Bungarus candidus

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Bungarus candidus
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Giftslang 'Oelar welang' Bungarus candidus TMnr 10006448.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Bungarus
Species: B. candidus
Binomial name
Bungarus candidus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms

Coluber candidus Linnaeus, 1758

Bungarus candidus, commonly known as the Malayan krait or blue krait, is a species of krait, a venomous elapid snake.

Description and Explanation[edit]

From Karawang, West Java, Indonesia

The Malayan krait may attain a total length of 108 cm (about 3.5 ft), with a tail 16 cm (6.3 in) long.

Dorsally, it has a pattern of 27-34 dark-brown, black, or bluish-black crossbands on the body and tail, which are narrowed and rounded on the sides. The first crossband is continuous with the dark color of the head. The dark crossbands are separated by broad, yellowish-white interspaces, which may be spotted with black. Ventrally, it is uniformly white.

An unbanded black phenotype also occurs in some populations e.g Bali [2] and reportedly in West and Central Java.[3]

The smooth dorsal scales are arranged in 15 rows, with the vertebral row much enlarged. The ventrals number 195-237; the anal plate is entire; and the single (undivided) subcaudals are 37-56 in number.[4]

Habitation[edit]

It is found in southeast Asia from Indochina south to Java and Bali in Indonesia.

Venom[edit]

In mice, the IV LD50 for this species is 0.1 mg/kg.[5] It has caused an untreated mortality rate of 60-70% on humans.[6]

References[edit]

  • Das, Indraneil (2010). A Field Guide to the Reptiles of South-East Asia. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 978-1-84773-347-4
Specific
  1. ^ Wogan, G.; Vogel, G.; Grismer, L.; Chan-Ard, T. & Nguyen, T.Q. (2012). "Bungarus candidus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Patrick Campbell (pers. obs.)
  3. ^ The identity of the Javan Krait, Bungarus javanicus Kopstein, 1932 (Squamata: Elapidae): Evidence from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence analyses and morphology. Article in Zootaxa 1426(1426):1-26 March 2007
  4. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume III. London. p. 368.
  5. ^ Tan, Nget Hong. "Toxins from Venoms of Poisonous Snake Indigenous to Malaysia: A Review". Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine. University of Malaya. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Clinical Toxinology-Bungarus candidus". Clinical Toxinology Resources. University of Adelaide. Mortality rate:70% 

External links[edit]