Bundy Manufacturing Company
|Founders||Harlow E. Bundy, Willard L. Bundy|
|Fate||Merged into the Simplex Time Recorder Company in 1958|
|Parent||Simplex Time Recorder Company|
The Bundy Manufacturing Company was a 19th-century American manufacturer of timekeeping devices that went through a series of mergers, eventually becoming part of International Business Machines then Simplex Time Recorder Company. It was first time recording company in the world to produce time clocks, colloquially known as 'Bundys'. The company was founded by the Bundy Brothers.
Willard Legrand Bundy was born on 8 December 1845 in Otsego, New York, and died on 19 January 1907. His family later moved to Auburn, New York, where he worked as a jeweler and invented a time clock in 1888. He later obtained patents of many mechanical devices.
Unknown date: founding of Accurate Time Stamp Company.
Unknown date: founding of Chicago Time Register Company.
Unknown date: founding of Syracuse Time Recording Company.
1888: Willard L. Bundy invents the key recorder, applies it to time keeping for his employees.
1888: Dr. Alexander Dey invents the dial time recorder.
1889: Harlow E. Bundy and Willard L. Bundy incorporate the Bundy Manufacturing Company in Binghamton, New York, the first time recording company in the world, to produce time clocks. The Bundy Manufacturing Company begins with just eight employees and $150,000 capital.
1898: About 9,000 Bundy Time Recorders have been produced; advertised as solving "vexatious questions of recording employee time".
1898: A New Time Register, manufactured by the Chicago Time Register Company.
1900: The International Time Recording Company of New Jersey is formed, a merger of the time recording business of Bundy Mfg., its subsidiary the Standard Time Stamp Company, and Willard and Frick Mfg. Bundy Mfg. continues to manufacture other products, such as the Bundy Adding Machine (see 1905, 1910).
1901: ITR re-incorporates as a New York company.
1901: ITR acquires the Chicago Time Register Company, the first, "Merritt", autograph time recorder company in the world, and a manufacturer of key, card and autograph employee time recorders.
1903: The Bundy brothers have a falling-out, Willard L. Bundy moves to Syracuse where he and his son form the W.H. Bundy Recording Company - manufacturing a clock similar to the ITR manufactured clocks.
1907: Willard L. Bundy dies.
1908: ITR acquires the Syracuse Time Recording Co.
1910: "New York State Men: Biographic Studies and Character Portraits", Frederick S. Hills (ed), states that Harlow Bundy still holds the positions of treasurer and general manager of Bundy Mfg "now being engaged in the manufacture of adding machines, the time recording business having been merged in the International Time Recording Co., of Endicott, in 1901".
1910/11: Willard L. Bundy's son forms the W.H. Bundy Time Card Printing Co and is listed as the vice president of the Monitor Time Clock Company, Syracuse New York.
1911: Charles Ranlett Flint amalgamates (via stock acquisition)the Bundy Manufacturing Company, ITR, the Tabulating Machine Company and the Computing Scale Company into the new Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) holding company. Fairchild is president of the new company and will later be chairman. Harlow Bundy is vice-president of the new company. The individual companies continue to operate using their established names.
1916: W.H. Bundy/Monitor firm sold to Simplex Time Recorder Company.
1958: IBM and its predecessor companies made clocks and other time recording products for 70 years, culminating in the 1958 sale of the domestic IBM Time Equipment Division to Simplex Time Recorder Company.
Notes and references
- Willard L. Bundy Biography bundymuseum.org Archived 2013-05-28 at the Wayback Machine
- Annual Report of the Commissioner of Patents: For the Year 1891. U.S. Government Printing Office. 1892. p. 52.
- Engelbourg (1954) p.27
- American Machinist LXXXI No.12 (June 16, 1937) 481
- Seward, William Foote (1924) Binghamton and Broome County, New York: A History, Lewis Historical Publishing, II, 435
- "An Accurate Automatic Time Recorder". Scientific American. 66 (25): 386. June 18, 1892. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- Aswad (2005) p.11
- "The Manufacturer and Builder". XXII. Western. 1890. Retrieved March 2, 2018 – via Google Books. Cite journal requires
- The Office, Volumes 10-12, Sept 1892
- Engelbourg (1954) p.35-36
- Kane, Joseph N., Famous First Facts, Wilson, 1950, p.457
- "International Dial Time Recorder Clock". americanhistory.si.edu. National Museum of American History. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Machine Methods of Accounting, Section 1, IBM, 1930s
- "The 'Rochester' System of Time Recording", Scientific American, v.79.26 (December 24, 1898) p.404
- Willard & Frick Manufacturing Company (1898). Rochester Time Clocks. p. 6.
- "George W. Fairchild". IBM Archives > Exhibits > IBM's chairmen. IBM. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
- Aswad (2005) p.12
- The Railway Age, Oct 7, 1898, p.743
- Engelbourg (1954) p.33
- Engineering Magazine v.16 Oct 1898-Mar 1899 p.43 (Google p.1095)
- Acts of the Legislature of West Virginia: The Accurate Time Stamp Company change of name to The Standard Time Stamp Company, Feb 5, 1894
- Moody's Manual of Corporation Securities, 1904, p.1439
- Sobel, Robert (1981) IBM: Colossus in Transition, Times Books, p.11
- Commercial and Financial Chronicle, LXXXIV, No. 2171 (February 2, 1907), 274
- Engelbourg (1954) p.35
- IBM Archives: 1901.
- Oechsle & Boyce
- "Adding-Listing Machines". www.officemuseum.com. Early Office Museum. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- Binghamton Press September 14, 1904 New Adding Machine of Bundy Company
- Binghamton Press November 26, 1904 Description of Great Machine
- Engelbourg (1954) p.40
- This photo, labeled Bundy Adding Machine Co. and International Time Recording Co., Endicott, N.Y. shows the two companies side-by-side in Endicott. Bundy Adding Machine Co. is an error, it is the Bundy Manufacturing Company whose product is an adding machine.
- Moody's Manual of Railroads and Corporation Securities, 1921, I, 1298
- Aswad (2005) p.18
- Engelbourg (1954) p.36
- Flint, Charles R. (1923). Memories of an Active Life: Men, and Ships, and Sealing Wax. G.P. Putnam's Sons. p. 312.
- Bennett, Frank P.; Company (17 June 1911). United States Investor. 22, Part 2. p. 1298 (26).
- Moody's Manual of Railroad and Corporation Securities, 1912, p.3044
- For example, the last page of The Inventory Simplified Archived 2013-10-04 at the Wayback Machine, published in 1923, identifies the publisher as "The Tabulating Machine Company - Division of - International Business Machines Corporation.
- Rodgers, Williams (1969). THINK. Stein and Day. p. 83. ISBN 0812812263.
- New York Times, July 15, 1933 - Units of Business Machines Join Parent Company
- IBM Archives: Text of IBM's October 24, 1958 press release announcing the sale of its time equipment (clocks, et al.) business to Simplex Time Recorder Company.
- Aswad, Ed; Meredith, Suzanne M. (2005). IBM in Endicott. Arcadia.
- Engelbourg, Saul (1954). International Business Machines: A Business History (Ph.D.). Columbia University. p. 385. Reprinted by Arno Press, 1976, from the best available copy. Some text is illegible.
- Oechsle, Russell G.; Boyce, Helen (2003). An Empire in Time, Clocks and Clockmakers of Upstate New York. NAWCC. p. 185.
- Willard Bundy brief bio
- Harlow Bundy brief bio
- A Wonderful Clock
- The Bundy Museum of History & Art, Binghamton NY