Buner District

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Buner
Location in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Location in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
CountryPakistan
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
HeadquartersDaggar[1]
Government
 • District CommissionerShafi ullah
Area
 • Total1,865 km2 (720 sq mi)
Population
 • Total897,319
 • Density480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of tehsils4
Number of Union Councils27[3]

Buner District (Pashto: بونیر ولسوالۍ‎, Urdu: ضِلع بونیر‎) is a district in Malakand Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Before becoming a district in 1991, it was a tehsil within Swat District.[4]:1 The predominant language is Pashto, which is spoken natively by 96.6% of the population.[4]:33

History[edit]

The grave of Pir Baba

The Buner Valley lies on the Peshawar valley border of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It is a small mountain valley, dotted with villages and divided into four sub-divisions. The Mora Hills and the Ilam range divide it from the Swat Valley, the Sinawar range from Yusafzai, the Guru mountains from the Mardan Valley, and the Duma range from the Puran Valley.[5] During the 19th century the inhabitants rose twice against the British, but submitted in 1897.[6]

In April 2009, the Taliban seized control of Buner, after a brief battle with local residents. Strict rules were reportedly being enforced, including the elimination of video stores, bans on cutting beards, and the prevention of women from appearing in many public places.[7] On 29 April the government responded to the Taliban by sending the army to the region and dropping parachutists by helicopter.[8] By the end of May 2009, almost all of Buner was cleared of the Taliban.[9]

Education[edit]

The first public sector university, University of Buner was founded in 2017, There are many other public and private sector university campuses in Buner now, Abdul Wali Khan University, Government Degree College Daggar and many other.

Administration[edit]

Buner Tehsils[edit]

Buner District is currently subdivided into 6 Tehsils.

  1. Daggar
  2. Gagra
  3. Khudu Khel
  4. Chamla
  5. Chagharzai
  6. Gadezai

National assembly[edit]

This district is represented by one elected MNA (Member of National Assembly) in Pakistan National Assembly. Its constituency is NA-28.[10]

Election Member Party
2002 Sher Akbar Khan PPP (S)
2008 Istiqbal Khan ANP
2013 Sher Akbar Khan JI
2018 Sher Akbar Khan PTI

Provincial assembly[edit]

The district has three constituencies in the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa[11] and one in the National Assembly of Pakistan.

Constituency MPA Party
PK-20 (Buner-I) PTI
PK-21 (Buner-II)
PK-22 (Buner-III)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uncertainty rules Pakistan's Buner district" Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine, Radio Nertherlands Worldwide
  2. ^ "DISTRICT AND TEHSIL LEVEL POPULATION SUMMARY WITH REGION BREAKUP: KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2018-01-03. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-04-24. Retrieved 2018-04-23.
  3. ^ "Village/Neighbourhood Council". lgkp.gov.pk.
  4. ^ a b 1998 District Census report of Buner. Census publication. 98. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.
  5. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Buner". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 798.
  6. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  7. ^ Taliban Exert Influence in Pakistan: April 21, 2009
  8. ^ Pakistani forces seize main town of Buner district from Taliban
  9. ^ "90% Buner Cleared: May 27, 2009". Archived from the original on 2012-03-18. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  10. ^ http://ecp.gov.pk/GE.aspx
  11. ^ Constituencies and MPAs – Website of the Provincial Assembly of the NWFP Archived April 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°31′01″N 72°29′02″E / 34.5169°N 72.4839°E / 34.5169; 72.4839