Bulgaria–Serbia relations

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Bulgarian-Serbian relations
Map indicating locations of Bulgaria and Serbia



Bulgarian-Serbian relations are foreign relations between Bulgaria and Serbia. They established diplomatic relations on 18 January 1879 as the Principality of Serbia (independent) and Principality of Bulgaria (vassal of the Ottoman Empire which exercised de facto independence). Bulgaria has an embassy in Belgrade. Serbia has an embassy in Sofia.

Both countries are full members of the Southeast European Cooperation Process, of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe, of the Central European Initiative, of the Southeast European Cooperative Initiative and of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation. The countries share 318 km of common borderline.

The relationship between Serbia and Bulgaria is divided between cooperation and conflicts. Bulgaria recognized Kosovo as an independent country in 2008, which temporarily strained relations between two nations.

Country comparison[edit]

Bulgaria Bulgaria Serbia Serbia
Population 7,364,570 7,186,862
Area 110,910 km² (42,823 sq mi) 88,361 km² (34,116 sq mi )
Population Density 68.9 /km² (185 /sq mi) 91,9/km2 (238/sq mi)
Capital Sofia Belgrade
Largest City Sofia - 1,241,396 (1,501,683 Metro) Belgrade - 1,233,769 (1,659,440 Metro)
Government Parliamentary republic Parliamentary republic
Official languages Bulgarian Serbian (official provincial languages: Slovak, Hungarian, Romanian, Rusyn, Croatian)
Main religions 82.64% Orthodox Christians, 12.20% Islam, 0.55%
Catholic Christians, 0.53% Protestant Christians, 0.19% Other, 3.57%
Does not self-identify,
0.31% Not shown
84.1% Eastern Orthodoxy, 6.24% Roman Catholicism, 3.62% Islam,
2% Protestantism, 5.4% other
Ethnic groups 84% Bulgarians, 9% Turkish, 5% Roma and 2%
other groups
83% Serbs, 4% Hungarians, 2% Bosniaks,
1.5% Roma, 1% Yugoslavs, 1% Slovaks, 10% Other
GDP (nominal) US$51.989 billion ($7,033 per capita) $43.7 billion ($5,906 per capita)

See also[edit]



  • Agatonović, Rad. (1899). "Односи између Србије и Блгарске" (in Serbian). Kingdom of Serbia. 
  • Antić, Dejan D. "A view of Serbian-Bulgarian relations at the end of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century." Godišnjak Pedagoškog fakulteta u Vranju 7 (2016): 55-67.

External links[edit]