|Other names||Alangu Mastiff|
|Breed status||Not recognised as a breed by any major kennel club.|
|Dog (domestic dog)|
The Bully Kutta[A] is a type of large dog that originated in the Indian subcontinent, dating back to the 16th century.[better source needed] The Bully Kutta is a working dog used for hunting and guarding. The type is popular in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, including Haryana and Delhi, as well as in Tamil Nadu.[better source needed]
Name and description
Bully Kutta literally translates to "heavily wrinkled dog". The word "Bully" comes from the root word of the Hindustani and Punjabi languages "Bohli" which means heavily wrinkled. "Kutta" means dog in the Hindi-Urdu language.
The Sindhi mastiff resembles the mastiff, and is notable for its hardiness and size. The colour is black and white with some red in places. The tail curls up and is long and bushy, with the coat being long and thick.
Bully Kuttas have an average height of 2.7 ft (78.74 cm).
The Bully Kutta originated in the Indian subcontinent, either in the Thanjavur and Tiruchi districts of Madras or the Sind region of medieval India. In Thanjavur, the Bully Kutta was a favorite pet of ruling families.[page needed] The Mughal emperor Akbar owned a Bully Kutta, which he used for hunting.
The Second International Dog Show at Islington Agricultural Hall, held on 28 May 1864 in London, showcased the Indian Mastiff among several other dog breeds. The previous year, Edward, the Prince of Wales, and Princess Alexandra, entered an Indian Mastiff in the same show, along with a Newfoundland, Russian Tracker and two Borzois. In 1884, Littell's Living Age said that historically, a "large Indian mastiff" was employed by kings "in the chase of wild beasts".
Bully Kuttas have been described as intelligent, alert, responsive, energetic and aggressive. A well-known veterinary Dr. L.N. Gupta from Agra, India has stated that Bully Kuttas are a dominating canine and should only be handled by well-experienced owners.
The American Humane Association has stated that "on tests conducted in 2009 by the American Temperament Test Society, bullies scored better than several breeds that are rarely associated with aggression, including beagles and collies." However, this is misleading, as the ATTS test is not an aggression test, it tests "different aspects of temperament such as stability, shyness, aggressiveness, and friendliness as well as the dog’s instinct for protectiveness towards its handler and/or self-preservation in the face of a threat", and Beagles and Collies fail the test not due to aggression, but due to fear of hostile strangers.
Use as a fighting dog
Bully Kuttas have been illegally used for dog fighting in India and Pakistan, including areas such as Delhi, Gurugram, and Noida. In June 2018, police in Indian Punjab filed First Information Report (FIR) for the first time against organizers of a dog fight. According to a specialist at Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, "imported animals are being crossbred to be more menacing". Many non-profit organizations are now working against illegal fighting and creating awareness among the people.
The Bully Kutta is popular in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan. In India, breeders from several rural areas of Punjab and Sri Ganganagar in Rajasthan rear the Bully Kutta; however, it is not recognized by the Kennel Club of India. They have been part of many competitions in India. According to the Times of India, it has importance among Indian youth of having a macho image.
- Wylde, Kaitlyn (1 August 2019). "What Dog Breeds Are Banned On Airlines? Some Dogs Can't Safely Fly On Planes". Bustle.
- Deshpande, Abhijeet Madhukar (2020). Indian Dogs Pedigree Chart-The List of Indian Pedigree Dogs. p. 4.
- "Dog breeds that are native to India". The Times of India. 2 September 2020. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
- Friendicoes (18 July 2017). "Meet The "Bully Kutta"". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- Reddy, Kovuuri G. (2015). Handbook of Journalism and Media: India, Bharat, Hindustan. Vikas Publishing House. p. 136. ISBN 978-93-259-8238-3.
In Hindi, a dog is called a 'kutta'.
- Romanised School Dictionary - English and Urdu Calcutta 1863, page 43
- Fallon, S. W. (1879). A new Hindustani-English dictionary. E. J. Lazarus & Co. p. 908.
- The Indian dog Waman Vishwanath Soman, Popular Prakashan 1963, page 85
- Mani, Ajit (2018). The Nawab's Tears. Partridge Publishing. ISBN 9781543704280.
- Sural, Ajay (15 Feb 2015). "Canine from Pakistan a hit in rural areas". Times of India. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- The Gardeners' Chronic and Agricultural Gazette, Volume 24. Bradbury and Evans, Printers. 1864. p. 513.
Second International Dog Show at the Agricultural Hall contains besides Foxhounds, Stag Hounds, and every variety of Dgs used in Field Sports, very fine specimens of the true English Mastiff, Indian Mastiff, Kangaroo Hounds, Boar Hounds, Bull Dogs, Terriers English and Scotch, and every kind of Toy Dog and Pet.
- Hoey, Brian (2013). Pets by Royal Appointment: The Royal Family and their Animals. Biteback Publishing. ISBN 9781849546492.
Members of the royal family have been active supporters of various dog shows since Edward, the Prince of Wales, and the then Princess Alexandra entered a number of their dogs in the International Dog Show in London in 1863, when there were fifty-seven classes and over 600 entries. The support has never wavered. Among the animals Edward and Alexandra exhibited were two borzois, a Newfoundland, and Indian mastiff and a Russian retriever.
- Secord, William (2009). Dog Painting: A History of the Dog in Art. Antique Collectors' Club. p. 358. ISBN 9781851495764.
He first showed at the Royal Agricultural Hall Show in 1864 when he exhibited a Newfoundland, an Indian Mastiff, a Russian Retriever and a Harrier, all of which won prizes.
- Littell, Eliakim; Littell, Robert S. (1884). Littell's Living Age. T. H. Carter & Company. p. 719.
He has given a fair account of the large Indian mastiff, the same animal which the Assyrian kings employed in the chase of wild beasts; his small sheep and cattle may be even now seen in India, as in the little zebu; while his mention of a variety of iron, which, when fixed in the ground averts storms and lightnings recalls to our mind the lightning-conductor of modern days.
- "Pakistani puppy penalised for traveling without ticket in Agra". Times of India. 14 January 2018.
- Archit Watts (24 June 2018). "It's a dog's life". Tribune India.
- "Punjab puts a leash on illegal dog fights, files first case". Times of India. 16 June 2018.
- Simon Lennon (1 December 2013). "Warning: Here comes the Superdog - Fears as British thugs use animals bred to kill lions". Daily Star.
- "Two-day livestock fair begins at Chappar Chiri". Tribune India. 26 October 2017.
- "Pakistani Bully centre of attraction at animal fair in Mohali". Times of India. 26 October 2016.
- Ajay Sura (16 February 2018). "Pakistani Bully in backyard boosts Punjab's macho image". Times of India.
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