Bulgarian Folk Songs

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Bulgarian Folk Songs, Zagreb,1861

Bulgarian Folk Songs[1][note 1] (Cyrillic: Бѫлгарски народни пѣсни,[note 2] modern Bulgarian: Български народни песни, Macedonian: Бугарски народни песни) is a collection of folk songs and traditions from the regions of Macedonia, Shopluk and Srednogorie published in 1861 by the Miladinov brothers.

The materials were collected in the areas of Strumica, Kostur, Voden, Veles, Debar, Kukush, Prilep, Ohrid, Struga, Bitola, Sofia and Panagyurishte. The book represents an anthology of 660 folk songs, but also folk legends, traditions, rituals, names, riddles, and proverbs.[2] It was published in Zagreb in 1861, under the patronage of the Croatian bishop Joseph Strossmayer. The second edition came out in 1891, in the Principality of Bulgaria.

Macedonian researchers proclaim today the collection as an example of literature written in Macedonian language.[3] They claim also the collection was published under this title because its authors were forced to use Bulgarian language.[4] However at that time, there were no standardized Bulgarian or Macedonian languages with which to conform,[5] and Bulgarian and Macedonian Slavs worked together to create a common literary standard, called Bulgarian.[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The book is also known in the Republic of Macedonia as the Anthology of the Miladinov brothers (Macedonian: Зборникот на Миладиновци).
  2. ^ The original title of the book was written in an unstandardized Cyrilic alphabet.


  1. ^ Dimitriya and Konstantin Miladinov (1861). Bulgarian Folk Songs (original edition) (PDF). Zagreb, Croatia: Josip Juraj Strossmayer.
  2. ^ Mary Lee Knowlton (2005). Cultures of the World: Macedonia. Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 9780761418542.
  3. ^ Michael Palairet, Macedonia: A Voyage through History (Vol. 2, From the Fifteenth Century to the Present), Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016, ISBN 1443888494, p. 102.
  4. ^ Sonja Stojmenska-Elzeser, National Poets and Cultural Saints of Europe: Macedonian (questionnaire), Institute of Macedonian Literature, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, 2016.
  5. ^ The Bulgarian Ministry of Education officially codified a standard Bulgarian language based on the Drinov-Ivanchev orthography in 1899, while Macedonian was finally codified in 1950 in Communist Yugoslavia, that finalized the progressive split in the common Macedonian–Bulgarian pluricentric area.
  6. ^ Bechev, Dimitar (2009). Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Macedonia Historical Dictionaries of Europe. Scarecrow Press. p. 134. ISBN 0-8108-6295-6.
  7. ^ From Rum Millet to Greek and Bulgarian Nations: Religious and National Debates in the Borderlands of the Ottoman Empire, 1870–1913. Theodora Dragostinova, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.