Buner District

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Buner
District
Country Pakistan
Province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Headquarters Daggar[1]
Government
 • District Commissioner Shafi ullah
Area
 • Total 1,865 km2 (720 sq mi)
Population (2017)[2]
 • Total 897,319
 • Density 480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)
Number of tehsils 4
Number of Union Councils 27[3]

Buner District (Pashto: د بونیر ولسوالی‎) is a district of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Before becoming a district in 1991, it was a tehsil within Swat District.[4]:1 The predominant language is Pashto, which is spoken natively by 96.6% of the population.[4]:33

History[edit]

The grave of Pir Baba

The Buner Valley lies on the Peshawar valley border of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It is a small mountain valley, dotted with villages and divided into four sub-divisions. The Mora Hills and the Ilam range divide it from the Swat Valley, the Sinawar range from Yusafzai, the Guru mountains from the Mardan Valley, and the Duma range from the Puran Valley.[5] During the 19th century the inhabitants rose twice against the British, but submitted in 1897.[6]

In April 2009, the Taliban seized control of Buner, after a brief battle with local residents. Strict rules were reportedly being enforced, including the elimination of video stores, bans on cutting beards, and the prevention of women from appearing in many public places.[7] On 29 April the government responded to the Taliban by sending the army to the region and dropping parachutists by helicopter.[8] By the end of May 2009, almost all of Buner was cleared of the Taliban.[9]

Education[edit]

There was no public or private sector university in Buner till 2017. The first public sector university, University of Buner was founded in 2017, There are many other public and private sector university campuses in Buner now, Abdul Wali Khan University, Government Degree College Daggar and many other.

Administration[edit]

Buner Tehsils[edit]

Buner District is currently subdivided into 6 Tehsils.

  1. Daggar
  2. Gagra
  3. Khudu Khel
  4. Chamla
  5. Chagharzai
  6. Gadezai

National assembly[edit]

This district is represented by one elected MNA (Member of National Assembly) in Pakistan National Assembly. Its constituency is NA-28.[10]

Election Member Party
2002 Sher Akbar Khan PPP (S)
2008 Istiqbal Khan ANP
2013 Sher Akbar Khan JI

Provincial assembly[edit]

The district has three constituencies in the Provincial Assembly of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa[11]and one in the National Assembly of Pakistan.

Constituency MPA Party
PK-77 (Buner-I) Sardar Hussain Babak ANP
PK-78 (Buner-II) Haji Habib Ur Rahman Jamaat-e-Islami
PK-79 (Buner-III) Mufti Fazal Ghafoor JUI

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uncertainty rules Pakistan's Buner district", Radio Nertherlands Worldwide
  2. ^ "DISTRICT AND TEHSIL LEVEL POPULATION SUMMARY WITH REGION BREAKUP: KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2018-01-03. Retrieved 2018-04-23. 
  3. ^ "Village/Neighbourhood Council". lgkp.gov.pk. 
  4. ^ a b 1998 District Census report of Buner. Census publication. 98. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000. 
  5. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Buner". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 798. 
  6. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  7. ^ Taliban Exert Influence in Pakistan: April 21, 2009
  8. ^ Pakistani forces seize main town of Buner district from Taliban
  9. ^ 90% Buner Cleared: May 27, 2009
  10. ^ http://ecp.gov.pk/GE.aspx
  11. ^ Constituencies and MPAs – Website of the Provincial Assembly of the NWFP Archived April 22, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°31′01″N 72°29′02″E / 34.5169°N 72.4839°E / 34.5169; 72.4839