Theatrical release poster by Michel Landi
|Directed by||Peter Yates|
|Produced by||Philip D'Antoni|
|Screenplay by||Alan R. Trustman |
|Based on||Mute Witness|
by Robert L. Fish
|Music by||Lalo Schifrin|
|Cinematography||William A. Fraker|
|Edited by||Frank P. Keller|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.-Seven Arts|
|Box office||$42.3 million|
Bullitt is a 1968 American action thriller film directed by Peter Yates and produced by Philip D'Antoni. The picture stars Steve McQueen, Robert Vaughn, and Jacqueline Bisset. The screenplay by Alan R. Trustman and Harry Kleiner was based on the 1963 novel Mute Witness, by Robert L. Fish, writing under the pseudonym Robert L. Pike. Lalo Schifrin wrote the original jazz-inspired score. Robert Duvall has a small role as a cab driver who provides information to McQueen. A 1968 Mustang Fastback used in the film's iconic chase scene, was sold at Mecum Auctions for a record price of $3.7 million on January 10, 2020.
The film was made by McQueen's Solar Productions company, with his partner Robert Relyea as executive producer. Released by Warner Bros.-Seven Arts on October 17, 1968, the film was a critical and box-office smash, later winning the Academy Award for Best Film Editing (Frank P. Keller) and receiving a nomination for Best Sound. Writers Trustman and Kleiner won a 1969 Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for Best Motion Picture Screenplay. Bullitt is also notable for its car chase scene through the streets of San Francisco, which is regarded as one of the most influential in movie history.
On a Friday night in Chicago, mobster Johnny Ross briefly meets his brother, Pete, after fleeing from the Outfit. The next morning SFPD detective Lieutenant Frank Bullitt and his team, Delgetti and Stanton are tasked by Senator Walter Chalmers with guarding Ross over the weekend, until he can be presented as a witness to a Senate subcommittee hearing on organized crime on Monday morning. The detectives are told he is in a cheap hotel on Embarcadero. Delgetti takes the first shift followed by Stanton and then Bullitt. At 1am Sunday, while Stanton is phoning Bullitt to say Chalmers and a friend want to come up, Ross unchains the room door. Two hitmen burst in shooting Stanton in the leg and Ross in the neck.
Chalmers holds Bullitt responsible. Ross dies in hospital from his wounds but Bullitt conceals the death to keep the investigation open, sending the body to the morgue as a John Doe. An informant says that Ross was in town because he stole millions of dollars from the Chicago Outfit. Bullitt also finds out he made a long-distance phone call to a hotel in San Mateo.
While driving his Ford Mustang, Bullitt becomes aware he is being followed by a Dodge Charger driven by the two hitmen. An extended chase ensues through the streets of San Francisco to Brisbane. Eventually the Dodge crashes off the road, killing its occupants in a fiery explosion.
Bullitt and Delgetti are confronted by their boss, Captain Sam Bennett, as well as Chalmers (who is assisted by SFPD Captain Baker). After being served a writ of habeas corpus, Bullitt reveals that Ross has died. Bennett ignores the writ and lets Bullitt investigate the lead of the long-distance phone call to San Mateo. Due to his car being damaged in the chase, Bullitt gets a ride from his girlfriend Cathy. At the hotel, Bullitt finds the woman who phoned, garrotted, in her room. Cathy follows the police to the crime scene and is horrified. On the way back to San Francisco she confronts Bullitt about his work, saying "Frank, you are living in a sewer". She wonders, "What will happen to us?"
While examining the victim's luggage, Bullitt and Delgetti discover a travel brochure for Rome and traveler's checks made out to an Albert and Dorothy Renick. Bullitt requests their passport applications from Chicago. Bullitt, Captain Bennett, Chalmers and Captain Baker gather around the telecopier as the applications arrive. It turns out Chalmers sent Bullitt to guard a doppelgänger, Albert Renick, a used car salesman from Chicago, while his wife Dorothy was staying in San Mateo. Bullitt realises that Ross was playing the politically-ambitious Chalmers by using Renick as a decoy so he could slip out of the country Sunday night.
Delgetti and Bullitt watch the Rome gate at San Francisco International Airport, however, the real Ross (on Renick's passport) has switched to an earlier London flight with his ticket for Rome. Bullitt boards the plane after it is ordered to return to the terminal but the mobster escapes through the rear cabin door. In the crowded passenger terminal, Ross kills a deputy sheriff before being shot dead by Bullitt. Chalmers arrives to survey the scene, but leaves saying nothing. Bullitt arrives home early on Monday morning to find Cathy, who, having chosen to stay, is asleep in his bed.
- Steve McQueen as Lt. Frank Bullitt
- Don Gordon as Detective "Dell" Delgetti
- Robert Vaughn as US Senate aide Walter Chalmers
- Simon Oakland as Captain Sam Bennett
- Felice Orlandi as Albert "Johnny Ross" Renick
- Pat Renella as Johnny Ross
- Jacqueline Bisset as Cathy
- Carl Reindel as Carl Stanton
- Paul Genge as Mike, The Hitman
- Bill Hickman as Phil, The Hitman's Partner
- Robert Duvall as Weissberg (cab driver)
- Norman Fell as Captain Baker
- Georg Stanford Brown as Dr. Willard
- Justin Tarr as Eddy the Informant
- Al Checco as Desk Clerk
- Victor Tayback as Pete Ross
- Robert Lipton as Chalmers' 1st Aide
- Ed Peck as Westcott (reporter at hospital)
- John Aprea as Killer
Bullitt was director Yates's first American film. He was hired after McQueen saw his 1967 UK feature Robbery, with its extended car chase. Joe Levine, whose Embassy Pictures had distributed Robbery, didn't much like the film, but Alan Trustman, who saw the picture the very week he was writing the Bullitt chase scenes, insisted that McQueen, Relyea and D'Antoni (none of whom had ever heard of Yates) see Robbery and consider Yates as director for Bullitt.
McQueen based the character of Frank Bullitt on San Francisco Inspector Dave Toschi, with whom he worked prior to filming. McQueen even copied Toschi's unique "fast draw" shoulder holster. Toschi later became famous, along with Inspector Bill Armstrong, as the lead San Francisco investigators of the Zodiac Killer murders that began shortly after the release of Bullitt. Toschi is played by Mark Ruffalo in the film Zodiac, in which Paul Avery (Robert Downey Jr.) mentions that "McQueen got the idea for the holster from Toschi."
At the time of the film's release, the exciting car chase scenes, featuring McQueen at the wheel in all driver-visual scenes, generated prodigious excitement. Leonard Maltin has called it a "now-classic car chase, one of the screen's all-time best." Emanuel Levy wrote in 2003 that "Bullitt contains one of the most exciting car chases in film history, a sequence that revolutionized Hollywood's standards." In his obituary for Peter Yates, Bruce Weber wrote, "Mr. Yates' reputation probably rests most securely on Bullitt (1968), his first American film – and indeed, on one particular scene, an extended car chase that instantly became a classic."
The chase scene starts at 1h:05m into the film. The total time of the scene is 10 minutes and 53 seconds, beginning in the Fisherman's Wharf area of San Francisco, at Columbus and Chestnut (although Bullitt first notices the hitmen following his car while driving west on Army Street, now Cesar Chavez Street, just after passing under Highway 101), followed by Midtown shooting on Hyde and Laguna streets, with shots of Coit Tower and locations around and on Filbert and University streets. The scene ends outside the city at the Guadalupe Canyon Parkway in San Bruno Mountain near Brisbane. The route has been mapped, showing that it is geographically impossible to take place in real time.
Two 1968 390 cu. in. V8 Ford Mustang GT Fastbacks (325 hp) with four-speed manual transmissions were used for the chase scene, both lent by the Ford Motor Company to Warner Bros. as part of a promotional agreement. The Mustangs' engines, brakes and suspensions were heavily modified for the chase by veteran car racer and technician Max Balchowsky. Ford also originally lent two Galaxie sedans for the chase scenes, but the producers found the cars too heavy for the jumps over the hills of San Francisco. They were replaced with two 1968 375 hp 440 Magnum V8-powered Dodge Chargers. The engines in both Dodge Charger models were left largely unmodified, but the suspensions were mildly upgraded to cope with the demands of the stunt work.
The director called for maximum speeds of about 75–80 miles per hour (121–129 km/h), but the cars (including the chase cars filming) at times reached speeds of over 110 miles per hour (180 km/h). Driver's point-of-view shots were used to give the audience a participant's feel of the chase. Filming took three weeks, resulting in nine minutes and 42 seconds of pursuit. Multiple takes were spliced into a single end product resulting in discontinuity: heavy damage on the passenger side of Bullitt's car can be seen much earlier than the incident producing it, and the Charger appears to lose five wheel covers, with different ones missing in different shots. Shooting from multiple angles simultaneously and creating a montage from the footage to give the illusion of different streets also resulted in the speeding cars passing the same vehicles at several different times, including, as widely noted, a green Volkswagen Beetle. In one scene the Charger crashes into the camera; the damaged front fender is noticeable in later scenes. Local authorities did not allow the car chase to be filmed on the Golden Gate Bridge, but did permit it in Midtown locations including Bernal Heights and the Mission District, and on the outskirts of neighboring Brisbane.
McQueen, at the time a world-class race car driver, drove in the close-up scenes, while stunt coordinator Carey Loftin, stuntman and motorcycle racer Bud Ekins, and McQueen's usual stunt driver, Loren Janes, drove for the high-speed part of the chase and performed other dangerous stunts. Ekins, who doubled for McQueen in The Great Escape sequence where McQueen's character jumps over a barbed wire fence on a motorcycle, performs a lowsider crash stunt in front of a skidding truck during the Bullitt chase. The Mustang's interior rear view mirror goes up and down depending on who is driving: when the mirror is up, McQueen is visible behind the wheel, when it is down, a stunt man is driving.
The black Dodge Charger was driven by veteran stunt driver Bill Hickman, who played one of the hitmen and helped with the chase scene choreography. The other hitman was played by Paul Genge, who played a character who had ridden a Dodge off the road to his death in an episode of Perry Mason ("The Case of the Sausalito Sunrise") two years earlier. In a magazine article many years later, one of the drivers involved in the chase sequence remarked that the Charger - with a larger engine (big-block 440 cu. in. versus the 390 cu. in.) and greater horsepower (375 versus 325) - was so much faster than the Mustang that the drivers had to keep backing off the accelerator to prevent the Charger from pulling away from the Mustang.
The editing of the car chase likely won Frank P. Keller the editing Oscar for 1968, and has been included in lists of the "Best Editing Sequences of All-Time". Paul Monaco has written, "The most compelling street footage of 1968, however, appeared in an entirely contrived sequence, with nary a hint of documentary feel about it – the car chase through the streets of San Francisco in Bullitt, created from footage shot over nearly five weeks. Billy Fraker, the cinematographer for the film, attributed the success of the chase sequence primarily to the work of the editor, Frank P. Keller. At the time, Keller was credited with cutting the piece in such a superb manner that he made the city of San Francisco a "character" in the film." The editing of the scene was not without difficulties; Ralph Rosenblum wrote in 1979 that "those who care about such things may know that during the filming of the climactic chase scene in Bullitt, an out-of-control car filled with dummies tripped a wire which prematurely sent a costly set up in flames, and that editor Frank Keller salvaged the near-catastrophe with a clever and unusual juxtaposition of images that made the explosion appear to go off on time." This chase scene has also been cited by critics as groundbreaking in its realism and originality. In the release print and the print shown for many years, a scene in which the Charger actually hits the camera causing a red flare on screen, which many feel added to the realism, was edited out on DVD prints to the disappointment of many fans.
The original score was composed by Lalo Schifrin to track the various moods and the action of the film, with Schifrin's signature contemporary American jazz style. The tracks on the soundtrack album are alternative versions of those heard in the film, re-recorded by Schifrin with leading jazz musicians, including Bud Shank (flute), Ray Brown (bass), Howard Roberts (guitar) and Larry Bunker (drums).
In 2000, the original arrangements as heard in the movie were recreated by Schifrin in a recording session with the WDR Big Band in Cologne, Germany, and released on the Aleph label. This release also includes re-recordings of the 1968 soundtrack album arrangements for some tracks.
In 2009, the never-before-released original recording of the score heard in the movie, recorded by Schifrin on the Warner Bros. scoring stage with engineer Dan Wallin, was made available by Film Score Monthly. Some score passages and cues are virtually identical to the official soundtrack album, while many softer, moodier cues from the film were not chosen or had been rewritten for the soundtrack release. Also included are additional cues that were not used in the film. In addition, the two-CD set features the official soundtrack album, newly mixed from the 1" master tape.
In the restaurant scene with McQueen and Bissett, the live band playing in the background is Meridian West, a jazz quartet that McQueen had seen performing at The Trident, a famous restaurant in Sausalito.
Bullitt garnered both critical acclaim and box office success.
The film opened at Radio City Music Hall in New York City on Thursday, October 17, 1968, together with a new stage show. It grossed $210,000 in its first week, including a Hall record Saturday of $49,073. Produced on a $5.5 million budget, the film grossed over $42.3 million in the US, making it the fourth highest-grossing film of 1968.
Bullitt was well received by critics and is considered by some to be one of the best films of 1968. At the time, Renata Adler made the film a New York Times Critics' Pick, calling it a "terrific movie, just right for Steve McQueen –-fast, well acted, written the way people talk." According to Adler, "the ending should satisfy fans from Dragnet to Camus."
In 2004, The New York Times placed the film on its list of The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made. In 2011, Time magazine listed it among "The 15 Greatest Movie Car Chases of All Time", describing it as "the one, the first, the granddaddy, the chase on the top of almost every list", and saying "Bullitt's car chase is a reminder that every great such scene is a triumph of editing as much as it is stunt work. Naturally, it won that year's Academy Award for Best Editing". Among 21st-century critics, it holds a 97% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, representing positive reviews from 34 of 35 critics with an average rating of 7.7/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "Steve McQueen is cool as ice in this thrilling police procedural that also happens to contain the arguably greatest car chase ever." On Metacritic the film has a score of 80 out of 100 based on reviews from 20 critics, indicating "Universal acclaim".
Awards and honors
The film was nominated for and won several critical awards. Frank P. Keller won the 1969 Academy Award for Best Film Editing, and it was also nominated for Best Sound. Five nominations at the BAFTA Film Awards for 1969 included Best Director for Peter Yates, Best Supporting Actor for Robert Vaughn, Best Cinematography for William A. Fraker, Best Film Editing for Frank P. Keller, and Best Sound Track. Robert Fish, Harry Kleiner, and Alan Trustman won the 1969 Edgar Award for Best Motion Picture. Keller won the American Cinema Editors Eddie Award for Best Edited Feature Film. The film also received the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Cinematography (William A. Fraker) and the Golden Reel Award for Best Sound Editing – Feature Film. It was successful at the 1970 Laurel Awards, winning Golden Laurel awards for Best Action Drama, Best Action Performance (Steve McQueen) and Best Female New Face (Jacqueline Bisset). In 2000, the Society of Camera Operators awarded Bullitt its "Historical Shot" award to David M. Walsh.
The famous car chase was later spoofed in Peter Bogdanovich's screwball comedy film What's Up, Doc?, the Clint Eastwood film The Dead Pool, in the Futurama episode "Bendin' in the Wind", and in the Archer season six episode "The Kanes". The car chase can be seen playing on the screen in the drive-in theater scene in 2014 film, Need for Speed. The 13th episode of TV series Alcatraz includes a recreation of the chase scene, with newer models of the Mustang and Charger. Bullitt producer Philip D'Antoni went on to film two more car chases, for The French Connection and The Seven-Ups, both set and shot in New York City.
The Ford Mustang name has been closely associated with the film. In 2001, the Ford Motor Company released the Bullitt edition Ford Mustang GT. Another version of the Ford Mustang Bullitt, which is closer to resembling the original film Mustang, was released in 2008, to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the film. A third version was released in 2018 for the 2019 and 2020 model years. In 2009, Bud Brutsman of Overhaulin' built an authentic-looking replica of the Bullitt Mustang, fully loaded with modern components, for the five-episode 2009 TV series, Celebrity Rides: Hollywood's Speeding Bullitt, hosted by Chad McQueen, son of Steve McQueen.
The Mustang is featured in the 2003 video game Ford Racing 2, in a Drafting challenge, on a course named Port Side. It appears in the Movie Stars category, along with other famous cars like the Ford Torino from Starsky & Hutch and the Ford Mustang Mach 1 from Diamonds Are Forever. In the 2011 video game, Driver: San Francisco, the "Bite the Bullet" mission is based on the famous chase scene, with licensed versions of the Mustang and Charger from the film.
One of the two Mustangs used to film the chase scene was said to have been scrapped after filming, due to damage and liability concerns. The other car was sold to an employee of Warner Bros. In 1974, it was purchased by Robert Kiernan, from a classified ad in Road & Track, for a price variously reported as $3,500 and $6,000. The Kiernans used it as the family vehicle until 1980, then stored it; in 1977, McQueen attempted to buy it, but the family declined. Kiernan's son, Sean, began to restore the car in 2014, and had it authenticated in 2016, with documentation that included McQueen's letter offering to purchase it. On January 10, 2020, the car was sold by Mecum Auctions for $3.7 million. The other stunt Mustang was found in 2016 at a junkyard in Mexico; subsequent paint jobs suggested it had been used for several years rather than scrapped. The car was conclusively verified by an automobile authentication expert, using the vehicle's VIN and other identifying information. It was shipped to California, where the owners planned a full restoration.
Steve McQueen's likeness as Frank Bullitt was used in two Ford commercials. The first was for the Europe-only 1997 Ford Puma, which featured a special effects montage of McQueen (who died in 1980) driving a new Puma around San Francisco before parking it in a studio apartment garage beside the film Mustang and the motorcycle from The Great Escape. In a 2004 commercial for the 2005 Mustang, special effects are again used to create the illusion of McQueen driving the new Mustang, after a man receives a Field of Dreams-style epiphany and constructs a racetrack in the middle of a cornfield.
Several items of clothing worn by McQueen's Bullitt received a boost in popularity thanks to the film: desert boots, a trench coat, a blue turtleneck sweater and, most famously, a brown tweed jacket with elbow patches.
- Bullitt at the American Film Institute Catalog
- "British Director to Film U.S. Dilemma" Lesner, Sam. Los Angeles Times, 9 February 1968: c14.
- "Box Office Information for Bullitt". The Numbers. Retrieved July 15, 2011.
- "Bullitt (1968) - Peter Yates". AllMovie.
- "Bullitt". Atlanta: Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved November 19, 2016.
- Monush 2009, p. 274.
- Eagan 2009, p. 641.
- Eliot, Marc (2011). Steve McQueen: A Biography (1st ed.). New York City: Crown Archetype. ISBN 978-0307453211.
- Murphy 1999, p. 179.
- Pike, Robert L. (1963). Mute Witness. New York City: Doubleday. ISBN 978-9997527875.
- Kabatchnik 2012, p. 231.
- Valdes-Dapena, Peter (10 January 2020). "$3.7 million: Ford Mustang driven in the movie 'Bullitt' sells for record price". CNN. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
- Ebert, Roger (December 23, 1968). "Bullitt". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2010-01-18.
"Bullitt," as everybody has heard by now, also includes a brilliant chase scene. McQueen (doing his own driving) is chased by, and chases, a couple of gangsters up and down San Francisco's hills. They slam into intersections, bounce halfway down the next hill, scrape by half a dozen near-misses, sideswipe each other, and leave your stomach somewhere in the basement for about 11 minutes.
- Maltin, Leonard, ed. (2004). Leonard Maltin's 2004 Movie and Video Guide. Penguin Group. p. 195.
Taut action-film makes great use of San Francisco locations, especially in now-classic car chase, one of the screen's all-time best; Oscar-winning editing by Frank Keller.
- Levy, Emanuel (2008). "Bullitt". emanuellevy.com. Retrieved 2010-11-06.
- Weber, Bruce (2011-01-11). "Peter Yates, Filmmaker, Is Dead at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved 2019-03-23.
- "National Film Registry 2007". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
- "Complete National Film Registry Listing | Film Registry | National Film Preservation Board | Programs at the Library of Congress | Library of Congress". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved 2020-09-18.
- Sandford 2003, p. 224.
- Jessica Winter; Lloyd Hughes; Richard Armstong; Tom Charity (2007). The Rough Guide to Film. Rough Guides Limited. p. 618. ISBN 1843534088.
- Steve McQueen – The Making Of Bullitt, 1968 Warner Bros. promotional short film.
- Graysmith, Robert. (1986). Zodiac, p. 96. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-89895-9
- IMDB The Zodiac
- Brebner, Anne; Morrison, John (2011-02-23). "Aspect Ratio – February 2011". blip.tv. Archived from the original on 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2019-03-23.
- Wojdyla, Ben (2008-01-11). "Bullitt Chase Sequence Mapped, Proves a Tough Route". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2014-03-06.
- Cowen, Nick; Hari, Patience (2008-09-19). "Wheels On Film: Bullitt". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
- Encinas, Susan (March 1987). "The Greatest Chase of All". Muscle Car Review.
- Myers, Marc (2011-01-26). "Chasing the Ghosts of 'Bullitt'". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2011-01-26.
- Hartl, John. "Top 10 car chase movies". msnbc.com. Archived from the original on 2010-09-16. Retrieved 2010-11-07.
Bullitt (1968). Philip D'Antoni, who went on to produce The French Connection, warmed up for it with this Steve McQueen crime drama, set in San Francisco, where the steep hills seem to yearn for cars to go sailing over them. The director, Peter Yates, makes the most of the locations, especially during a gravity-defying chase sequence that earned an Oscar for its editor, Frank P. Keller.
- Dirks, Tim. "Best Film Editing Sequences of All-Time, From the Silents to the Present: Part 5". Filmsite.org.
- Monaco, Paul (2003). Harpole, Charles (ed.). The Sixties. History of the American Cinema. 8. University of California Press. p. 99. ISBN 0-520-23804-4.
- Rosenblum, Ralph; Karen, Robert (1979). When the Shooting Stops ... The Cutting Begins. Viking Press. p. 3. ISBN 0-670-75991-0.
- "The Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made – Reviews – Movies – New York Times". Nytimes.com. 2003-04-29. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
- "Bullitt (1968)". Film Score Monthly. Archived from the original on November 12, 2014. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- Payne, D. Lalo Schifrin discography accessed July 25, 2013.
- "By 1968 the group was performing at The Trident, a prominent jazz club in Sausalito and the group became a regular performer at Glide Memorial on Sundays. By March of 1968, Meridian West had been noticed by Steve McQueen, the actor, who was captivated by a performance at The Trident. McQueen gave the group a visual cameo appearance in the movie, "Bullitt," which was being filmed in San Francisco in April." - Meridian Meridian West web site (archived at WebCite). A similar account is available at Meridian West Folk Jazz Ensemble with Allan Pimentel (archived at WebCite).
- "'Bullitt,' Plus Hall's Stage and Hit Bit 210G". Variety. October 23, 1968. p. 9.
- "Greatest Films of 1968". Filmsite.org. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
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- "Most Popular Feature Films Released in 1968". IMDb.com. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- Adler, Renata (October 18, 1968). "Bullitt (1968)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- Cruz, Gilbert (May 5, 2011). "The 15 Greatest Movie Car Chases of All Time". Time. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- "Bullitt (1968)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved July 5, 2018.
- "Bullitt". Metacritic. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
- "Bullitt Awards and Nominations". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2010-04-28.
- "The 41st Academy Awards (1969) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-08-25.
- "Category List – Best Motion Picture". Edgars Database. Mystery Writers of America. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- "Watch The Bullitt Chase Remake From The Alcatraz Finale". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
- The Auto Channel – Ford Mustang Bullitt (2001)
- 2008 Ford Mustang Bullitt – First Test from Motor Trend
- Stewart, Ben (November 5, 2007). "Ford Mustang Bullitt Test Drive (with Burnout Video): L.A. Auto Show Preview". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved December 1, 2015.
- Strassmann, Mark (January 22, 2018). "The return of a Hollywood legend: Steve McQueen's Mustang". CBS News. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- McQueen's '68 "Bullitt" Mustang Tribute Build Archived 2014-05-28 at the Wayback Machine from BoldRide.com
- "Celebrity Rides: Hollywood's Speeding Bullitt". TV Guide. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- Wilcox, Greg. "Ford Racing 2". Game Tour (Multimedia Empire Inc.). Archived from the original on March 13, 2015. Retrieved March 13, 2015.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- "Ford Racing 2 - Amazon.com". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
- "The films that influenced Driver: San Francisco". ComputerAndVideoGames. August 10, 2011. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- Stone, Matt (2007). McQueen's Machines: The Cars and Bikes of a Hollywood Icon. Minneapolis, MN: MBI Publishing Company. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-7603-38957.
One of the Mustangs was so badly damaged during filming it was judged unrepairable and scrapped. The second, chassis 8R02S125559, was sold to a Warner Bros. employee after filming was completed.
- Ceppos, Rich (Mar 16, 2018). "Steve McQueen's Bullitt-Movie Mustang Suddenly Reappeared: This Is How It Happened". Car and Driver. Retrieved Oct 22, 2020.
- "1968 Ford Mustang Fastback (Bullitt – '559)". Historic Vehicle Association. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- Gastelu, Gary (March 6, 2017). "Ford Mustang found in Mexican junkyard is from 'Bullitt,' expert confirms". Fox News. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
- "A Word from Our Sponsors... Steve McQueen Drives a Puma". TheCathodeRayChoob.com. WordPress. March 4, 2009. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
- AutoBlog – Ford Mustang Steve McQueen Ad Revealed from autoblog.com
- Bonhams Lot 100 From The Chad McQueen Collection: The Bullitt Jacket. Retrieved March 22, 2014. In 1968's Bullitt, McQueen made the most unlikely items extremely fashionable – desert boots, a trench coat, a blue turtleneck sweater and a brown tweed jacket. Only McQueen could make those clothing items ... global trends... The jacket, much like the man, occupies a very special place in cinematic history, it is unquestionably one of the most important pieces of film –and McQueen memorabilia extant. (WebCite archive)
- Eagan, Daniel (2009). America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry. London: Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 641–642. ISBN 978-0826418494.
Bullitt was based on the 1963 novel, Mute Witness, by Robert L. Fish,.
- Kabatchnik, Amnon (2012). Blood on the Stage, 1975-2000: Milestone Plays of Crime, Mystery, and Detection (1st ed.). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 231. ISBN 978-0810883543.
- Monush, Barry (2009). Everybody's Talkin': The Top Films of 1965-1969. Milwaukee: Applause Theatre and Cinema Books. p. 274. ISBN 978-1557836182.
- Murphy, Bruce (1999). Encyclopedia of Murder and Mystery (1st ed.). New York City: St. Martin's Minotaur. p. 179. ISBN 978-0312215545.
- Sandford, Christopher (2003). McQueen: The Biography. Lanham, MD: Taylor Trade Publishing. p. 224. ISBN 978-0878333073.
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