Bumble (app)

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Bumble
Bumble logo w bumble name.jpg
Developer(s) Bumble Trading Inc
Initial release December 2011 (2011-12)
Operating system Apple iOS (iOS 10.0 or later), Android
Type Social networking
Website bumble.com

Bumble is a location-based social and dating application that facilitates communication between interested users. In heterosexual matches, only female users can make the first contact with matched male users, while in same-sex matches either person can send a message first.[1][2]

Users can sign up using Facebook, and have options of searching for romantic matches or, in "BFF mode", friends. Bumble Bizz facilitates business communications. Bumble was founded by Whitney Wolfe Herd shortly after she left Tinder, a dating app she co-founded. Wolfe Herd has described Bumble as a "feminist dating app".[3] The app had 22 million users in November 2017,[4] and according to a June 2016 survey, 46.2% of its users are female.[5] According to Forbes, the company is valued at more than $1 billion.[4]

History[edit]

Whitney Wolfe Herd, the co-founder of Tinder, founded Bumble shortly after leaving Tinder.[6] Wolfe Herd sued Tinder for sexual discrimination and harassment and settled for just over $1 million in September 2014.[6] Amidst the media attention surrounding the lawsuit, acquaintance and Badoo founder and CEO Andrey Andreev reached out to Wolfe Herd via email, and the two met up.[7] Andreev suggested she get back into the dating space, and the pair eventually formed a partnership in which Andreev would receive 79% ownership in the company following an initial investment of $10 million along with additional investments and Wolfe Herd would serve as founder, CEO and 20% owner. As part of the agreement, the new company would also utilize Badoo's infrastructure and Andreev's consulting.[4] After the partnership was established the pair recruited fellow Tinder departees Chris Gulczynski and Sarah Mick to design the interface and help launch Bumble.[7] Bumble was launched three months later in December 2014.[8]

The app is headquartered in Austin, Texas and has 70 employees globally.[9][10] In March 2016, Bumble released BFF mode as a way for users to find platonic friends. After switching into the mode the app replaces potential dates with people of the user's same sex who are also looking for friends.[11] In June 2016, Bumble announced a partnership with Spotify that would allow users to connect their Spotify account to their profile to show their music interests.[12] In March 2017, the company announced it planned to launch a career networking app, Bumble Bizz.[13] In August 2017, Bumble partnered with the Anti-Defamation League in an effort to remove users who display hate symbols in their profiles.[14][15] In October 2017, the company launched Bumble Bizz which also uses a woman-first interface as an attempt to remove "the soliciting nature and sexism that exists in networking".[4]

According to Forbes, the company was valued at more than $1 billion in November 2017.[4]

Operation[edit]

Formerly, Bumble users were required to log in via Facebook when signing up. In April 2018, Bumble added an option to sign up using only a phone number, following Facebook's involvement in a controversy with Cambridge Analytica.[16] For users who sign up with Facebook, information from their account is used to build a profile with photos and basic information, including the user's college and job.[17]

Users swipe right to "like" a potential match and left to reject them.[18] In matches between a man and a woman, the woman must initiate the conversation of their matches or the matches disappear within 24 hours; either person in a same-sex match can reach out.[17] There are no options for users to identify as genderqueer or transgender, in contrast to competitors OkCupid and Tinder.[19] Bumble released a "backtrack" feature in 2015 that allows users to undo accidental left swipes by shaking their phones. Three free "backtracks" are provided initially, which are replenished every three hours. Users have the option to immediately receive a new set of three backtracks by sharing Bumble on Facebook, Instagram, or Twitter, although they are limited to one of these refills per day.[20][21] The app has features allowing the user to favorite conversations, sort conversations and send photo messages.[18][22] A "snooze" feature was added in September 2018, to allow users to pause activity and avoid using the app for a period of time.[23]

BFF mode uses the same swipe right or left platform as the app's dating mode and requires that a conversation is started within 24 hours of matching with a potential friend. Conversations started with potential friends are color-coded as green as opposed to yellow for dates. As the feature was rolled out, Bumble also announced that it would eventually release a dual-profile feature allowing users to curate a profile for dating or friendship.[24][25] In April 2016, the Bumble app was updated to combat ghosting. As part of the update, if a user is messaged after matching with a potential partner and doesn't respond within 24 hours the match disappears.[26] Before the update, men were allowed unlimited time to respond to a message from women which the company viewed as an uneven playing field. The update was also launched for same-sex matches, with either party allowed to initiate and the other having to respond within 24 hours.[27]

Bumble launched a photo verification tool in September 2016 to ensure that users of the app were the same people in their profile pictures. To be verified, users are asked to submit a selfie of them performing a specific pose; the picture is reviewed by a real person who ensures the user is the person in the profile pictures.[28] Bumble was the first dating app to include photo verification in the U.S.[29]

[edit]

In August 2016, Bumble announced the release of its paid service, Bumble Boost, which includes three premium features.[30] Bumble Boost costs £3.99/$9.99 USD a month and adds Beeline, a list of users who have liked the user; Rematch, which keeps expired matches in a user's queue for 24 additional hours; and Busy Bee, which allows users unlimited 24-hour extensions for matches.[31][32]

Users[edit]

Bumble had a reported 22 million users as of November 2017,[4][33] and 27 million downloads as of February 2018.[34] An April 2016 report by SurveyMonkey stated that 49% of users went on the app daily, and 46.2% of users were female.[5] Wolfe Herd has stated that within the app's first eight months it saw 5 million unique conversations initiated, all by women.[35] In April 2018, Bumble reported that 85% of users were "looking for marriage or a boyfriend/girlfriend", while 4% of men and under 1% of women were "looking for a hookup". They also reported that 25% of users had gone on a first date with someone they found on the app within the previous month.[36]

Bumble has also reported that its users spend an average of 62 minutes on the app daily.[37] In October 2016, the app launched new photo moderation rules that banned mirror selfies, obscured faces, and photos of users in underwear among others.[38] According to the New York Times, as of March 2017, Bumble had more than 800 million matches and 10 billion swipes per month and is the second most popular Lifestyle app in the iOS App Store.[13]

Reception[edit]

Feminist label[edit]

Bumble has been publicly hailed as a "feminist Tinder."[39][40] Its founder has confirmed this identity, calling the app "100 percent feminist," although she has attempted to distance the app from Tinder in interviews.[37][3] Wolfe Herd shared in an interview with Vanity Fair the concept behind the app: "If you look at where we are in the current heteronormative rules surrounding dating, the unwritten rule puts the woman a peg under the man—the man feels the pressure to go first in a conversation, and the woman feels pressure to sit on her hands... If we can take some of the pressure off the man and put some of that encouragement in the woman’s lap, I think we are taking a step in the right direction, especially in terms of really being true to feminism. I think we are the first feminist, or first attempt at a feminist dating app."[37]

In June 2016, Bumble posted an open letter to its blog and blocked a user for sexist behavior after he had an outburst at a female user who asked him what he did for a living.[41][42]

Reviews[edit]

Bumble has had mixed reviews. Reviewers have noted that "the time limit [for communications to be initiated by the woman] is really off-putting", and "Bumble's incessant push notifications are worded just dramatically enough as to be anxiety inducing." [43][44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Can Gay Men Use Bumble- The New Dating App?". The Rocky Safari. December 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Bumble Is Exactly Like Tinder Except Girls Are In Charge". TechCrunch. December 2, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Whitney Wolfe Wants to Beat Tinder at Its Own Game". Time. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f O'Connor, Clare. "Billion-Dollar Bumble: How Whitney Wolfe Herd Built America's Fastest-Growing Dating App". 
  5. ^ a b McAlone, Nathan (2 June 2016). "These are the dating apps that have the highest percentage of women". Business Insider. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  6. ^ a b "Report: Ousted Tinder Cofounder Settled Her Sexual Harassment Lawsuit Against The Company For 'Just Over $1 Million'". Business Insider. Retrieved 21 February 2016. 
  7. ^ a b "What It's Like To Found A $750 Million Startup, Go Through A Sexual-Harassment Lawsuit, And Start All Over By Age 25". Business Insider. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Bumble is a dating app where women take lead". Thestar. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Here's How Bumble Plans on Winning the Dating App Wars (And Why They Just Passed on $450M)". 
  10. ^ "Whitney Wolfe, founder of dating app Bumble, has had quite the year. She just can't discuss parts of it". Washington Post. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "Bumble Now Lets You Switch to BFF Mode to Find Real Friends, Not Just Friends With Benefits". March 6, 2016. 
  12. ^ Farber, Madeline (16 June 2016). "Spotify and Bumble Are Eliminating This Awkward Dating Question". Fortune. Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Jessica Bennett (March 18, 2017). "With Her Dating App, Women Are in Control". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2017-04-23. 
  14. ^ "Bumble Dating App Joins Forces With ADL to 'Ban All Forms of Hate'". 
  15. ^ "Bumble Joins ADL to Ban Hate on Date Site". 
  16. ^ Seppala, Timothy J. (16 April 2018). "You don't need a Facebook account to use Bumble". Engadget. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  17. ^ a b "Bumble Is Exactly Like Tinder Except Girls Are In Charge". techcrunch. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  18. ^ a b "Bumble: The Feminist Tinder? Women Reach Out First Within 24 Hours". Ibi Times. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  19. ^ Hubby, Kristen (19 February 2018). "Is Bumble really better than Tinder?". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  20. ^ "Bumble's New Backtrack Feature Lets You Take Back Accidental Left Swipes". techcrunch. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  21. ^ "I spent a week using five of the most popular dating apps — here's the one I unexpectedly liked the most". Business Insider. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  22. ^ "Bumble, The Sadie Hawkins Of Dating Apps, Introduces Direct Photo Messaging". Tech Crunch. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  23. ^ Hinchliffe, Emma (6 September 2018). "Bumble Adds Snooze Feature: 'We Aren't Scared of Damaging Our Bottom Line'". Fortune. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  24. ^ "I Tried to Find a New BFF on Bumble and Found Something Better". March 17, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Bumble Launches BFF, A Feature to Find New Friends". March 4, 2016. 
  26. ^ "Tinder Rival Bumble Blocks Despicable 'Ghosting' By Making Users Reply Within 24 Hours". April 13, 2016. 
  27. ^ "Dating App Bumble Just Changed for Men in a Major Way". April 25, 2016. 
  28. ^ "Bumble Will Soon Let Users Get Verified in an Effort to Squash Impersonators". September 22, 2016. 
  29. ^ "Bumble Wants to Keep You From Being Catfished, Launches New Selfie Verification Tool". September 23, 2016. 
  30. ^ "Bumble Boost, Bumble's New Paid Features, Lets You Match With People Without Swiping". August 24, 2016. 
  31. ^ "Bumble is Adding Paid Features to Help Find Your Perfect Match". August 15, 2016. 
  32. ^ "Bumble is Finally Monetizing With Paid Features to Better Help You Find a Match". August 15, 2016. 
  33. ^ "Bumble's Whitney Wolfe: 'I'm Worried We're Alienating the Good Guys'". 
  34. ^ "How Whitney Wolfe Herd Changed the Dating Game". Texas Monthly. February 2018. 
  35. ^ "How apps like Bumble and Hinge are making dating better for women". Market Watch. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  36. ^ Vitto, Laura (23 April 2018). "Bumble is out to prove it's definitely not a hookup app". Mashable. Retrieved 8 September 2018. 
  37. ^ a b c "Meet the Tinder Co-Founder Trying to Change Online Dating Forever". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  38. ^ Scott, Ellen (8 October 2016). "Bumble Has Officially Banned Mirror Selfies and Underwear Photos". Metro. Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  39. ^ "'Bumble' Dating App Is Essentially Feminist Tinder, And Here's Why You Should Download It". Bustle. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  40. ^ "Meet the 25-year-old woman who made a 'feminist Tinder'". Hello Giggles. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  41. ^ Hatch, Jenavieve (9 June 2016). "Dating App Defends Woman Who Dared Ask Man About His Career". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  42. ^ Belanger, Lydia (10 June 2016). "Why Bumble's Anti-Bullying Open Letter to a Male User is Totally on Brand". Entrepreneur. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  43. ^ "I tried 'feminist Tinder' and all I got was a bunch of weird push alerts". Fusion. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  44. ^ "Bumble Dating App Lets Women Make the First Move". iPhone Life. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 

External links[edit]