This article needs to be updated.(August 2018)
|Dates||Labor Day weekend|
|Years active||1971–2019, 2021–|
|Founded by||City of Seattle|
Bumbershoot is an annual international music and arts festival held in Seattle, Washington. One of North America's largest such festivals, it takes place every Labor Day weekend (leading up to and including the first Monday of September) at the 74-acre (299,000 m2) Seattle Center, which was built for the 1962 World's Fair. Seattle Center includes both indoor theaters and outdoor stages.
Bumbershoot is produced by One Reel, a Seattle nonprofit that works to "fue[l] civic pride through signature experiences that foster growth & development of community and the arts". One Reel has produced the festival since 1980. AEG Presents, formally AEG Live, became "a producing partner" for the 2015-2019 festivals following great financial struggle of the local non-profit. The name of the festival was taken from bumbershoot, a colloquial term for umbrella, probably coined in the 19th century as a portmanteau of the words umbrella and parachute.
The early years
Bumbershoot began as a city-funded ($25,000 budget) arts and music festival called "Mayor's Arts Festival", also known as "Festival '71", held at Seattle Center on August 13–15, 1971. This event had a total attendance of 125,000 visitors. Amidst the local economic depression triggered by the near collapse of Boeing, the festival attempted to revive local spirits, and was the largest event held in Seattle Center since the 1962 World's Fair. Talk radio host Irving Clark Jr. chaired the fair committee, and avant-garde impresario Anne Focke used one-fifth of the budget for light shows (which incorporated lasers, still something of a novelty at that time), computer graphics, enormous inflatable soft sculptures by the Land Truth Company, and an electronic jam session. Other events included dance, theater, folk music, arts and crafts, art cars, body painting, a Miss Hot Pants Contest, amateur motorcycle races, and one out-of-town performer: country singer Sheb Wooley.
In 1972, "Festival '72", held on July 21–23, took in 175,000 guests. In 1973 the festival adopted the present name "Bumbershoot", grew to five days, and pulled in 200,000 visitors. National acts included Cal Tjader, Joe Venuti, and John Handy. In 1974 it grew again, to 10 days and 325,000 visitors. The festival opened with a "Renaissance Processional" for the kilometer or so from downtown to the center; Mayor Wes Uhlman and most of the city council participated that year, in roles ranging from clowning to reading children's stories aloud to, in the mayor's case, running the Lost Child Center. Another prominent Bumbershoot event from this era was the Bumbernationals Artists' Soapbox Derby, which continued into the early 1980s. 1975's 11-day festival was produced by Parks Department employee John Chambless, a former University of Washington professor of history and philosophy who had produced the 1968 Sky River Rock Festival, a Pacific Northwest hippie-era festival.
The late-1970s retreat
With declining government grant support, Bumbershoot tried to keep afloat on donations and sales of posters, buttons, and T-shirts, but poor weather hurt attendance some years and left the free Festival scrambling for more financially stable options. First, the festival retrenched on the number of days and on bringing in national talent. According to John Chambless, about 25 percent of the 1975 budget went to out-of-town talent; the 1976 festival was nearly 100 percent local and was cut to two weekends; in 1977, it was further cut to just Labor Day weekend; as it happened, in both 1977 and 1978, Labor Day weekend was rainy.
One Reel takes over
In 1980 the city brought in Northwest non-profit organization One Reel to produce the event; they have been running it ever since. A mid-1980s attempt by Seattle Center itself to wrest back control was overruled by the City Council.
In the early 1980s, One Reel worked with Red Sky Poetry Theatre (RSPT) which ran many of the Literary Arts aspects of Bumbershoot for several years. RSPT would hold competitions to determine the local talent that would read on the performance stage. This was a precursor to the Poetry slam.
According to its website, One Reel originated as a traveling show, "The One Reel Vaudeville Show" in 1972 and was founded by former One Reel president and CEO Norman Langill. One Reel has also operated Teatro ZinZanni, the "Summer Nights" concert series and "Family 4th at Lake Union" events.
As the One Reel Vaudeville Show, the organization had been involved in the event since its second year, 1972, but with their new role as festival producer came big change. Once again, the festival featured headlining national and international talent (acts that year included Emmylou Harris, Chuck Berry, the Art Ensemble of Chicago, Etta James, Clifton Chenier, Eugene Fodor and Martin Mull), but added an admission charge. Initially that admission charge was US$2.50 a day (although there was a "Free Friday", a tradition lasted for over a decade); as of 2007, it had grown to US$40 a day, and to $62 by 2013. Substantial new premium ticket offerings have also been introduced, including Gold and Platinum passes, full-event tickets providing guaranteed inclusive admission to limited-seating events and reserved VIP seating at certain live music venues.
The new formula featured world-class acts while continuing to ground the festival on a bedrock of Pacific Northwest talent. Record numbers of art and music lovers flocked to the multiple indoor and outdoor stages, galleries, and food, art and craft vendors. Artists such as The Eurythmics, James Brown, Spinal Tap and Tina Turner shared the turf with art oddities like the gigantic flying pencil, the Bumbernationals soapbox derby and robotic art. Although initially resistant to hip hop, in the mid-'90s Bumbershoot introduced some of the first large-scale hip hop shows ever held in Seattle, a tradition that's still very much alive. From the ashes of the grunge rock scene came a new brand of Seattle sound; influential alternative rock bands such as Sleater Kinney, Modest Mouse, Death Cab for Cutie and Grand Archives have played Bumbershoot. In the new millennium, international artists have included groups such as Baba Maal, The Grand Kabuki Theatre of Japan, and an Ethiopian youth circus. The One Reel Film Festival, held within Bumbershoot, celebrates American independent film shorts. Bumbershoot incorporated new arts forms such as poetry slams and break dancing as well as older arts such as circus, contortion, aerial, and street theater.
One Reel signed a three-year programming and promotional agreement in 2008 with AEG Live, one of the largest for-profit international promoters of rock concerts and large events. The deal allowed AEG to assist One Reel with booking musical acts and sponsorship but ultimately proved unfruitful for both parties.
As the region's largest single showcase for regional talent, Bumbershoot became a cultural tastemaker. The festival—which has become Seattle's longest-lived music and arts festival—paved the way for other Seattle-area outdoor events, festivals, and happenings. Many of these, such as the Northwest Folklife Festival that premiered at Seattle Center on Memorial Day weekend nine months after the first Bumbershoot, have become established traditions in their own right.
AEG Presents takes over
After several years of financial trouble, AEG Live took over as lead promoter in 2015, with One Reel providing supporting programming. AEG had previously taken on a secondary production role from 2007 to 2009 during which they experienced "significant losses due to rain and the Great Recession of 2009".
Contrary to their time as secondary producers AEG would now have majority control as One Reel was no longer a "financially healthy company". Because of this struggle Chris Porter, "Bumbershoot's music booker of nearly two decades", said that "this time [One Reel] had to bow down to the way AEG wanted to do things in order to get the deal done". In other words AEG kept the festival alive but would make the major decisions it didn't have the authority to do in the past.
Locals were worried that AEG stepping in would change the deep cultural significance the festival served for the city highlighting local creatives. Having experienced a similar situation in New Orleans, a Seattle local interviewed by The Seattle Times said that as soon as AEG began to produce JazzFest that the significance of the city's history and its culture fell to the background. Local artists were replaced by money making headliners.
Though there were concerns, the truth of the matter was that the local AEG team believed in Bumbershoot and Seattle. AEG "took over in 2015 after nearly a million dollars of debt threatened the festivals future". A source told Crosscut magazine that "local AEG staff thought the festival should be saved, and not because it represented a potential chance to make money".
After signing the contact with AEG, One Reel's founder Norm Langill met with Chad Queirolo and Rob Thomas of AEG's Pacific Northwest chapter. Langill reported to the Seattle Times that he had full faith in Queirolo and Thomas to take over Bumbershoot's operations.
AEG steps down
In November 2019, AEG Live announced that they decided not to continue producing Bumbershoot when their contract was up for renewal. AEG's Rob Thomas said the decision was "heartbreaking" as they initially invested in saving the music festival because they believed in it. This decision came after years of problems. Since Seattle maintains ownership of Bumbershoot, related problems arise such as unions, city overtime pay and police fees. The Seattle Center has also been under construction for the last several years which restricts the area available for festival use, most significantly, Key Arena. Industry experts have noted that "it was likely that AEG lost upwards of a million dollars each year it promoted Bumbershoot". 
In many festival-hosting cities, government funding - such as grants - has been organized as to continue the festival and maintain profits from tourism and tax gains. Bumbershoot has not experienced such economic profitability, and thus AEG chose to step down.
The future of Bumbershoot
In the fall of 2019 it was announced that AEG Live "declined to renew its option to produce Bumbershoot in 2020" following its five year run as lead producer.
What is next for Bumbershoot may be uncertain but this year off gives the festival time to regroup and decide what the best move for One Reel, The Seattle Center and the city is. Seattle has a deep history in music as the birth place of Nirvana (band), Pearl Jam, and Soundgarden and thus became the epicenter of Grunge in the 90's. Seattle has also brought music heroes like Jimi Hendrix, Quincy Jones, Heart (band), and Macklemore. Bumbershoot's struggle is not an isolated situation as several music festivals in the PNW have been cancelled in recent years. Washington's Sasquatch! Music Festival, and Upstream Music Festival, British Columbia's Pemberton Music Festival, and Portland's MusicFestNW have all been cancelled.
One Reel writes that "things may never return to what was once, but we are confident that Bumbershoot will return to entertain and amaze Seattle on Labor Day weekend, for decades to come". They explain that this break in producing the festival has allotted time for reflection on "the good, the bad, and the ugly". One Reel looks towards the future as an opportunity to "evolve into something new".
One Reel and the Seattle Center have agreed to collaborate in revamping Bumbershoot in order to bring it back to its roots and make a sustainable model for the future of the festival. Festival producers the Seattle community, and artists have all expressed the importance of Bumbershoot and its impact on the city. Chris Cornell, former lead singer of Soundgarden and Seattle native has said that playing Bumbershoot was "a career highlight". A bold statement from one of the founders of the Seattle Grunge movement.
2020 cancelled all live concerts caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The Golden Anniversary was deferred to 2021.
- Mayor Greg Nickels' statement, Bumbershoot 2007 program, p. 4. claims "North America's largest urban arts festival".
- Kathy Mulady and Debera Carlton Harrell, City looking to breathe new life into Seattle Center[permanent dead link], Seattle Post-Intelligencer, April 24, 2006. Accessed 4 September 2007.
- "About". One Reel. Retrieved 2020-11-08.
- "This Is the End of One Reel as We Know It". Seattle Met. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
- Cross, Charles R. "Bumbershoot's producer declines to renew contract, putting the festival's future in doubt | Crosscut". crosscut.com. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
- bumbershoot - Definition from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary
- Dorpat 1999 says it had a budget of $25,000.
- Mayor Greg Nickels' statement, Bumbershoot 2007 program, p. 4.
- Dorpat reports this number but describes it as "an estimate inflated, perhaps, with euphoria".
- *Miller, Tom (October 4, 1969), "A Melting Pot at Sky River Festival", Rolling Stone (43), p. 34
- Bumbershoot History Archived 2011-05-18 at the Wayback Machine, official Bumbershoot site. Accessed online 4 September 2007.
- Bumbershoot Tickets at Official Site Archived August 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Bumbershoot Ticket Sales, Accessed online 16 August 2008.
- Bumbershoot hopes new partnership will bring big headliners Archived May 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Staff, SW. "Encyclopedia of Bumbershoot!". Seattle Weekly. Seattle Weekly. Archived from the original on 2015-05-18. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Ganeshan-Singh, Padmaja. "Folklife Festival: A Memorial Day Weekend from Around the World". Seattle Globalist. Seattle Globalist.
- "This Is the End of One Reel as We Know It". Seattle Met. Retrieved 2018-12-02.
- Barros, Paul de (9/3/2015). "Bumbershoot under cloud of debt: Can AEGLive lift it?". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2020-10-17. Check date values in:
- Sep 4, Lester Black •; Am, 2019 at 11:27. "After 49 Years, Bumbershoot Faces an Uncertain Future". The Stranger. Retrieved 2020-10-19.
- "Bumbershoot". One Reel. Retrieved 2020-11-08.
- Paul Dorpat, Bumbershoot, HistoryLink.org Essay 1655, September 1, 1999; accessed September 4, 2007.
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