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Buleleng Regency

Coordinates: 8°12′S 114°57′E / 8.200°S 114.950°E / -8.200; 114.950
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Buleleng Regency
Buléléng
Singaraja, the administrative centre, lies in Buleleng district.
Singaraja, the administrative centre, lies in Buleleng district.
Official seal of Buleleng Regency
Motto: 
Singa Ambaraja
Location within Bali
Location within Bali
Country Indonesia
Province Bali
CapitalSingaraja
Government
 • RegentPutu Agus Suradnyana
Area
 • Total527.37 sq mi (1,365.88 km2)
Population
 (mid 2022 estimate)[1]
 • Total791,810
 • Density1,500/sq mi (580/km2)
Time zoneUTC+8 (ICST)
Area code(+62) 362
Websitebulelengkab.go.id
Part of the coast of Buleleng Regency
The Raja of Buleleng martyred with 400 followers, in an 1849 puputan against the Dutch. Le Petit Journal, 1849.
Studio portrait made by Woodbury & Page of the Raja of Buleleng and his secretary C1875.

Buleleng officialy Buleleng Regency (Balinese: ᬓᬩᬸᬧᬢᬾᬦ᭄ᬩᬸᬮᭂᬮᭂᬂ, romanized: Kabupatén Buléléng) is a regency (kabupaten) of Bali Province, Indonesia. It stretches along the north side of the island of Bali from the Bali Strait in the west (separating Bali from East Java) almost to the eastern end of the island. It has an area of 1,365.88 km2 and a population of 624,125 at the 2010 census[2] and 791,910 at the 2020 census;[3] the official estimate as of mid-2022 was 825,141.[1] Its regency seat is in the town of Singaraja.

Buleleng was founded as a kingdom by Gusti Panji Sakti, who ruled c. 1660-c. 1700. He is commemorated as a heroic ancestor figure who expanded the power of Buleleng to Blambangan on East Java.[4] The kingdom was weakened during its successors and fell under the suzerainty of the neighbouring Karangasem kingdom in the second half of the 18th century. It was headed by an autonomous branch of the Karangasem Dynasty in 1806–1849.

The Dutch attacked Buleleng in 1846, 1848, and 1849, and defeated it on the last occasion.[5] Buleleng was incorporated into the Dutch colonial system and lost its autonomy in 1882. In 1929 a descendant of Gusti Panji Sakti, the renowned scholar Gusti Putu Jelantik, was appointed regent by the Dutch. He died in 1944, during the Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies. His son was a well-known novelist, Anak Agung Nyoman Panji Tisna. In 1947, Anak Agung Pandji Tisna surrendered the throne to his younger brother, Anak Agung Ngurah Ketut Djelantik, known as Meester Djelantik, until 1950. In 1949-50 Buleleng, like the rest of Bali, was incorporated into the unitary republic of Indonesia.

Administrative districts[edit]

The regency is divided into nine districts (kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and population totals from the 2010 census[2] and the 2020 census,[3] together with the official estimates as of mid-2022.[1] The table also includes the number of administrative villages in each district (totaling 129 rural desa and 19 urban kelurahan), and its postal codes.

The administrative centres of each district have the same name as the district itself, except for the Buleleng District (of which the centre is Singaraja, which also serves as the administrative capital of the whole regency) and Sawan District (of which the centre is Sangsit).

Kode
Wilayah
Name of
District
(kecamatan)
Area
in
km2
Pop'n
census
2010
Pop'n
census
2020
Pop'n
estimate
mid 2022
No.
of
villages
Post
codes
51.08.01 Gerokgak (a) 356.57 78,825 97,552 101,140 14 81155
51.08.02 Seririt 111.78 69,572 93,412 98,380 21 (b) 81153
51.08.03 Busungbiu 196.62 39,719 52,690 55,360 15 81154
51.08.04 Banjar 172.60 68,960 86,205 89,540 17 81152
51.08.05 Sukasada 172.93 72,050 89,774 93,190 15 (b) 81161
51.08.06 Buleleng 46.94 128,899 150,211 153,930 29 (c) 81111
-81119
51.08.07 Sawan 92.52 58,578 80,174 84,760 14 81171
51.08.08 Kubutambahan 118.24 53,765 68,778 71,760 13 81172
51.08.09 Tejakula 97.68 53,757 73,017 77,080 10 81173
Totals 1,365.88 624,125 791,813 825,141 148

Note: (a) Gerokgak District includes the offshore island of Pulau Menjangan Kecil. (b) includes one kelurahan. (c) comprises 17 kelurahan and 12 desa.


List of districts and villages in Buleleng Regency as follows:

Code Districts Urban villages Rural villages Status List
51.08.04 Banjar - 17 Desa
51.08.06 Buleleng 17 12 Desa
Kelurahan
51.08.03 Busung Biu - 15 Desa
51.08.01 Gerokgak - 14 Desa
51.08.08 Kubutambahan - 13 Desa
51.08.07 Sawan - 14 Desa
51.08.02 Seririt 1 20 Desa
Kelurahan
51.08.05 Sukasada 1 14 Desa
Kelurahan
51.08.09 Tejakula - 10 Desa
TOTAL 19 129

Airports[edit]

Lt.Col. Wisnu Airfield is located in the Sumberkima village.

Research on a new airport was completed in 2017, due to the congestion of Ngurah Rai International Airport. The new two-runway airport will be built in the east part of Buleleng Regency and will be connected by railway to the existing airport.[6] Kubutambahan, 15 kilometers east of Singaraja, was decided to be the new airport site over two other candidates, Sangsit and Gerokgak, after taking into account geographical conditions, wind speed, wind direction, and other factors.[7]

History[edit]

The territory of Pedawa, one of the 62 Bali Aga villages in the island,[8] is the depository of several sarcophagi present at Ingsakan, Banjar Asah, Lebahlinggah, and Tampug. There are also three types of megaliths used in religious rituals and known as taulan (small stones used as symbols of Ida (God) - equivalent to Arca -, found in all main temples of Pedawa village); gainan (a stacked stone located at the Munduk Madeg Temple in Pedawa village), and umah taksu (a stacked stone similar to punden terraces in some areas of Pedawa village). Each of these items is witness to the ancient creation of the village, taking it into Prehistoric times[9] They come in par with the megaliths collected in various parts of Bali and gathered at Sanur stone park.[10]

Pearl producers[edit]

Many big pearl producers have developed 130.9 hectares in Gerokgak village as an area for pearl breeding and world-class pearl production. It will enlarge to 250 hectares swath of water stretching from Gerokgak to Kubutambahan.[11]

Gallery[edit]

Pura Beji Sangsit in Sawan District.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2023, Kabupaten Buleleng Dalam Angka 2023 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.5108)
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ H.J. de Graaf, 'Goesti Pandji Sakti, vorst van Boeleleng', Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 83:1 1949.
  5. ^ Pringle, pp. 96-100
  6. ^ "Expanded Bali airport to be at full capacity by 2017". Archived from the original on 2012-08-11. Retrieved June 23, 2012.
  7. ^ "Kubutambahan to become airport site". July 31, 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-07-31.
  8. ^ Yudantini, Ni Made (2020). "Bali Aga Villages in Kintamani, Inventory of Tangible and Intangible Aspects". Advances in Engineering Research. 192 (EduARCHsia & Senvar 2019 International Conference (EduARCHsia 2019)): 160–165. Retrieved 2024-05-09.
  9. ^ Yasa, I Wayan Putra; Purnawibawa, Ahmad Ginanjar; Anjliani, Komang Risna (2022). "The Influence of Megalithic Tradition on the Religious System in the Bali Aga Community, Pedawa Village, Buleleng". Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Law, Social Sciences, and Education, 28 October 2022, Singaraja, Bali. Retrieved 2024-05-09.
  10. ^ Segliņš, Valdis; Kukela, Agnese; Lazdina, Baiba (January 2019). "Indications of megalithic culture on the island of Bali in Indonesia". Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Earth & Geosciences, Extended session SGEM Vienna Green 2018. Retrieved 2024-05-09.
  11. ^ "North Bali coast boasts major pearl producers".

External links[edit]

8°12′S 114°57′E / 8.200°S 114.950°E / -8.200; 114.950