Bunclody

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Bunclody
Bun Clóidí
Town
Market Square, Bunclody
Market Square, Bunclody
Bunclody is located in Ireland
Bunclody
Bunclody
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°39′18″N 6°39′04″W / 52.655°N 6.651°W / 52.655; -6.651Coordinates: 52°39′18″N 6°39′04″W / 52.655°N 6.651°W / 52.655; -6.651
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County County Wexford
Elevation 52 m (171 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,012
Irish Grid Reference S909569
Bunclody town centre
Main Street in Bunclody

Bunclody (Irish: Bun Clóidí, meaning "bottom of the (river) Clody"), formerly Newtownbarry (until 1950), is a small town on the River Slaney in Wexford, Ireland. It is located near the foot of Mount Leinster. Most of the town is in County Wexford; a small area at the north end of town is in County Carlow. Bunclody has received a number of high scores in the Tidy Towns competition. The town is known for the "'Eileen Aroon' Festival" held during the months of July and August.[3]

The R746 regional road intersects the N80 in the middle of the Bunclody.

Name[edit]

During the 17th century, the name of the town was changed from Bunclody to Newtownbarry, but was reverted to its original name in the 20th century, following Irish independence. The change was made official by a local government order in 1950.[4]

History[edit]

Although a hamlet already existed here, Bunclody was raised to the status of a post town in 1577 by alderman James Barry, sheriff of Dublin.[5][6]

The town was the scene of the Battle of Bunclody during the 1798 rebellion.

In the 19th century, a small canal was made, drawing water from the Clody river, to provide drinking water for the town.[7] The canal still flows along the middle of the town's main street. During the Tithe War, 1830–1836, 'Newtownbarry' was the scene of a clash between locals and the officials of the Crown. Locals had become enraged by the seizure of property by the police and army to pay for the Protestant Episcopal polity. According to James Connolly, "twelve peasants were shot and twenty fatally wounded".[8]

In 1884, a metal bridge was built across the River Slaney upstream from today's bridge. It was built of iron from New Ross, and assembled in the bridge meadow beside where the bridge stood. This bridge was washed away in 1965 by a flood. The remains of the bridge were visible from the bank of the river for some years, until it was removed in 2007, during the building of a golf course beside the river. Redmonds bar on the main street is a public house in the town, and it is also a turf accountants office in the town.

Among the amenities of the town there are number of GAA and soccer pitches, an outdoor swimming pool (open 2½ months of the year), a hotel, and primary and post-primary schools.

Demography[edit]

Bunclody is among the country's most ethnically-mixed towns, with 10% of its population being Polish,[9] and 11% Irish Traveller.[10]

Bunclody-Carrickduff is a census town split between County Carlow and County Wexford. It comprises the town of Bunclody and the adjoining village of Carrigduff, and had a population of 1,863 at the 2006 census.[11]

Schools[edit]

The town has two primary schools: Bunclody National School and Carrigduff National School. There are two secondary schools. The FCJ Secondary School, and Bunclody Vocational College. The FCJ was founded by a French order of nuns in 1861. The school was a boarding school for girls throughout the 20th century. In the 1980s, the school accepted male and female day-pupils. The old boarding school was demolished in 2002. The school has several football, hurling and basketball teams, which compete at a national level.

Economy[edit]

The town was reportedly the "most economically depressed" town in Ireland,[12] Although this study was based on a limited number of variables which doesn't reflect the town's tourism offerings, including: Bunclody Golf Club, voted by the Golfer's Guide to Ireland as the 'Best Hidden Gem in Ireland',[13] the Millrace Hotel,[14] Clody Lodge,[15] or the award winning 'Sugar and Spice Deli and Bakery'.[original research?]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

The town is approximately 25 minutes drive to the M9 motorway.

Bus[edit]

Bunclody is served by Bus Éireann route 132 with 2 departures daily (one on Saturday) to Dublin via Tullow and Tallaght. 'Ring a Link' buses also serve Bunclody linking it to Carlow.[16] On Thursdays Bunclody is served by Bus Éireann's cross-country service from Rosslare Europort to Dublin via Carnew.

Until April 2015 the town was served by Bus Éireann Expressway route 5.[17]

Rail[edit]

Like many small rural towns Bunclody was never served by rail. The nearest station is Enniscorthy railway station approximately 23 kilometres distant.

In the early years of the railways there were plans for two railway lines to serve Bunclody: from Carlow to Bunclody and onwards to Enniscorthy as well as a Carlow-Tullow-Bunclody line.[18] However neither of the proposals advanced beyond the planning stage.

Golf course[edit]

Bunclody Golf and Fishing Club was officially opened in early 2009. The course is on the Carlow side of the town. The 18 hole course is set on 300 acres (1.2 km2) beside the river Slaney, and is home to Ireland's first on-course elevator, which links the 17th green to the 18th tee.

The great spotted woodpecker, Ireland's newest breeding bird, has recently been seen here.[when?][citation needed]

People[edit]

The artist Niccolo d'Ardia Caracciolo (1941–1989), is buried in Bunclody. The geneticist Cian Murphy, specialising in complex disease, grew up in Bunclody.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2011-06-20.  Listed as Bunclody-Carrickduff
  2. ^ www.cso.ie/census and www.histpop.org Archived 2016-05-07 at the Wayback Machine.. Figures post 1951 are for Bunclody-Carrigduff, a conurbation that straddles the Wexford-Carlow borders. For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee “On the accuracy of the pre-famine Irish censuses” in Irish Population, Economy and Society edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p54, and also “New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850” by Joel Mokyr and Cormac Ó Gráda in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (November 1984), pp. 473–488.
  3. ^ A History of Bunclody, Wexford, Ireland
  4. ^ S.I. No. 281/1950 — Local Government (Change of Name of Non-Municipal Town) Order, 1950.
  5. ^ Hayward, Richard. Leinster and the City of Dublin, Barker, 1949, p.108
  6. ^ Brewer, J. N., The Beauties of Ireland: Being Original Delineations, Topographical, Historical, and Biographical, of Each County, Sherwood, Jones, & Co., 1825, p.378
  7. ^ Bassett, George Henry, Wexford County Guide and Directory, Hibernian Imprints, 1991, ISBN 1-874238-00-6, p. 343-347 (original publication 1885)
  8. ^ http://www.marxists.org/archive/connolly/1910/lih/chap12.htm
  9. ^ Theme 2 - 2 : Usually resident population by nationality, 2006 Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. by Central Statistics Office, Dublin
  10. ^ Theme 2 - 3 : Usually resident population by ethnic or cultural background, 2006 Archived July 25, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. by Central Statistics Office, Dublin
  11. ^ CSO Census 2006: Table 5, Population of Towns ordered by County and size, 2002 and 2006
  12. ^ "Is this still the most economically depressed town in Ireland?". TheJournal.ie. 25 February 2016. 
  13. ^ http://www.theirishgolfblog.com/2013/06/inside-ropes-bunclody-golf-club.html
  14. ^ http://www.millracehotel.com/
  15. ^ http://www.clodylodge.ie/
  16. ^ http://www.ringalink.ie/index.html
  17. ^ http://www.wexfordpeople.ie/news/bus-route-cuts-reversed-31085684.html
  18. ^ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~irlcar2/Railways_Carlow.htm

External links[edit]