Bulgarian parliamentary election, 2014

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Bulgarian parliamentary election, 2014
Bulgaria
← 2013 5 October 2014 2017 →
Turnout 51.05%

Party Leader % Seats ±
GERB Boyko Borisov 32.7 84 -13
KB Mihail Mikov 15.4 39 -45
DPS Lyutvi Mestan 14.8 38 +2
RB Radan Kanev 8.9 23 +23
PF Valeri Simeonov &
Krasimir Karakachanov
7.3 19 +19
BBT Nikolay Barekov 5.7 15 New
ATAKA Volen Siderov 4.5 11 -12
ABV Georgi Parvanov 4.1 11 New
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Georgi Bliznashki Georgi Bliznashki
Independent
Boyko Borisov
GERB
Boyko Borisov
Coat of arms of Bulgaria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bulgaria

Parliamentary elections were held in Bulgaria on 5 October 2014 to elect the 43rd National Assembly.[1] GERB remained the largest party, winning 84 of the 240 seats with around a third of the vote. A total of eight parties won seats, the first time since the beginning of democratic elections in 1990 that more than seven parties entered parliament.[2] Boyko Borisov then became prime minister as head of a coalition with the Reformist Bloc and with outside support from the Patriotic Front and the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival.

Background[edit]

After the 2013 election, the seat distribution was such that the new coalition government, composed of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) and the Movement for Rights and Freedoms (DPS) and led by Plamen Oresharski, had only half the seats in Parliament, and thus prospects of holding early elections were significant. Also, the Oresharski cabinet was confronted by a series of protests starting on 14 June 2013, in response to the election of Delyan Peevski as head of the Bulgarian state security agency DANS (State Agency for National Security).[3][4][5]

Following the setback suffered by the BSP in the European Parliament election - having picked up 18.94% of the popular vote (down from 26.6% in 2013) - opposition parties called for early parliamentary elections. The leader of the DPS expressed his desire to have the government resign so that early elections can be scheduled for the end of 2014 or the middle of 2015.[6]

On 10 June 2014 the leader of the Bulgarian Socialist Party, Sergei Stanishev, demanded the resignation of the government: "We cannot have the responsibility for the existence and actions of this government solely by ourselves."[7] Following an agreement from the three largest parties (GERB, BSP and DPS) to hold early parliamentary elections for 5 October 2014,[8] the cabinet was to resign by the end of July.[9]

On Wednesday July 23, Oresharski's government submitted its resignation.[10] The next day parliament voted 180–8 (8 abstained and 44 were absent) to accept the government's resignation.[11] After each party refused to try to form a new government, on 6 August a caretaker government led by Georgi Bliznashki was sworn into office and the 42nd National Assembly was dissolved with an election date set for 5 October.[1]

Campaign[edit]

Twenty-two parties and seven coalitions registered to run on election day before the deadline. Two parties were denied registration.[12]

The election campaign started on 5 September.[13]

Opinion polls[edit]

Pre election campaign[edit]

Election campaign[edit]

Source Date GERB BSP DPS Attack RB BBT PF ABV Others Total
Gallup 18 September 2014 35.9% 18.3% 14.2% 3.4% 5.6% 5.8% 4.9% 3.6% 8.3% 100.0%
Alpha Research 1 October 2014 34.1% 19.1% 15.4% - 6% 6% 4.2% - - 84.8%

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
GERB 1,072,491 32.67 84 –13
BSP - Left Bulgaria 505,527 15.40 39 –45
Movement for Rights and Freedoms 487,134 14.84 38 +2
Reformist Bloc 291,806 8.89 23 +23
Patriotic Front 239,101 7.28 19 +19
Bulgaria without Censorship 186,938 5.69 15 New
Attack 148,262 4.52 11 –12
Alternative for Bulgarian Revival 136,223 4.15 11 New
Movement 21 39,221 1.20 0 New
People's Voice 37,335 1.14 0 0
The Greens 19,990 0.61 0 0
Republic BG 18,901 0.58 0 New
New Bulgaria 12,628 0.39 0 New
New Alternative 11 583 0.35 0 0
United Bulgaria 10,831 0.33 0 New
Bulgarian Social Democracy 9,431 0.29 0 New
National Movement for Stability and Progress 7,917 0.24 0 New
Party of the Greens 7,456 0.23 0 New
The Rights 7,234 0.22 0 New
Left and the Green Party 7,010 0.21 0 0
Bulgarian National Union – New Democracy 5,559 0.17 0 New
New Force 5,553 0.17 0 New
Social Democratic Party 5,398 0.16 0 0
Community for New Bulgaria 4,615 0.14 0 New
New Time 3,836 0.12 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 218,125
Total 3,501,269 100 240 0
Registered voters/turnout 6,858,304 51.05
Source: CIK

Reactions[edit]

Following his party's election victory, Borisov stated that his party would try to form the next government and that he "want[s] to govern, in person".[14]

Government formation[edit]

The newly elected Assembly met for the first time on 27 October.[15]

After being tasked by President Rosen Plevneliev to form a government, Borisov's GERB allied with the Reformist Bloc to form a government and also had the outside support of the Patriotic Front and the Alternative for Bulgarian Revival. The cabinet of twenty ministers was approved by a majority of 136-97 (with one abstention).[16] Borisov was then chosen as prime minister by an even larger vote of 149-85.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bulgaria's 42nd Parliament Dissolved, Elections on October 5". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
  2. ^ Petrov, Angel. "Bulgaria's Grand Parliament Chessboard Might Be Both Ailment and Cure". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 October 2014.
  3. ^ Bulgarians protests over media magnate as security chief, Reuters, 14 June 2013
  4. ^ Thousands Rally in Bulgaria against Election of Shady Mogul for 'FBI' Head, Novinite, 14 June 2013
  5. ^ (in Bulgarian) Protester says things could change for better (video) Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine., bgnes, 14 June 2013
  6. ^ "Bulgarian Co-ruling Party DPS Calls for Early Elections by end-2014". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  7. ^ "BSP Leader Stanishev Demands Government Resignation, July Elections". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  8. ^ "President Plevneliev Urges Outgoing Parliament to Review Budget". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Bulgarian Gov't to Resign between July 23, 25 - PM Oresharski". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 9 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Bulgaria's PM Plamen Oresharski Resigns". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Bulgarian Parliament Approves Government Resignation". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  12. ^ "Seven Coalitions, 22 Parties to Run in Bulgaria's Early Elections". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  13. ^ "Elections Campaign in Bulgaria To Start On Friday". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  14. ^ Sturdee, Simon. "Deflated Bulgarian strongman vows to form government". news.yahoo.com. Yahoo - ABC News Network. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  15. ^ Bulgaria's 43th [sic] National Assembly to be inaugurated todayКопирано от standartnews.com Standart, 27 October 2014
  16. ^ "Bulgarian MPs Approve New Cabinet, Ministers Sworn In". Novinite.com. Sofia News Agency. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  17. ^ "Bulgaria's Parliament Approves New Government". abcnews.go.com. ABC News Internet Ventures. Retrieved 7 November 2014.