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Bundesstraße 1

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B 1 shield}}
B 1
Bundesstraße 1
Route information
Length778 km (483 mi)
Major junctions
Major intersections
 Netherlands N 278

Aachen region (Registration plates: AC )
(NL) Vaalserquartier border crossing
Crossing Junkerstr./Vaalser Str. B 1a B 57 B 264
Crossing Jakobstr./Lütticher Str. B 264
Crossing Vereinsstr. B 57
Crossing Adalbertsteinweg B 258
Crossing Monheimsallee/Peterstr. B 1a B 57 B 264
(4) Europaplatz

continues via A 544 A 44 A 61 A 46 A 57


Rhein-Kreis Neuss (Registration plates: NE )
(22) Neuss-Hafen
Josef Kardinal Frings Bridge (Rhine) 762 m
Düsseldorf (Registration plates: D )
Crossing Südring B 326
Rhine Tunnel 1931 m
Ernst-Gnoß-Str. in tunnel
Kreuz () Rheinknie Bridge in tunnel interchange  
Kreuz () Derendorf interchange B 7 B 8
Kreuz () Mörsenbroicher Ei interchange B 7 B 8
(21) Düsseldorf-Rath

continues via A 52


Mettmann district (Registration plates: ME )
(25) Breitscheid
Kahlenbergsweg/Lintorfer Weg
Mülheim an der Ruhr (Registration plates: MH )
Crossing Straßburger Allee B 223
Menden Bridge (Ruhr)
Frohnhauser Weg/Velauer Str. arrow above
(19) Mülheim-Heißen

continues via A 40


Dortmund (Registration plates: DO )
Motor road
Motor road
Kraftfahrstraße
Dortmund-Hombruch, WDR-ZVS
Kreuz () Zentrum interchange B 54
Märkische Str.
Kreuz () Dortmund-Ost interchange B 236
Stadtkrone-Ost
Psychiatric centre arrow down exit only
Dortmund-Aplerbeck
Dortmund-Sölde
Unna district (Registration plates: UN )
(51) Holzwickede A 44
End of the motor road
End of the motor road
end of motor road
(48) Unna A 1
Feldstr.
Crossing Iserlohner Str. B 233
Crossing Unna B 233
Soest district (Registration plates: SO )
(59) Werl-Zentrum A 445
Werl
Soest B 229 B 475
Bad Sassendorf
Crossing Erwitte B 55
Erwitte
Geseke
Paderborn district (Registration plates: PB )
Salzkotten
(27) Paderborn-Zentrum B 64 B 68

weiter über A 33


(26) Paderborn-Elsen
Motor road
Motor road
Kraftfahrstraße
Paderborn-Nord
Paderborn-Marienloh
Bad Lippspringe-Süd
Bad Lippspringe
Lippe district (Registration plates: LIP )
Schlangen
End of the motor road
End of the motor road
end of motor road
Teutoburg Forest / Eggegebirge Nature Park
Strothetalbrücke 393 m
Exit Horn L954
Exit Bad-Meinberg B 239
Exit Reelkirchen
Exit Höntrup
Blomberg B 252
Barntrup B 66
Exit Sonneborn
Hameln-Pyrmont district (Registration plates: HM )
Grießem
Weser Uplands-Schaumburg-Hamelin Nature Park
Aerzen
Hamelin B 83 B 217
Coppenbrügge B 442
Benstorf
Hildesheim district (Registration plates: HI )
Elze B 3
Burgstemmen
Exit Klein Escherde
Motor road
Motor road
Kraftfahrstraße
L460
Emmerke
L460
End of the motor road
End of the motor road
end of motor road
Exit Himmelsthür L102
Hildesheim
Exit Tannenweg
Motor road
Motor road
Kraftfahrstraße
Himmelsthürer Str.
Am Kupferstrange
Schützenwiese B 243
Exit Römerring
Crossing (Kreisverkehr) Berliner Str. B 6
(62) Hildesheim A 7
End of built-up area
End of built-up area
Hildesheim
End of the motor road
End of the motor road
end of motor road
Einum L203
Hoheneggelsen B 444
Landkreis Peine (Registration plates: PE )
Groß-Lafferde B 444
Diversion
Diversion
Vechelde local diversion B 65
Denstorf
Braunschweig (Brunswick) (Registration plates: BS )
(5) Braunschweig-Lehndorf A 391
Braunschweig (Brunswick) B 248
Wolfenbüttel district (Registration plates: WF )
Exit L625 Sickte A 39
Diversion
Diversion
Cremlingen local diversion A 39
Cremlingen-Abbenrode radio transmitter site
Abbenrode
Helmstedt district (Registration plates: HE )
Bornum am Elm
Helmstedt B 244 B 245a
(63) Helmstedt-Ost A 2
Börde district (Registration plates: BK )
Helmstedt-Marienborn border crossing
Erxleben
Tundersleben
(66) Bornstedt A 2
Irxleben
(3) Magdeburg-Stadtfeld A 14
Magdeburg (Registration plates: MD )
Magdeburg B 71 B 81 B 184 B 189
Jerichower Land district (Registration plates: JL )
Heyrothsberge B 184
(73) Burg-Zentrum A 2
Burg transmission site
Burg B 246a
Genthin B 107
Brandenburg (Registration plates: BRB )
Brandenburg an der Havel B 102
Potsdam-Mittelmark district (Registration plates: PM )
Groß Kreutz (Havel)
(22) Groß-Kreutz A 10
Werder (Havel)
Geltow
Potsdam (Registration plates: P )
Potsdam B 2 B 273
Glienicker Bridge
End of built-up area
End of built-up area
Berlin (Registration plates: B )
Glienicker Bridge
Berlin
(4) Berlin-Zehlendorf A 115
(5) Berlin-Wolfensteindamm/Schloßstraße A 103
(17) Berlin-Schöneberg A 100
(1) Sachsendamm A 103
Crossing Berlin-Potsdamer Platz B 96

together with the B 5 Ri.Müncheberg
Crossing Berlin-Alexanderplatz B 2 B 5
Crossing Berlin-Frankfurter Tor B 96a
Berlin-Friedrichsfelde B 158
End of built-up area
End of built-up area
Märkisch-Oderland district (Registration plates: MOL )
Dahlwitz-Hoppegarten
(4) Berlin-Hellersdorf A 10
Rüdersdorf bei Berlin B 5
Märkische Schweiz Nature Park
together with the B 5 Ri.Berlin

Diversion
Diversion
Müncheberg local diversion B 5 B 168
Diversion
Diversion
Seelow local diversion B 167
Seelower Höhen Memorial
Oderbruch
Manschnow B 112
Fort Gorgast
Küstrin-Kietz

 Poland DK22 federal road
Powiat Gorzowski (Registration plates: FGW )
(PL) Küstrin border crossing
Location
CountryGermany
StatesNorth Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Brandenburg, Berlin
Highway system
  • Roads in Germany

The Bundesstraße 1 (abbr. B1) is a German federal highway running in an east-west direction from the Dutch border near Aachen to the Polish border at Küstrin-Kietz on the Oder River.

History[edit]

The road developed from an ancient east-western trade route connecting the shore of the North Sea at Bruges with the area of Novgorod. A trade and military road was already mentioned in Ptolemy's Geography about 150 AD, parts of it formed the medieval Westphalian Hellweg trade route, vital for the transport of salt and crops, and the course of the Via Regia, the Ottonian "royal road" through the Holy Roman Empire from Aachen to Magdeburg.

From the late 18th century onwards, parts of the route were rebuilt as a chaussee, mainly in the area between Aachen and Jülich as well as on the nearby territory of the County of Mark, promoted by the Brandenburg-Prussian administration under Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom und zum Stein. Stein also concluded an agreement to extend the road via the territory of Imperial Essen Abbey for the accessibility of the coal deposits in Cleves. The road from the Prussian capital Berlin to the royal castles in Potsdam was rebuilt in 1792 and extended to Brandenburg an der Havel until 1799.

After Napoleonic Wars and the Empire's dissolution in 1806, the Prussian monarchs systematically expanded the road network, completing the chaussee between Berlin and Magdeburg in 1824, and between Berlin and Königsberg in 1828, reaching the East Prussian terminus at Gumbinnen (present-day Gusev, Russia) in 1835. In 1932 the major highways of the German Reich were numbered and two years later the Fernverkehrsstraße 1 was incorporated into the Reichsstraßen system. After 1945 the former Reichstraße 1 was split into Bundesstraße 1 in West Germany and Fernverkehrsstraße 1 in East Germany until 1990. The part east of the Oder became part of different polish Droga krajowa.

Route description[edit]

The road's western terminus is in Aachen, where it connects with the N278 in the Netherlands.

The road heads eastward through the Ruhr Area in the state of North Rhine Westphalia. Here it is identical with A 40. Leaving the Ruhr Area east of Dortmund, the B1 travels the more scenic route that shadows the A 2. Here it follows the old trading route Hellweg, crossing cities like Unna, Werl, Soest, Paderborn, Hamelin, Hildesheim and Brunswick. It then continues to Magdeburg, Potsdam and Berlin.

The road reaches Berlin's city limits at Glienicke Bridge and heads towards the inner city via Potsdamer Platz, Leipziger Platz and Leipziger Straße to Alexanderplatz. It leaves Berlin to the eastern side via Karl-Marx-Allee, Frankfurter Tor and Frankfurter Allee, joined by the Bundesstraße 5 for around 20 km up to Müncheberg, before reaching the Polish border.

The road's eastern terminus in Küstrin-Kietz is with Polish national road DK22 which crosses the country in an easterly direction.

Bypasses and upgrades

Küstrin-Kietz

Seelow

Müncheberg

Herzfelde

Dahlwitz

Freidrichsfelde

Berlin (Alexanderplatz, Mulhemdamm)

Steglitz (A103)

Potsdam

Brandenburg

Plaue

Genthin

Burg

Schermen

Magdeburg

Bornstedt

Helmstedt

Braunschweig

Vechelde

Hildesheim

Emmerke

Elze

Mehle

Coppenbrügge - Behrensen

Hameln

Aerzen

Bad Meinburg - Horn

Horn - Paderborn Expressway

Paderborn - L776 expressway section

Routed onto A44 from Erwitte to Werl

Soest (L969)

Werl (L969)

Unna - Dortmund - Bochum - Essen - Mülheim (Ruhrschnellweg)

Ratingen (A52)

Düsseldorf (Rheinufer Tunnel)

Neuss (A57)

Neuss - Aachen (A46, A44, A544)

See also[edit]


References[edit]

External links[edit]