Bulli, New South Wales

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WollongongNew South Wales
Bulli Aerial.jpg
Aerial view of Bulli
Bulli is located in New South Wales
Coordinates34°20′03″S 150°54′48″E / 34.33417°S 150.91333°E / -34.33417; 150.91333Coordinates: 34°20′03″S 150°54′48″E / 34.33417°S 150.91333°E / -34.33417; 150.91333
Population6,105 (2016 census)[1]
LGA(s)City of Wollongong
State electorate(s)Keira
Federal Division(s)Cunningham
Suburbs around Bulli:
Map of Bulli
panorama of the suburb and northern Wollongong's coastline

Bulli (/ˈbʊl/ BUUL-eye) is a northern suburb of Wollongong situated on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia. Bulli is possibly derived from an Aboriginal word signifying "double or two mountains", but other derivations have been suggested.[2]

Originally inhabited by Wodi Wodi Aborigines, European wood cutters worked in the area from about 1815. The area was once abundant in Red Cedars, these are now still seen but thinly. The first permanent European settler was Cornelius O'Brien, who established a farm in 1823 and whose name was given in the pass at O'Briens Road south at Figtree.

Bulli soil is also the primary source of soil and foundation of Sydney Cricket Ground, which makes the SCG being seen traditionally as one of the most spin-friendly international cricket grounds in Australia.[3]


The Bulli Coal Company opened a mine in 1862 on the escarpment and built cottages to house miners and their families. Coal was transported by rail from the mine to Bulli Jetty at Sandon Point where it was loaded onto ships.[4]

The miners were paid in accordance with production, they were not paid a set wage. The first trade union in the Illawarra region was formed by miners at Bulli in 1879. Management retaliated by firing and evicting union miners and hiring non-union labour.

On 23 March 1887 a gas explosion in the mine killed 81 men and boys, leaving 50 women widows and 150 children without fathers. There was one survivor, a 17-year-old boy who became known as "Boy Cope". A memorial obelisk listing the names of those who perished is situated in Park Road, Bulli, adjacent to the railway line.[5] The mine reopened later in the year. The Bulli Mine Disaster was one of the worst in the region's history, see Mount Kembla.

The mine has since long been leveled, with only concrete foundations revealing the location of the old office area and other buildings. Hidden along the cliff behind said foundations can be found the old mine entrances. These have been sealed with up to 12 feet of concrete, with a drainage line set in the concrete. To the east is the remnants of the sorting site, a few scattered foundations and a tar patch.

The old railway line from the mine to the coast has mostly been removed, but as you drive south into Bulli you will see the bridge it was set in, now used as a walkway over the highway after a fatal car accident involving a school child saw it restored. This bridge now features a welcome sign for the historic 'black diamond' district.


According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 6,105 people in Bulli.

  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 2.2% of the population.
  • 80.9% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was England at 4.8%.
  • 90.3% of people spoke only English at home.
  • The most common responses for religion were No Religion 35.4%, Catholic 24.3% and Anglican 17.5%.[1]


Shark Bay (Bulli), or 'Sharky', and Waniora Point, viewed from Sandon Point

Bulli Beach (pictured below) is a popular surfing spot. The northern tip (Sandon Point) is a venue for regular surfing competitions.

Bulli's main historical feature is the railway station, situated between the escarpment and the surf beaches. The station was the first on the south coast and contains a museum which is open every Sunday.

Another historic feature is the Heritage Hotel, which was opened in 1889. This is in the heart of the 'Black Diamond' district.

The Illawarra Grevillea Park is an arboretum and botanic garden which opened in 1993. It houses the repository or living collection of the Grevillea Study Group of the Australian Plants Society (previously SGAP). It is a botanic garden containing plants native to Australia – its collections include grevilleas, prostantheras and rainforest plants. Staffed and run by volunteers, it is open 6 weekends a year.

Behind the Illawarra Grevillea Park is Slacky Flat Park which is home to some reasonably undisturbed remnant rainforest and numerous species of native birds and marsupials.

The town has a small chain of commerce in its central district west of the station, and includes a newsagent and several specialty stores. The town is home to St Joseph's Catholic Primary School (current principal Mrs Luisa Tobin), Bulli Public School, Waniora Public School and Bulli High School, New South Wales.

At Sandon Point and Tramway Creek immediately north of the promontory, there is some remnant bushland including turpentine forest. This is an important migratory bird location and a history walk has been set up along the road were the old railway used to go. This point is also the site of a midden area. For over fifteen years the local community has been campaigning against residential development of this coastal floodplain and wetland. This included over 150 submissions to a Commission of Inquiry which recommended against further major development. Minister for Planning, Frank Sartor, however has overridden his COI to give Stockland and the Anglican Village Retirement Trust approval to add over 1000 residential houses and units.

Heritage listings[edit]

Bulli has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:


External links[edit]

  • "Illawarra Coal" – An unofficial history of coal mining in the Illawarra
  • The Illawarra Grevillea Park Page
  • Bulli Community Web Portal
  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bulli". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.