Buncheong

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Buncheong
분청사기 상감운룡문 항아리.jpg
Buncheong Ware with Inlaid Dragon and Stamped Design, Joseon Dynasty, National Treasure No. 259
Korean name
Hangul 분청사기
Hanja 粉靑沙器
Revised Romanization Buncheong Sagi
McCune–Reischauer Punch'ǒng Sagi

Buncheong ware, or Punch'ong ware is a form of traditional Korean stoneware, with a bluish-green tone. Pots are coated with a white slip, and decorative designs are painted on using an iron pigment.

History[edit]

Buncheong is a modern term used to describe Korean stoneware produced from the late 14th century and continued today.

Buncheong ware developed from the earlier Goryeo celadon inlay technique called sanggam and rapidly distinguished itself.[1][2] The style emerged in the early Joseon dynasty, largely replacing the style of celadon in common use. In contrast to the refined elegance of Goryeo celadon, buncheong is designed to be natural, unassuming, and practical.[3] However, it all but disappeared from Korea after the 16th century due to the popularity of Joseon white porcelain.[4]

Through a series of cultural and economic circumstances, Buncheong wares in its heyday were exported to Japan by practitioners of the Japanese tea ceremony.[5] After they were adopted by the Japanese tea masters, they started to influence Japanese ceramics. And from Japan, Buncheong spread widely and became known as Mishima pottery.

In the 20th century, elements of Buncheong influenced many artists seeking insight into Asian ceramic traditions, and Buncheong continues to inspire artists to this day. Today, some Korean artists are working in stoneware with Buncheong techniques. The development of Buncheong is described in the 2011 book Korean Buncheong Ceramics from Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art, published to accompany the exhibition Poetry in Clay in New York and San Francisco.

The National Museum of Korea houses a large collection of Buncheong ware, as well as the Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art in Seoul.[6]

Characteristics[edit]

Buncheong is characterised by the use of a dark, iron bearing clay, white slip for decoration and a clear glaze. Decorations can be white slip brushed on, drawing through white slip to reveal the dark body, iron oxide pigments applied with a brush and other methods all employing white slip on the dark body.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Koehler, Robert. Korean Ceramics: The Beauty of Natural Forms. Seoul Selection. ISBN 9781624120466. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "punch'ong pottery | Korean art". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 30 March 2017. 
  3. ^ Koehler, Robert. Korean Ceramics: The Beauty of Natural Forms. Seoul Selection. ISBN 9781624120466. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Lee, Author: Soyoung. "Joseon Buncheong Ware: Between Celadon and Porcelain". The Met’s Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  5. ^ Knapp J. Buncheong Ceramics. Ceramics Monthly [serial on the Internet]. (2012, Jan), [cited December 2, 2015]; 60(1): 24-25. Available from: Academic Search Complete.
  6. ^ "Seoul's best museums". CNN Travel. Retrieved 30 March 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Soyoung Lee, Seung-chang Jeon. Korean Buncheong Ceramics from Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2011. ISBN 978-0300155167
  • Masterpieces of Punchong (Buncheong, Punch'ong) Ware from the Ho-Am Art Museum. Ho-Am Art Museum. 1993

External links[edit]

Media related to Punch'ong ware at Wikimedia Commons