|Length:||59.2 km (36.8 mi)|
|South end:||Austrian border near Garmisch-Partenkirchen|
Bundesstraße 23 (abbreviated to B 23) is a German federal highway (German: Bundesstraße) in Bavaria that runs from Peiting to the Austrian border near Garmisch-Partenkirchen. The road is partially a part of the “German Alpine Road” (German: Deutsche Alpenstraße). The B 23 which together with the Bundesstraße 17 and Bundesstraße 472 the quickest way from Augsburg to Garmisch-Partenkirchen, continue along the Bundesstraße 2 to Mittenwald, Innsbruck and the Brenner Pass.
The B 23 starts at the B 472 (bypass Schongau - Peiting) exit Peiting-south in the Weilheim-Schongau district and initially leads to Rottenbuch. This stretch was a few years ago in a poor state of development which have occurred some more serious accidents. In recent years, this segment has been expanded.
After the main through-road of Rottenbuch reaches the line the “Echelsbacher Brücke”. The 183 m long and 76 m high arch bridge spanning the Ammer. On the bridge there is also the border of the district of Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
The road pass Bad Bayersoien and reach Saulgrub. Currently being built a local diversion around Saulgrub to ease traffic congestion through traffic. In Saulgrub the B 23 meet the Ammergau Railway (Murnau / Oberammergau) for the first time.
It follows village Unterammergau. The road pass the local diversion of Oberammergau and reach Ettal. After the road cross the village, it achieve the “Ettaler Sattel” (869 NHN) the highest point on the route. The way winding along twisting road into Loisachtal. Here reaches the route Oberau and the Bundesstraße 2. The two roads run parallel to six kilometers (3.7 miles) towards the south. After the bypass Farchant separates the B 23 from the B 2 and runs in a southwesterly direction to Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
The most difficult part of this route led from Rottenbuch to Bad Bayersoien by Echelsbach gorge. Therefore between 8 November 1928 and 27 April 1930 Echelsbacher Brücke was built for ℛℳ 900 000 .
Former routes and designations
The Bundesstraße 23 arise from Reichsstraße 23 at 1949. At that time, the R 23 began in Peiting at the intersection "Schongauer Straße" / "Oberere Straße" / "Guggenbergerstraße" at the then R 17 and ended in Oberau at the junction with the R 2. With the introduction of the Bundesstraßen the B 23 was extended on Farchant to Garmisch-Partenkirchen. There they led to the B 24.
The Local diversion Oberammergau opened to traffic in 1989.
The extension of the route from Garmisch-Partenkirchen to the Austrian border at Griesen in 1991. The B 24 was integrate in the new B 23. The remainder in Garmisch-Partenkirchen municipality was downgraded.
In 1991, following the release a segment of the bypass Schongau - Peiting the beginning of the B 23 changed to B 17 exit Peiting-West. The main through-road of Peiting was downgraded to a state road (German: Staatsstraße). The relocation to the present location was made after completion of bypass Schongau - Peiting in 1997
In May 2000 the Farchanter Tunnel was opened.
Currently (March 2010) the following expansion in planning or under construction:
- Eastern local diversion Saulgrub (Progress since February 2009 under construction)
- Local diversion Oberau (urgent needs in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2003)
- Garmisch-Partenkirchen western local diversion with Kramertunnel (planning: an action against the zoning decision on 23 June 2009)
Between the St2059 (near Rottenbuch) and Garmisch-Partenkirchen, leads the “German Alpine Road” (German: Deutsche Alpenstraße) along the B 23.
Among the sights along the route:
- "Augustiner-Chorherrenstift" in Rottenbuch
- "Echelsbacher Brücke" between Rottenbuch and Bad Bayersoien
- with "Lüftlmalerei" decorated facades in Oberammergau
- Oberammergau Passion Play
- Linderhof Palace between Oberammergau and Ettal
- Ettal Abbey
The entire route is scenic. Put the divided:
- Alpine foothills (Peiting till Saulgrub)
- Ammergau Alps (Saulgrub till Ettal)
- Bavarian Prealps and Loisachtal (Ettal till Garmisch-Partenkirchen)
- Wetterstein with Zugspitze (Garmisch-Partenkirchen till Austrian border)
- Wasow, Carsten. "Die Bundes- und ehemaligen Reichsstraßen in Deutschland" [The federal highways and former "Reichsstraßen" in Germany] (in German). reichsstrassen.de.vu. p. B 11–100. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- Historischer Verein Oberammergau 1999 e.V. "Geschichte der Gemeinde Oberammergau" [History of Oberammergau] (in German). Oberammergau. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- Brandner, Joseph. "Farchanter Ortschronik" [History from Farchant] (in German). Farchant: Tourist-Information Farchant. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
Im Mai 2000 wird der Farchanter Tunnel eröffnet – die Ortsumgehung entlastet täglichen Durchgangsverkehr.
- Staatliches Bauamt Weilheim. "Projekte aus dem Bereich Straßenbau" [Projects related to road construction] (in German). Weilheim. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- Government of the Federal Republic of Germany (2 July 2003). "Bundesverkehrswegeplan 2003" [Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2003] (pdf–2393KByte) (in German). Berlin: Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Bau und Stadtentwicklung. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
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