|Length||67.368 km (41.861 mi)|
|Existed||1966 – present|
Bundesautobahn 95 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 95, short form Autobahn 95, abbreviated as BAB 95 or A 95) is a motorway in southern Germany, supposed to connect Munich with Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
The A 95 is part of the European route E533 for its entire length. The northern part, to the Starnberg 3-way interchange is adapted to the needs of a large city (in this case, the road has been expanded to six lanes). Thereafter, the route runs with less traffic past the east side of the Lake Starnberg along the Alpine foothills.
Description of the route
Contrary to popular opinion, the Bundesautobahn 95 doesn't begin at München-Sendling-Süd (1), but in 1,7 kilometers (ca. one mile) southwest at München-Kreuzhof (2). The area in between, however, is a German Highway Code (Straßenverkehrsordnung) motorway, and therefore, it has the sign 330 (). The section is dedicated as the German Federal Highway Act (Bundesfernstraßengesetz) Bundesstraße 2. There are no truck tolls on this section.
The first kilometers, the A 95 is six lanes near the Munich metropolitan area, the motorway threading through the Forstenried Park (Forstenrieder Park). At the end of this stretch is the 3-way interchange Starnberg (Bundesautobahn 952 to Starnberg). From here the A 95 has four lanes. The A 95 cross the districts Starnberg, Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen and Weilheim-Schongau until the motorway reaches the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen. The Bundesautobahn 95 ends at a temporary junction in the south of Eschenlohe and continues past that point as the B 2. There is a connection to Garmisch-Partenkirchen and on to Mittenwald, Innsbruck, or Fern Pass.
There is no speed limit over large parts of the A 95. Only in the Munich metropolitan area is a speed limit set at 80 km/h (ca 50 mph). In the area of the Starnberg 3-way interchange a 120 km/h (ca 75 mph) limit was imposed until November 2007, ending a four-year trial period.
Relevance within the network of trunk roads
The A 95 is the only motorway that for the foreseeable future will not be connected to the German motorway network and therefore the A 95 has a more regional relevance. It connects the holiday region in the south of Munich with the state capital, and this section of roadway was placed in the Maxim magazine's Top Ten Roadways in the World for driving. The northern section between Munich and Starnberg is extensively used during the rush hour.
Before World War II a motorway was planned from Munich to Lindau. This motorway (Strecke 77) should be pass the Ammersee in the south. After World War II the plans were modified. Now the route was planned on the German side from Basel to Salzburg (Bundesautobahn 98) with a branch connecting Munich. The planning for the A 98 was stopped in 1980, due to the enormous cost, insufficient demand and lack of demonstrable acceptance. In Penzberg still recalls a partly built intersection of these plans.
The construction of the A 96 was begun in the 1960s in Munich. The opening of the first section from Munich to Schäftlarn in 1966. The next stretch opening in 1969 (to Wolfratshausen), 1970 (to Penzberg) and 1972 (till Ohlstadt). At this time the A 95 ended at a temporary junction in south of the Loisach bridge Ohlstadt. This bridge is the longest bridge in Bavaria (1315 Meter).
The last expansion took place in 1982 to the temporary junction in the south of Eschenlohe. The further construction to Garmisch-Partenkirchen was planned for 1960, however since May 2000 there is only an approximately four Kilometer (ca 2.5 Miles) long bypass of Farchant, though it is signed as B 2. The plan is to continue to bypass Oberau with a West-tunnel, the Auerberg tunnel and a connection to the B 23n towards Reutte and Schongau.
|Continuation of planned|
|Tunnel Auerberg (2000 m)|
|Tunnel Oberau (2995 m)|
|Already built as B 2 section|
|Tunnel (90 m)|
|Loisach bridge (120 m)|
|Tunnel Farchant (2326 m)|
|City entrance Garmisch-Partenkirchen|
Between the Schäftlarn and Wolfratshausen junctions is a rest area with a consistently managed service station on both sides of the motorway. In addition there are four parking spaces on both sides of the A 95 along the whole route.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bundesautobahn 95.|
- Bundesautobahn 95 – detailed route plan (in German)
- Detailed route plan of the former planned Bundesautobahn 996 section (in German)
- Autobahndirektion Südbayern (in German)
- autobahnonline.de (1940). "Autobahn–Übersichtskarte" [Motorway map] (gif–22kB) (in German). Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- autobahnonline.de (1966). "Das Netz der Bundesautobahnen" [The network of german motorways] (gif–37kB) (in German). Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Maruhn, Henning (1966). "Zusammenstellung der Verkehrsfreigaben 1966" [Compilation of traffic shares in 1966] (in German). autobahnonline.de. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Maruhn, Henning (1969). "Zusammenstellung der Verkehrsfreigaben 1969" [Compilation of traffic shares in 1969] (in German). autobahnonline.de. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Maruhn, Henning (1970). "Zusammenstellung der Verkehrsfreigaben 1970" [Compilation of traffic shares in 1970] (in German). autobahnonline.de. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Maruhn, Henning (1972). "Zusammenstellung der Verkehrsfreigaben 1972" [Compilation of traffic shares in 1972] (in German). autobahnonline.de. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Maruhn, Henning (1982). "Zusammenstellung der Verkehrsfreigaben 1982" [Compilation of traffic shares in 1982] (in German). autobahnonline.de. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Description of the proposed bypass Oberau on the homepage of the citizens' initiative (in German)