Bulunsky District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bulunsky District
Булунский улус (Russian)
Булуҥ улууhа (Yakut)
Bulynsky ulus location.PNG
Location of Bulunsky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 70°41′N 127°21′E / 70.683°N 127.350°E / 70.683; 127.350Coordinates: 70°41′N 127°21′E / 70.683°N 127.350°E / 70.683; 127.350
2010-10-01 02-27-36 DSC 0354 Boris.jpg
Bennett Island in the Lena River delta, a protected area of Russia in Bulunsky District
Coat of Arms of Bulunsky District.png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2009)
Administrative center urban-type settlement of Tiksi[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Settlements 1
Rural okrugs 8
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements[3] 1
Rural localities 9
Municipal structure (as of April 2012)
Municipally incorporated as Bulunsky Municipal District[4]
Municipal divisions:[5]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 6
Statistics
Area (June 2009) 223,600 km2 (86,300 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 9,054 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 55.9%
• Rural 44.1%
Population (January 2016 est.) 8,366 inhabitants[7]
Density 0.04/km2 (0.10/sq mi)[8]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+09:00)[9]
Established December 10, 1930[2]
Bulunsky District on WikiCommons
Population of Bulunsky District
2010 Census 9,054[6]
2002 Census 9,775[10]
1989 Census 17,257[11]
1979 Census 14,671[12]

Bulunsky District (Russian: Булу́нский улу́с; Yakut: Булуҥ улууһа, Buluŋ ulúha) is an administrative[1] and municipal[4] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the north of the republic and borders Ust-Yansky District in the east, Verkhoyansky District in the southeast, Eveno-Bytantaysky and Zhigansky Districts in the south, Olenyoksky District in the west, and Anabarsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 223,600 square kilometers (86,300 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a settlement) of Tiksi.[2] As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 9,054, with the population of Tiksi accounting for 55.9% of that number.[6]

Geography[edit]

The district is washed by the Laptev Sea in the north. The main river in the district is the Lena. Other rivers include the Olenyok, the Omoloy, and the Khara-Ulakh. There are many lakes in the Lena River delta. The Lena Delta Wildlife Reserve is located in the district.

Climate[edit]

Average January temperature varies from −32 °C (−26 °F) on the coast to −40 °C (−40 °F) in the interior and average July temperature varies from +4 °C (39 °F) in the north to +14 °C (57 °F) in the south. Average precipitation ranges from 150 to 200 millimeters (5.9 to 7.9 in) in the north and from 250 to 300 millimeters (9.8 to 11.8 in) in the south.

History[edit]

The district was established on December 10, 1930.[2] Initially, its administrative center was in the selo of Kyusyur. In 1957, the administrative center was moved to Tiksi.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Bulunsky District is one of the thirty-four in the republic.[1] It is divided into one settlement (an administrative division with the administrative center in the urban-type settlement (inhabited locality) of Tiksi) and eight rural okrugs (naslegs), all of which comprise nine rural localities.[2] As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Bulunsky Municipal District.[4] The Settlement of Tiksi is incorporated into an urban settlement, and the eight rural okrugs are incorporated into six rural settlements within the municipal district.[5] The urban-type settlement of Tiksi serves as the administrative center of both the administrative[2] and municipal[4] district.

Inhabited localities[edit]

Administrative[2]/municipal[5] composition
Settlements/Urban settlements Population[6] Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Tiksi
(Тикси)
2,756
Rural okrugs/Rural settlements Population Rural localities in jurisdiction*
Borogonsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Борогонский)
526
Bulunsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Булунский)
1,345
Bykovsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Быковский)
517
Siktyakhsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Сиктяхский)
287
Tumatsky Rural Okrug
(Туматский)
10
  • selo of Sklad
    (municipally, a part of Tyumetinsky Rural Settlement)
Tyumyetinsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Тюметинский)
757
Khara-Ulakhsky Rural Okrug/Rural Settlement
(Хара-Улахский)
522
Ystannakhsky Rural Okrug
(Ыстаннахский)
27
  • selo of Ust-Olenyok
    (municipally, a part of Tyumetinsky Rural Settlement)

*Administrative centers are shown in bold

Economy[edit]

Bulunsky District's stand at the fish industry fair in Vladivostok

The economy of the district is mostly based on reindeer husbandry and fishing. Tiksi is a sea port on the Northern Sea Route.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2002 Census, the ethnic composition was as follows:[citation needed]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Constitution of the Sakha Republic, Article 45
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ The count of urban-type settlements includes the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #172-Z #351-III
  5. ^ a b c Law #173-Z #354-III
  6. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ Sakha Republic (Yakutia) Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения по районам республики на 1 января 2016 года Population of the districts of the republic on January 1, 2016 (Russian)
  8. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  9. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 

Sources[edit]

  • Верховный Совет Республики Саха (Якутия). 4 апреля 1992 г. «Конституция (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Конституционного закона №1077-З №1035-IV от 8 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (основной закон) Республики Саха (Якутия)». Опубликован: "Якутские ведомости", №7, 26 апреля 1992 г. (Supreme Council of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. April 4, 1992 Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Constitutional Law #1077-Z No. 1035-IV of June 8, 2012 On Amending and Supplementing the Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).