Bully Dog

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Bully Dog
PakistaniMastiffPunjab.jpg
Other namesAlangu Mastiff[1]
Indian Mastiff[1]
Pakistani Mastiff[2]
Sindhi Mastiff[1]
Bully Kutta[1]
Indian Bully[2]
Pakistani Bully[2]
OriginIndian subcontinent[2][3][4]
Traits
Weight Male 70–90 kg
Female 60–70 kg
Height Male 76–86 cm
Female 75–80 cm
Coat Short
Color Brindle, Brown, White, Piebald, Black
Life span 6-8 Years
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

The Bully Dog (also known as Indian Mastiff or Pakistani Mastiff)[A] is a breed of large-sized working dog that originated in the Indian subcontinent, dating back to 16th century.[2][1][3] The Bully Kutta is a working dog used for hunting and guarding. The dog is breed is popular in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan, including Haryana and Delhi.[2]

Name and description[edit]

Ancient depictions of the Bully Kutta in the Darasuram Mandir in the Thanjavur district of India
Bully Kutta
Bully Kutta

Bully Kutta literally translates to heavily wrinkled dog. The word Bully comes from the root word of the Hindi-Urdu and Punjabi languages Bohli which means heavily wrinkled and Kutta means dog.[3][5] Bully Kuttas have an average weight of 78 kg (12st 5lbs) and height of 2.7ft (78.74 cm).[6]

The Bully Kutta originated in the Indian subcontinent, either in the Sind region or the Thanjavur and Tiruchi districts of Madras in undivided India.[3][2][4] In Thanjavur, the Bully Kutta was a favorite pet of ruling families.[7] The Mughal emperor Akbar owned a Bully dog, which he used for hunting.[8]

The Second International Dog Show at Islington Agricultural Hall, held on 28 May 1864 in London, showcased the Indian Mastiff among several other dog breeds.[9] The previous year, Edward, the Prince of Wales, and Princess Alexandra, entered an Indian mastiff in the same show, along with a Newfoundland, Russian retriever and two borzois.[10][11] In 1884, Littell's Living Age said that historically, this dog was employed by kings "in the chase of wild beasts".[12]

Temperament[edit]

Bully Kuttas have been described as intelligent, alert, responsive, energetic and aggressive. A well known veterinary Dr. LN Gupta from Agra, India says that bully dogs are a dominating canine and only be handled by well-experienced owners.[13]

The American Humane Association has stated that "on tests conducted in 2009 by the American Temperament Test Society, bullies scored better than several breeds that are rarely associated with aggression, including beagles and collies."[14]

In 2016, Daily Mail wrote an article about a Kutta that was “scared of squeaky toys, cars, the dark and even rain.”[6]

In 2017, a Beagle dog was mutilated to death by a Bully Kutta and a Rhodesian Ridgeback in Eccles, Greater Manchester.[15]

Use as a fighting dog[edit]

Bully Kuttas have been illegally used for dog fighting in Pakistan and India, including areas such as Delhi, Gurgaon, and Noida.[14][16] In June 2018, police in Indian Punjab filed First Information Report (FIR) for the first time against organizers of a dog fight.[17] According to a specialist at Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, “imported animals are being crossbred to be more menacing”.[18]

Popularity[edit]

The dog is popular in the Punjab region of India and Pakistan.[14][19] In India, breeders from several rural areas of Punjab and Sri Ganganagar in Rajasthan rear the Bully Kutta; however it is not recognized by Kennel Club of India. They have been part of many competitions in India.[20][19] According to Times of India, it has importance among youth of having a macho image.[21]

In popular culture[edit]

  • The New York Times best-selling author Greg Iles depicted this breed in his 2009 novel, The Devil's Punchbowl.[22]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This breed is known by several other names, including the Alangu Mastiff, Bully Kutta, Bohli Kutta, Indian Bully, and Pakistani Bully.[3][1][2]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Bully Kutta: The Beast From the East". Animalso. 7 February 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Meet The "Bully Kutta"". The Huffington Post. 18 July 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2019. India has the "bully kutta." Just as the pit bull has gained notoriety for no fault of its own, so has its South Asian counterpart. Also known as the Indian bully, Pakistani bully, Pakistani mastiff and Sindhi mastiff, this breed originates in the Punjab Sindh area of undivided India, which is now predominantly in Pakistan.
  3. ^ a b c d e Kumar, Arjun (26 September 2017). "Dog Breeds in India". Russian Dog. Retrieved 26 February 2019. Indian mastiffs are the largest and strongest mastiffs. It’s a rare dog breed from Southern India known as Bully Kutta, Bulli mastiff, Pakistani mastiff, and Sindh mastiff. The name comes from the Hindi/Urdu word bohli, meaning “heavily wrinkled” and kutta, which means dog.
  4. ^ a b "Bully Kutta". Medium. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2019. The Bully Kutta is in fact an Indian type as it was originally developed in the Thanjavur and Tiruchi districts hence it is likewise answers to the name Indian mastiff.
  5. ^ "Bully Kutta". europetnet.com.
  6. ^ a b Rebecca Taylor (15 December 2016). "Scaredy dog! Cowardly 12st 5lbs Mastiff is petrified of squeaky toys, cars, the dark and even RAIN". Daily Mail.
  7. ^ Mani, Ajit (2018). The Nawab’s Tears. Partridge Publishing. ISBN 9781543704280.
  8. ^ Sural, Ajay (15 Feb 2015). "Canine from Pakistan a hit in rural areas". Times of India. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  9. ^ The Gardeners' Chronic and Agricultural Gazette, Volume 24. Bradbury and Evans, Printers. 1864. p. 513. Second International Dog Show at the Agricultural Hall contains besides Foxhounds, Stag Hounds, and every variety of Dgs used in Field Sports, very fine specimens of the true English Mastiff, Indian Mastiff, Kangaroo Hounds, Boar Hounds, Bull Dogs, Terriers English and Scotch, and every kind of Toy Dog and Pet.
  10. ^ Hoey, Brian (2013). Pets by Royal Appointment: The Royal Family and their Animals. Biteback Publishing. ISBN 9781849546492. Members of the royal family have been active supporters of various dog shows since Edward, the Prince of Wales, and the then Princess Alexandra entered a number of their dogs in the International Dog Show in London in 1863, when there were fifty-seven classes and over 600 entries. The support has never wavered. Among the animals Edward and Alexandra exhibited were two borzois, a Newfoundland, and Indian mastiff and a Russian retriever.
  11. ^ Secord, William (2009). Dog Painting: A History of the Dog in Art. Antique Collectors' Club. p. 358. ISBN 9781851495764. He first showed at the Royal Agricultural Hall Show in 1864 when he exhibited a Newfoundland, an Indian Mastiff, a Russian Retriever and a Harrier, all of which won prizes.
  12. ^ Littell, Eliakim; Littell, Robert S. (1884). Littell's Living Age. T. H. Carter & Company. p. 719. He has given a fair account of the large Indian mastiff, the same animal which the Assyrian kings employed in the chase of wild beasts; his small sheep and cattle may be even now seen in India, as in the little zebu; while his mention of a variety of iron, which, when fixed in the ground averts storms and lightnings recalls to our mind the lightning-conductor of modern days.
  13. ^ "Pakistani puppy penalised for traveling without ticket in Agra". Times of India. 14 January 2018.
  14. ^ a b c "Meet The "Bully Kutta"". The Huffington Post. 18 July 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  15. ^ ""Devastated" owner of dogs who killed defenceless beagle says sorry - but insists his pets have never been violent before". Mirror.co.uk. 23 November 2017.
  16. ^ Archit Watts (24 June 2018). "It's a dog's life". Tribune India.
  17. ^ "Punjab puts a leash on illegal dog fights, files first case". Times of India. 16 June 2018.
  18. ^ Simon Lennon (1 December 2013). "Warning: Here comes the Superdog - Fears as British thugs use animals bred to kill lions". Daily Star.
  19. ^ a b "Two-day livestock fair begins at Chappar Chiri". Tribune India. 26 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Pakistani Bully centre of attraction at animal fair in Mohali". Times of India. 26 October 2016.
  21. ^ Ajay Sura (16 February 2018). "Pakistani Bully in backyard boosts Punjab's macho image". Times of India.
  22. ^ Patrick Anderson (6 July 2009). "Book Review: Greg Iles Serves Up a Deadly Brew in 'The Devil's Punchbowl'". The Washington Post.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]