|Type||Manx language primary school|
|Local authority||Isle of Man|
Bunscoill Ghaelgagh is a Manx-language primary school in St John's, Isle of Man. As of 2011[update] it is the only school in the world where children are taught their lessons solely in Manx and which allows children to learn the language fluently. Pupils may then go on to Queen Elizabeth II High School in Peel or to their catchment area's high school, where General Certificate of Secondary Education Manx is offered from the age of 12.
In 1999 a parents' society, Sheshaght ny Paarantyn, was formed with an interest in establishing a Manx-language school. That year they approached the Isle of Man's Department of Education with their request. The school opened in September 2001. At the time it had one class and shared premises at Ballacottier School in Douglas. In January 2003 it moved to its own building in the old St John's School.
The school won the annual Reih Bleeaney Vanannan award in January 2006 for its efforts in preserving and promoting Manx language, culture and heritage. It was presented by the then Speaker of the House of Keys, James "Tony" Brown, chairman of the Manx Heritage Foundation.
The school is considered successful and is part of the Manx language revival. After UNESCO listed the language as extinct in 2009, pupils wrote letters asking "If our language is extinct then what language are we writing in?", and the classification was later changed to "critically endangered". Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland (Ealish ayns Çheer ny Yindyssyn) is read in translation after 30 copies were presented to the Bunscoill Ghaelgagh by the Manx Gaelic Society when the book was officially launched.
The school itself refers to studies that have been made in Finland that demonstrate advantages from bilingual education. Researcher Aini-Kristiina Jäppinen examined the achievement of 334 pupils in 12 schools on 'content and language-integrated learning' programmes and compared them with 334 pupils studying only in Finnish. She concluded that a foreign language adds to the learning process and seems to improve results. According to Jäppinen, "When pupils have to conceptualise and grasp issues in a foreign language as well as their mother tongue, it will help develop an ability to understand complex and multifaceted relationships between various themes." The Finnish research used pupils who were studying three different languages (French, Swedish and English) and found that "the choice of (Second) language did not seem to have a major impact on performance" in a number of subjects including maths and geography. As the school notes, this conclusion is not universal to other previous studies. Studies at Luton University have shown that there can be a "trivial" delay in language development but the overall benefits in the long run outweigh this temporary disadvantage.
- Bilingual education
- Gaelic medium education – Scottish Gaelic medium education
- Gaelscoil – Irish medium education
- Language nest
- "A Miscellany on the History, Culture and Language of the Isle of Man" Archived 18 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Skeealyn Vannin, Journal of the Genealogical Society of Ireland, Vol. 7, No. 2 (2006)
- "History of The Bunscoill Ghaelgagh" Archived 25 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Isle of Man Schools, August 2007. Accessed 4 January 2006
- "Honour for History-Making School" Archived 2012-08-04 at Archive.today, Isle of Man Today, 26 January 2006
- Ogmios 46 Foundation for Endangered Languages (Dec 2001) ISSN 1471-0382
- "It's a good time to learn Manx Gaelic" Eoin Ó Conchúir, Learn Irish Gaelic, 17 November 2009
-  Manx School celebrates
- "Isle's Gaelic heritage celebrated", BBC News, 4 November 2005
- "Islanders celebrate Manx language", BBC News, 31 October 2005
- Sarah Whitehead, "How the Manx language came back from the dead", The Guardian, 2 April 2015
- "Manx Translation Is Wonder To Behold" Archived 2012-09-05 at Archive.today, Isle of Man Today, 22 December 2006
- Results look better in English, Times Education Supplement, 9 January 2004
- "Two languages are better than one", The Guardian, 3 March 2004