th-century Russian bulat steel bulava
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