|Place of origin||Japan|
|Region or state||Korea|
|Main ingredients||Wheat flour, red bean paste|
|Similar dishes||Taiyaki, gukhwa-ppang|
Bungeo-ppang (붕어빵; "carp bread") is a fish-shaped pastry stuffed with sweetened red bean paste. One of Korea's most popular winter street foods, the snack is often sold at street stalls, grilled on an appliance similar to a waffle iron but with a fish-shaped mold. Red bean paste is the standard filling but many bungeo-ppang sold as street food are filled with pastry cream (called "choux-cream" in Korea), pizza toppings, chocolate and others.
The word bungeo-ppang is a compound of "carp (bungeo)" and "bread (ppang)". The pastry, however, contains no ingredients from its namesake fish or any other fish; rather the name comes from the shape of the pastry.
Bungeo-ppang was derived from a similar Japanese treat, taiyaki (baked sea bream), introduced to Korea around the 1930s when the country was under Japanese rule. According to the 2011 book Bungeoppang Has a Family Tree, bungeo-ppang began as a mix of Western waffles and Eastern dumplings, as the taiyaki itself was a Japanese adaptation of Western waffles introduced to Japan in the 18th century. The change of fish-shaped pastry continued, as the sea bream-shaped taiyaki became carp-shaped bungeo-ppang in Korea. Although bungeo-ppang's popularity did not last long, it found its way back into popularity during the 1990s with the retro craze in South Korea.
Recently, bungeo-ppang is seeing higher demand, so to provide information on remaining stalls, enthusiasts nationwide created a "bungeoppang map." Through Google Maps, users mark the stalls’ locations with brief reviews, prices and opening hours to share with others.
Bungeo-ppang batter is made of wheat flour, baking powder, water and/or milk, and optionally eggs. The batter is poured into a fish-shaped mold in the bungeo-ppang grill, an appliance similar to a waffle iron. Sweetened red bean paste with bits of broken beans and bean husk is added, and then more batter is poured to encase the paste. The mold is then closed to grill the pastry until it is golden and crispy.
Red bean paste in bungeo-ppang
Binggrae's Melona Waffle, an ice cream based on bungeo-ppang
Bungeo-ppang served in Gardena, California
- "bungeo-ppang" 붕어빵. Standard Korean Language Dictionary (in Korean). National Institute of Korean Language. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
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- Yoon, Deok-no (2011). Bungeoppangedo jokboga itda 붕어빵에도 족보가 있다 [Bungeoppang Has a Family Tree] (in Korean). Jeonju, Korea: Cheongbori. pp. 18–25. ISBN 978-89-965021-2-8.
- 박, 정도 (25 November 2012). "추운 겨울 붕어빵으로 온정 느껴 보세요". The Kookje Daily News (in Korean). Retrieved 28 April 2017.
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