Bunker Hill Historic District

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Bunker Hill Historic District
Bunker Hill Mill HABS MD1.jpg
Bunker Hill Mill in 1980
Bunker Hill Historic District is located in West Virginia
Bunker Hill Historic District
Bunker Hill Historic District is located in the US
Bunker Hill Historic District
Location Jct. of US 11 and Rt. 26, Bunker Hill, West Virginia
Coordinates 39°19′56″N 78°3′13″W / 39.33222°N 78.05361°W / 39.33222; -78.05361Coordinates: 39°19′56″N 78°3′13″W / 39.33222°N 78.05361°W / 39.33222; -78.05361
Area 14 acres (5.7 ha)
Architectural style Stick/eastlake, Other, Gothic Revival, American Greek Revival
MPS Berkeley County MRA
NRHP Reference # 80004412[1]
Added to NRHP December 10, 1980

The Bunker Hill Historic District is the center of the town of Bunker Hill, West Virginia. Today located on the road called US 11, the town was developed along the Martinsburg, West Virginia - Winchester, Virginia road. Bunker Hill served southern Berkeley County with three stores, six mills and five churches. It was also home to a significant African-American population.

Much of the land around Bunker Hill belonged to General Elisha Boyd, who built what amounted to an industrial village, with two mills, a brick-making operation, a cooperage and a store on part of his Edgewood Manor plantation. After General Boyd's death in 1841 his son John tried to develop the area as a town, selling some lots and building another store and a log house. The most southern lots in the town were sold to African-Americans, and represent an example of a segregated community in the post -American Civil War period, becoming known as "Black Row."[2]

Significant contributing buildings include:

  • Boyd's Store: A brick pre-Civil War house.
  • Jesse Brilhart Store: Built circa 1852 and operating as a store into the 1980s. It retains its interior furnishings.
  • North Music School: A two story stone building.
  • Boyd House: A two story building resembling the Bunker Hill Store.
  • Bunker Hill Methodist Church: A Gothic Revival church built in 1912.
  • The Parsonage: Late Victorian Gothic in style, with some surviving trim details
  • Mount Tabor Baptist Church: A one story frame building, located on "Black Row."
  • New Presbyterian Church: Originally built in 1854, it was heavily damaged in the Civil War. It was rebuilt in 1879 in the Romanesque Revival style.

The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Wood, Don C. "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form: Bunker Hill Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 

External links[edit]