Bulwer's petrel

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Bulwer's petrel
Bulwers petrel.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Procellariiformes
Family: Procellariidae
Genus: Bulweria
Species: B. bulwerii
Binomial name
Bulweria bulwerii
Jardine & Selby, 1828

Bulwer's petrel (Bulweria bulwerii) is a small petrel in the family Procellariidae, and is one of two species in the genus Bulweria (Bonaparte, 1843). This bird is named after the Scottish naturalist James Bulwer.

Description[edit]

This very long-winged petrel is 25–29 cm in length with a 78–90 cm wingspan. It has mainly brown plumage and a long pointed tail. It has a buoyant twisting flight as it picks planktonic food items from the ocean surface.[citation needed]

Roosting in a sea wall on Tern Island

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The species breeds in the north Atlantic in colonies on islands in the Cape Verde Islands, Azores, Canary Islands and Madeira groups, and across the north Pacific from east of China to Hawaii. After breeding, birds disperse to spend the rest of the year at sea, mainly in tropical waters worldwide. This species has been sighted in Europe as a rare vagrant to Ireland, Great Britain, Portugal and the Netherlands. It has also appeared as a vagrant in North America, with rare sightings far off the coast of both California and North Carolina.[citation needed]

Behaviour[edit]

Breeding[edit]

Egg of Bulwer's petrel
(coll.MHNT)

Nests are built in burrows, vegetation, cliff caves/crevices, and under man-made debris and onshore driftwood.[2] It does not excavate these burrows.[3]

The breeding season for Bulwer's petrel starts in April and May.[2] When breeding, it will always return to its previous nest site and mate with its previous mate.[3] Breeding pairs form colonies of 7,000-9,000 pairs during the breeding season.[4]

This petrel lays a clutch of one egg, although young and inexperienced birds will occasionally lay two eggs. The egg is beige-white and usually measures 42 by 30 millimetres (1.7 in × 1.2 in). Both sexes incubate the eggs for a period of 42 to 46 days. They will also both feed the chicks.[3]

Feeding[edit]

Bulwer's petrel is highly pelagic, and rarely found near land (except during the breeding season). Its diet mainly consists of small fish (such as sardines) and squid, with some additional crustaceans (such as crabs, krill, and shrimp) and plankton.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Bulweria bulwerii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Bulwer's Petrel (Bulweria bulwerii) - BirdLife species factsheet". datazone.birdlife.org. Retrieved 2016-12-11. 
  3. ^ a b c Hauber, Mark E. (1 August 2014). The Book of Eggs: A Life-Size Guide to the Eggs of Six Hundred of the World's Bird Species. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-226-05781-1. 
  4. ^ Luzardo, J.; López-Darias, M.; Suárez, V.; Calabuig, P.; García, E.; Martín, C. (2008). "First breeding population of Bulwer's petrel Bulweria bulwerii recorded on Gran Canaria (Canary Islands)—population size and morphometric data" (PDF). Marine Ornithology. 36: 159–162. Retrieved December 10, 2016. 

External links[edit]