Gelora Bung Karno Stadium

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Coordinates: 6°13′6.88″S 106°48′9.04″E / 6.2185778°S 106.8025111°E / -6.2185778; 106.8025111

Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno
GBK
Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno, view from Wisma Fajar 2 - panoramio.jpg
A view of Jakarta's Bung Karno Stadium from Wisma Fajar 2, the headquarters of the National Sports Committee of Indonesia.
Former names Gelora Senayan Main Stadium (1967–2001)
Location Gelora, Tanah Abang, Central Jakarta
Coordinates 6°13′7″S 106°48′9″E / 6.21861°S 106.80250°E / -6.21861; 106.80250
Owner Government of Indonesia
Operator Gelora Bung Karno Foundation (formerly Gelora Senayan Foundation)
Capacity 76.127[1]
Record attendance 150,000
Persib Bandung 2–2 PSMS Medan
(PSMS Medan won 4–3 on penalties)
(23 February 1985)[2]
Field size 110 x 60 m (120.3 x 65.6 yd)
Surface Manila grass Track
Construction
Broke ground 1960
Opened 24 July 1962
Construction cost $19,500,000
Architect Frederich Silaban
Tenants
Indonesia national football team (1962–present)
Persija Jakarta (2008–2016)

The Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (formerly Gelora Senayan Main Stadium) is a multi-purpose stadium located within the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex, Gelora, Tanah Abang, Central Jakarta, Indonesia. The stadium is named after Sukarno, Indonesia's first President. It is mostly used for football matches and has a seating capacity of over 80.000 spectators, though it has been able to hold more than that during special matches. The final of the 2007 AFC Asian Cup was held in this stadium. This stadium is the 7th largest association football stadium in the world.

Name[edit]

Although the stadium is popularly known as Gelora Bung Karno Stadium (Stadion Gelora Bung Karno) or GBK Stadium, its official name is Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium (Stadion Utama Gelora Bung Karno), as there are other stadiums in the Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex, such as the Tennis Stadium and the Swimming Stadium. During the New Order era under the "de-Soekarnoization" policy by former President Suharto, the complex was renamed "Gelora Senayan Complex" and the stadium was renamed "Gelora Senayan Main Stadium".

History[edit]

The stadium under construction, April 1962.

Construction began on February 8, 1960 and finished on July 21, 1962.'[3] in time to host the fourth Asian Games which were held in Jakarta. Its construction was partially funded through a special loan from the Soviet Union. The stadium's original capacity of 120,800 people was reduced to 88,083 as a result of renovations for the 2007 AFC Asian Cup.[4] It is divided into 24 sectors and 12 entrances, and into upper and lower stands. The special feature of this stadium is the huge steel roof construction that forms a gigantic ring called temu gelang (joined ring). Other than to shade the spectators in all sectors from the heat of tropical sun, the purpose of this giant ring construction is also to emphasize the grandeur of the stadium.[5]

Events in the Stadium[edit]

GBK Stadium hosted the 2007 Asian Cup Final between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Other competitions held there are several Tiger Cup finals and domestic cup finals.

International[edit]

Tournament results[edit]

1962 Football Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
25 August 1962 -  Indonesia 1–0  South Vietnam Group A -
25 August 1962 -  Japan 3–1  Thailand Group B -
26 August 1962 -  Malaysia 15–1  Philippines Group A -
26 August 1962 -  India 0–2  South Korea Group B -
27 August 1962 -  Indonesia 6–0  Philippines Group A -
27 August 1962 -  South Korea 3–2  Thailand Group B -
28 August 1962 -  Indonesia 2–3  Malaysia Group A -
28 August 1962 -  Thailand 1–4  India Group B -
29 August 1962 -  South Vietnam 3–0  Malaysia Group A -
29 August 1962 -  India 2–0  Japan Group B -
30 August 1962 -  South Vietnam 6–0  Philippines Group A -
30 August 1962 -  South Korea 1–0  Japan Group B -
1 September 1962 -  South Vietnam 2–3  India Semi Finals -
1 September 1962 -  South Korea 2–1 (a.e.t.)  Malaysia Semi Finals -
3 September 1962 -  South Vietnam 1–4  Malaysia Bronze medal match -
4 September 1962 -  India 2–1  South Korea Finals -

1979 Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
22 September 1979 -  Indonesia 3–0  Singapore Group Stage -
22 September 1979 -  Thailand 1–0  Myanmar Group Stage -
23 September 1979 -  Singapore 0–2  Malaysia Group Stage -
23 September 1979 -  Indonesia 1–3  Thailand Group Stage -
25 September 1979 -  Malaysia 0–0  Myanmar Group Stage -
25 September 1979 -  Singapore 2–2  Thailand Group Stage -
26 September 1979 -  Myanmar 1–2  Singapore Group Stage -
26 September 1979 -  Indonesia 0–0  Malaysia Group Stage -
28 September 1979 -  Malaysia 1–0  Thailand Group Stage -
28 September 1979 -  Indonesia 2–1  Myanmar Group Stage -
29 September 1979 -  Indonesia 0–0 (3-1 pen.)  Thailand Second place play-off -
30 September 1979 -  Indonesia 0–1  Malaysia Gold medal match 85,000

1987 Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
10 September 1987 -  Singapore 0–0  Malaysia Group A -
10 September 1987 -  Thailand 3–1  Brunei Group B -
12 September 1987 -  Malaysia 2–2  Myanmar Group A -
12 September 1987 -  Indonesia 2–0  Brunei Group B -
14 September 1987 -  Singapore 0–0  Myanmar Group A -
14 September 1987 -  Indonesia 0–0  Thailand Group B -
16 September 1987 -  Thailand 0–2  Malaysia Semi-finals -
17 September 1987 -  Indonesia 4–1  Myanmar Semi-finals -
19 September 1987 -  Thailand 4–0  Myanmar Bronze medal match -
20 September 1987 -  Indonesia 1–0  Malaysia Gold medal match 120,000

1997 Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
5 October 1997 -  Vietnam 0–1  Malaysia Group A -
5 October 1997 -  Indonesia 5–2  Laos Group A -
7 October 1997 -  Malaysia 4–0  Philippines Group A -
7 October 1997 -  Indonesia 2–2  Vietnam Group A -
9 October 1997 -  Laos 4–1  Philippines Group A -
9 October 1997 -  Indonesia 4–0  Malaysia Group A -
12 October 1997 -  Indonesia 2–0  Philippines Group A -
12 October 1997 -  Vietnam 2–1  Laos Group A -
14 October 1997 -  Vietnam 3–0  Philippines Group A -
14 October 1997 -  Laos 1–0  Malaysia Group A -
16 October 1997 -  Thailand 2–1  Vietnam Semi-finals -
16 October 1997 -  Indonesia 2–1  Singapore Semi-finals -
18 October 1997 -  Vietnam 1–0  Singapore Bronze medal match -
18 October 1997 -  Indonesia 1–1 (2-4 pen.)  Thailand Gold medal match -

2002 AFF Championship[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
15 December 2002 17.05  Indonesia 0–0  Myanmar Group A 40,000
15 December 2002 19.35  Vietnam 9–2  Cambodia Group A -
17 December 2002 16.05  Philippines 1–6  Myanmar Group A -
17 December 2002 18.35  Indonesia 4–2  Cambodia Group A 20,000
19 December 2002 16.05  Myanmar 5–0  Cambodia Group A -
19 December 2002 18.35  Vietnam 4–1  Philippines Group A -
21 December 2002 16.05  Cambodia 1–0  Philippines Group A -
21 December 2002 18.35  Indonesia 2–2  Vietnam Group A 30,000
23 December 2002 18.35  Indonesia 13-1  Philippines Group A 50,340
27 December 2002 16.00  Vietnam 0–4  Thailand Semi-finals -
27 December 2002 19.00  Indonesia 1–0  Malaysia Semi-finals 50,000
29 December 2002 16.00  Vietnam 2–1  Malaysia Third place play-off -
29 December 2002 19.00  Indonesia 2–2 (2-4 pen.)  Thailand Finals 100,000

2004 AFF Championship[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
28 December 2004 19.45  Indonesia 1–2  Malaysia Semi-finals First Leg -
8 January 2005 19.45  Indonesia 1–3  Singapore Finals First Leg -

2007 AFC Asian Cup[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
10 July 2007 17:15  Indonesia 2–1  Bahrain Group D 60,000
11 July 2007 19:30  South Korea 1–1  Saudi Arabia Group D 15,000
14 July 2007 19:30  Saudi Arabia 2–1  Indonesia Group D 88,000
15 July 2007 19:30  Bahrain 2–1  South Korea Group D 9,000
18 July 2007 17:15  Indonesia 0–1  South Korea Group D 88,000
22 July 2007 20:15  Saudi Arabia 2–1  Uzbekistan Quarter-finals 12,000
29 July 2007 19:30  Iraq 1–0  Saudi Arabia Finals 60,000

2008 AFF Championship[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
5 December 2008 17:00  Singapore 5–0  Cambodia Group A 18,000
5 December 2008 19:30  Indonesia 3–0  Myanmar Group A 40,000
7 December 2008 17:00  Singapore 3–1  Myanmar Group A 21,000
7 December 2008 19:30  Cambodia 0–4  Indonesia Group A 30,000
9 December 2008 19:30  Indonesia 0–2  Singapore Group A 50,000
16 December 2008 19:00  Indonesia 0–1  Thailand Semi-finals First Leg 70,000

2010 AFF Championship[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
1 December 2010 17:00  Thailand 2-2  Laos Group A -
1 December 2010 19:30  Indonesia 5-1  Malaysia Group A 62,000
4 December 2010 17:00  Thailand 0-0  Malaysia Group A -
4 December 2010 19:30  Laos 0-6  Indonesia Group A -
7 December 2010 19:30  Indonesia 2-1  Thailand Group A 65,000
16 December 2010 19:00  Philippines 0–1  Indonesia Semi-finals First Leg 70,000
19 December 2010 19:00  Indonesia 1–0  Philippines Semi-finals Second Leg 88,000
29 December 2010 19:00  Indonesia 2–1  Malaysia Finals Second Leg 88,000


2011 Southeast Asian Games[edit]

Date Time (UTC-07) Team #1 Res. Team #2 Round Attendance
3 November 2011 16.00  Vietnam 3–1  Philippines Group B -
3 November 2011 19.00  Laos 2–3  Myanmar Group B -
7 November 2011 16.00  Singapore 0–0  Malaysia Group A -
7 November 2011 19.00  Indonesia 6–0  Laos Group A -
9 November 2011 16.00  Malaysia 2–1  Thailand Group A -
9 November 2011 19.00  Cambodia 1–2  Singapore Group A -
11 November 2011 14.00  Singapore 0–2  Indonesia Group A -
11 November 2011 17.00  Thailand 4–0  Cambodia Group A -
13 November 2011 16.00  Malaysia 4–1  Cambodia Group A -
13 November 2011 19.00  Indonesia 3–1  Thailand Group A -
17 November 2011 16.00  Thailand 0–2  Singapore Group A -
17 November 2011 19.00  Indonesia 0–1  Malaysia Group A -
19 November 2011 16.00  Malaysia 1–0  Myanmar Semi-finals -
19 November 2011 19.00  Vietnam 0–2  Indonesia Semi-finals -
21 November 2011 19.30  Malaysia 1–1 (4-3 pen.)  Indonesia Gold medal match -

2018 Football Asian Games[edit]

2018 AFC U-19 Championship[edit]

Other uses[edit]

Other than sports, the stadium is also used for other events such as national ceremonies, political gatherings, admission exams, religious affairs, concerts, etc. Notable events include:

  • The Grand Catholic mass led by Pope John Paul II, in October 1989.[6]
  • Khilafah Conference International, Time for Khilafah Leads the World. Organized by Hizb ut-Tahrir on 12 August 2007.[7]
  • The 100 year anniversary of Indonesian National Awakening day, 20 May 2008.[8]
  • The political rally for both of parliamentary and also presidential elections in 2004, 2009, and 2014.
  • Christmas event jointly organized by the Indonesia Bethel Church for the whole district since 2006 until now (only absent in 2012).
  • Indonesia Tiberias Church Christmas event for the whole district since 2011 until now.
  • Jubileum HKBP (147th in 2007 and 150th in 2011).
  • Mukatamar Khilafah. Organized by Hizb ut-Tahrir held on 2 June 2013 and in other cities in Indonesia earlier.[9]
  • Admission exams for thousands Indonesia ministry of health prospective civil servants on 3 November 2013.[10]
  • 1436H meetings and great marches titled "Bersama Umat Tegakkan Khilafah". Organized by Hizb ut-Tahrir held on 30 May 2015 and in other cities in Indonesia earlier.[11]

Concerts and shows[edit]

Date Artists Events Attendance
4 December 1975 Deep Purple N/A 150,000
21 September 2011 Linkin Park A Thousand Suns World Tour 25,000
22 September 2012 SM Town Live World Tour III 50,000
9 March 2013 Music Bank World Tour 25,000
25 August 2013 Metallica N/A 60,000
13 December 2013 Slank N/A N/A
23 August 2014 RCTI 25th Anniversary N/A
25 March 2015 One Direction On the Road Again Tour 43,032
11 September 2015 Bon Jovi Bon Jovi Live! 40,000

2018 Asian Games[edit]

Indonesia will host the 2018 Asian Games. It will be held in Jakarta and Palembang. Gelora Bung Karno is chosen to host 2018 Asian Games, as main stadium. Due to the age of this stadium, the government had planned to make an improvement for the stadium to meet the Asian Games criteria. As of August 2017, the progress of the renovation has reached 80%.[12] The stadium will accommodate the needs of disabled users.[13]

Gallery[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Pour, Julius (2004), Dari Gelora Bung Karno ke Gelora Bung Karno (in Indonesian), Jakarta: Grasindo, ISBN 978-979-732-444-5. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Events and tenants
Preceded by
700th Anniversary Stadium
Chiang Mai
Southeast Asian Games Athletics Competitions
Main Venue

1997
Succeeded by
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium
Bandar Seri Begawan
Preceded by
Workers Stadium
Beijing
AFC Asian Cup
Final Venue

2007
Succeeded by
Khalifa Stadium
Doha
Preceded by
Incheon Asiad Main Stadium
Incheon
Asian Games
Opening and Closing Ceremonies

2018
Succeeded by
Hangzhou Sports Park Stadium
Hangzhou
Preceded by
Incheon Asiad Main Stadium
Incheon
Asian Games
Main Stadium

2018
Succeeded by
Hangzhou Sports Park Stadium
Hangzhou
Preceded by
Incheon Munhak Stadium
Incheon
Asian Games Football tournament
Final Venue

2018
Succeeded by
TBD