Bunte

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Bunte
Logo Bunte.svg
Bunte cover 1999 30.png
sample cover of Bunte
Editor-in-ChiefRobert Pölzer[1]
FrequencyWeekly
Circulation468,710 (02/2017)
PublisherHubert Burda Media
Year founded1948; 71 years ago (1948)
CountryGermany
Based inMunich
LanguageGerman
Websitewww.bunte.de

The Bunte (company's preferred spelling in capital letters) is a German-language people magazine published by Hubert Burda Media.[2] The first edition was published in 1948 under the name Das Ufer.[3] Under the leadership of Hubert Burda, the Bunte developed into a modern popular magazine.[4][5] Today, the Bunte has one of the highest circulations of all German publications and is one of the most popular media brands in the Group.[6] After Patricia Riekel stepped down, Robert Pölzer took over as Editor-in-Chief in July 2016.[7]

History[edit]

After the end of WWII, the French authorities commissioned ex-Nazi publisher Franz Burda to come up with an illustrated magazine and, following their request, he released the first edition in 1948 under the name Das Ufer.[8] Whereas the editorial section was initially provided by the French authorities, an independent editorial team emerged at the end of the 1950s. From the beginning, the magazine reported on a wide variety of events in society.[3] In 1953, marking the coronation of Elisabeth II, a special issue was produced with a circulation of 100,000 copies.[8] Franz Burda had previously taken out a loan to purchase the photo copyrights (against the will of his family).[9] In 1954, Das Ufer changed its name to Bunte Illustrierte, reflecting a key element of large-format photo series in the center of the publication, which were already printed in color.[10]

In the 1950s and 1960s, Bunte developed into one of the most widely-distributed German popular magazines.[11] Acquisitions also played a role in the expansion of the magazine: In 1958, the Deutsche Illustrierte was taken over. In 1960, the Münchner Illustrierte, with a circulation of some 500,000 copies, was added to the portfolio, so that the Bunte Münchner Illustrierte first surpassed the one million mark at the beginning of 1961. In addition, the publishing company bought the traditional Frankfurter Illustrierte in 1963, which was also merged into the Bunte.[12] From then on, the publication was called Bunte Münchner Frankfurter Illustrierte.[13] Beyond focus on high Society, in the 1960s the Bunte more and more frequently featured topics such as post-War rebuilding, cinema films and music.[3] The magazine attracted major attention, for example, with a photo series about the Iron Curtain.[14]

In July 1972, the Bunte Illustrierte first appeared under the abbreviated name of the Bunte.[15] In the years that followed, the magazine was shaped above all by Hubert Burda, who started out in 1974 as an editor at the Bunte. Two years later, he took over the position as Editor-in-Chief from Bernd Ruland.[16] Under his management, the magazine developed into a modern popular magazine for middle class society,[17][18] and by the mid-1970s, the Bunte had grown to become Germany's bestselling magazine.[8] In 1983, Burda-Verlag unveiled its new headquarters at Arabellapark in Munich.[19] That same year, various editorial teams, including the Bunte, moved from main headquarters in Offenburg to the Bavarian state capital.[20]

In 1985, Burda-Verlag purchased from Rolf Mengele the handwritten notes of his father, Josef Mengele, which consisted of several thousand pages, for one million Deutsche Marks,[21] which resulted in the Bunte's publishing a series of articles on the notorious doctor from the Auschwitz concentration camp,[22] who was among the perpetrators of gruesome medical experiments on live human beings.[21] The Burda-Verlag did not pay royalties from reprints to Rolf Mengele, instead they went to the survivors of Auschwitz and their dependents.[23]

After the death of Franz Burda in the year 1986, the Burda Group was reorganized.[24] Hubert Burda transitioned from Editor-in-Chief of the Bunte into the position of publisher.[25] His designated successor was initially Peter Boenisch,[26] who, however, already had to relinquish this position at the end of 1986,[27][28] among other reasons, owing to differences concerning the future direction of the publication and the losses into the millions incurred by the Bunte.[29] At the end of 1986, Lothar Strobach was ultimately appointed as the magazine's new Editor-in-Chief,[28] and Franz Josef Wagner took on the role as co-editor in 1989.[30] After Strobach left the Burda-Verlag in 1994, Wagner remained Editor-in-Chief until the end of 1996.[31] His tenure was only interrupted by an intermezzo of Editor-in-Chief Beate Wedekind, who only lasted one year from 1992/1993 as editorial head of the Bunte, however.[32]

After Wagner was forced to step down due to faltering circulation,[33] Axel Thorer was initially under consideration for Editor-in-Chief at the Bunte.[32] Finally, however, Patricia Riekel took over the management of the magazine in January 1997,[34] and with the beginning of her tenure, the cover of the Bunte for the first time featured a politician, Gerhard Schröder. From then on, politics became an integral part of the publication.[35] An additional example for this is the publication of Defense Minister Rudolf Scharping's vacation photos at a time shortly before Germany's armed forces, the Bundeswehr, faced a deployment abroad.[36] Instead of nobility, Riekel put a spotlight on the so-called "new elites",[37] positioning the Bunte as a magazine for women with "time, money and a desire for high-end gossip."[38] The circulation of the Bunte stabilized and in 2001 even reached a new record.[39][40]

Under the leadership of Riekel, the magazine developed into one of Germany's most "enigmatic media brands".[41] In 2001, the Berlin daily, Der Tagesspiegel, declared that the Bunte was the new "key medium of our Republic".[42] Whereas other magazines were struggling to make ends meet, the Bunte was able to expand its market share.[43] The publication moved into the center of the so-called "Burda People Group",[44] which later also included the magazines Amica and Tomorrow.[45] In 2002, the Bunte launched its first website in cooperation with T-Online.[46] By contrast, "Bunte TV" was unsuccessful: The magazine aired on ARD was cancelled after only six shows due to low ratings.[47][48] In 2003, Burda-Verlag invested several million in the relaunch of the Bunte, including better paper quality and a more modern layout.[49] Despite declining circulation, the Bunte was a business success in the years that followed. Together with Focus, the Bunte achieved the lion's share of its publisher's profits.[50]

In 2016, Patricia Riekel left the publication after 1,000 issues of the Bunte.[51] Since then Editor-in-chief Robert Pölzer has been at the helm of the people magazine.[52]

Circulation[edit]

The Bunte is one of the most popular media brands of Hubert Burda Media.[53] Like other magazines, however, it saw its reach diminished in recent years. Paid circulation has declined by 31.3 percent since 1998 and is currently 468,710 copies. The share of subscriptions is at around 19.1 percent.[54]

Criticism[edit]

The Bunte was repeatedly embroiled in court cases with celebrities. In 1995, for example, Caroline, Princess of Hanover, won what up to that time was the largest-ever award for damages for pain and suffering in the history of the German press before the Higher Regional Court of Hamburg, because the Bunte had published a totally fabricated interview with her.[55] The interview contained numerous untruthful details on her private life.[56] The Bunte's chief editorial staff's counterargument was that they had been duped by an outside agency, which had sold the interview to the publication.[57][58] In 1996, Tom Cruise sued the Bunte for damages because it wrongly quoted him in an interview as allegedly being "sterile".[59] The Deputy Editor-in-chief Günter Stampf, who had manipulated the interview, was then forced to leave the publishing company.[60] The Bunte apologized to Cruise, who subsequently dropped the lawsuit.[61]

In 2008, the German Press Council reprimanded the Bunte due to a violation of the German Press Code.[62] The publication had run an article on a new car model and, as the German Press Council determined, exceeded the bounds of hidden advertising for the new product.[63] In 2010, the magazine Stern published an exposé reporting that the Bunte had hired an external agency to spy on the private lives of certain politicians.[64] As a result, one of the persons affected, the former SPD Chairman Franz Müntefering, publicly reprimanded the Bunte for its working practices.[65] In 2011, prior to the beginning of the Kachelmann trial, the Bunte published an interview with the moderator's ex-girlfriend, who in exchange is said to have received remuneration of 50,000 Euros.[66][67] While Kachelmann's defense lawyer raised the topic of the agreement before court, Burda-Verlag rejected the criticism. In 2013, the former German Federal President Christian Wulff filed for a preliminary injunction against the Bunte.[68] The District Court of Cologne forbade the magazine to create the impression that Wulff allegedly had a relationship with a music manager.[69][70]

The Bunte, in turn, did manage to come up on top in some court cases. In 2010, for example, Charlotte Casiraghi lost a case against the publication. The daughter of Caroline, Princess of Hanover, had originally taken action against the publication of party photos.[71][72] In 2016, Günther Jauch lost a legal dispute in the last instance concerning the Bunte's reporting on his wedding.[73] Günther Jauch's lawyer alleged that the television host's privacy had been violated.[74][75] The European Court of Human Rights could discover no violation of rights, however. It held that the German courts had carefully weighed the right to privacy against the informational interest of the public.[76]

Notes & references[edit]

  1. ^ "Robert Pölzer wird zum 1. Juli neuer Chefredakteur von Bunte". Meedia (in German). 5 April 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  2. ^ "Deutschlands erfolgreichstes People-Magazin" (in German). Hubert Burda Media. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  3. ^ a b c "60 Jahre Bunte", Bunte (in German), 27 March 2008
  4. ^ Bernward Loheide (9 February 2015), "Der Mann hinter den bunten Blättern", Reutlinger General-Anzeiger (in German)
  5. ^ Ulrike Simon (12 May 2016), "Das Projekt des Verlegers", Horizont (in German), p. 12
  6. ^ Jens Schröder (18 September 2014). "Deutschlands populärste Medienmarken: Bild und Apotheken Umschau". Meedia (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  7. ^ Petra Schwegler (5 April 2016). "Robert Pölzer löst Riekel als Bunte-Chef ab". Werben & Verkaufen (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  8. ^ a b c "Macht und Pracht der bunten Bilder", Die Zeit (in German), 26 November 1982, retrieved 6 January 2017
  9. ^ "Hasardeur Burda", Kress Report (in German), p. 34, 3 September 2010
  10. ^ Peter Köpf (22 February 2003), "Der herrliche Franz", Die Tageszeitung (in German), p. 6
  11. ^ Insa Sjurts (1996), Die deutsche Medienbranche: Eine unternehmensstrategische Analyse (in German), Wiesbaden: Springer Gabler, p. 87, ISBN 978-3-322-96462-5
  12. ^ Gisela Freisinger (2005), Hubert Burda: Der Medienfürst (in German), Frankfurt am Main: Campus, p. 416, ISBN 978-3-593-40087-7
  13. ^ "Lieber Farah", Der Spiegel (in German), 26 December 1962, retrieved 6 January 2017
  14. ^ Sabine Hilgenstock, Die Geschichte der Bunten (1948–1988): Die Entwicklung einer illustrierten Wochenzeitschrift mit einer Chronik dieser Zeitschriftengattung (in German), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, p. 136, ISBN 3-631-45216-0
  15. ^ Gisela Freisinger (2005), Hubert Burda: Der Medienfürst (in German), Frankfurt am Main: Campus, p. 418, ISBN 978-3-593-40087-7
  16. ^ "Widersprüchliche Welten in Balance gehalten", Badische Zeitung (in German), 9 November 2012, retrieved 6 January 2017
  17. ^ Stephan Sattler. "Ein Leben zwischen Verlag, Kunst und Innovation". Focus Online (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  18. ^ Hans-Jürgen Jakobs (8 November 2012). "That's new, Pussycat". Süddeutsche Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  19. ^ Sabine Hilgenstock, Die Geschichte der Bunten (1948–1988): Die Entwicklung einer illustrierten Wochenzeitschrift mit einer Chronik dieser Zeitschriftengattung (in German), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, p. 171, ISBN 3-631-45216-0
  20. ^ Markus Plate, Torsten Groth, Volker Ackermann, Arist von Schlippe (2011), Große deutsche Familienunternehmen: Generationenfolge, Familienstrategie und Unternehmensentwicklung (in German), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, p. 307, ISBN 978-3-525-40338-9CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  21. ^ a b Hermann G. Abmayr (21 January 2015), "Der lange Schatten des KZ-Arztes", Kontext (in German), retrieved 6 January 2017
  22. ^ Volker Hage (20 March 1987), "Plagiat?", Die Zeit (in German), retrieved 6 January 2017
  23. ^ "Nachrichten und Berichte", Bonner General-Anzeiger (in German), p. 29, 19 June 1985
  24. ^ "Teile und herrsche", WirtschaftsWoche (in German), p. 80, 9 January 1987
  25. ^ "Aus dem Schatten", Der Spiegel (in German), 29 December 1986, retrieved 6 January 2017
  26. ^ Gisela Freisinger (2005), Hubert Burda: Der Medienfürst (in German), Frankfurt am Main: Campus, p. 215, ISBN 978-3-593-40087-7
  27. ^ "Personalien", Handelsblatt (in German), p. 14, 19 June 1986
  28. ^ a b "Personalien", Handelsblatt (in German), p. 16, 8 December 1986
  29. ^ Gisela Freisinger (2005), Hubert Burda: Der Medienfürst (in German), Frankfurt am Main: Campus, p. 220, ISBN 978-3-593-40087-7
  30. ^ "Namen und Nachrichten", Handelsblatt (in German), p. 19, 21 June 1989
  31. ^ "Strobachs verlassen Burda", Horizont (in German), p. 81, 30 September 1994
  32. ^ a b Oliver Gehrs (21 September 1996), "Das Krachpaket", Die Tageszeitung (in German), p. 20
  33. ^ "Wagner nimmt Hut bei Burda", Horizont (in German), p. 14, 9 October 1997
  34. ^ "Patricia Riekel wird neue Chefredakteurin der Bunten", Horizont (in German), p. 1, 18 October 1996
  35. ^ Kurt Sagatz (5 April 2016). "Patricia Riekel gibt Bunte-Chefredaktion ab". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  36. ^ Matthias Gebauer; Christoph Schult (24 August 2001). "Einfach nur peinlich!". Spiegel Online (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  37. ^ Sabine Letz (15 December 1999), "Wenn Prinzen prügeln", Die Welt (in German), p. 35
  38. ^ Adolf Theobald (29 March 2001), "Renaissance der Illustrierten?", Horizont (in German), p. 88
  39. ^ Christian Ickstadt (26 February 1998), "Die Bunte wird geradezu zum Kult", Horizont (in German), p. 42
  40. ^ Sabine Letz (8 August 2001), "Die Gruppentherapeutin der Society", Die Welt (in German), p. 33
  41. ^ Heidi Radvilas (19 December 2002), "Die Ikone des People-Journalismus", Horizont (in German), p. 30
  42. ^ Barbara Nolte (7 October 2001), "Das Zentralorgan der Liebe", Der Tagesspiegel (in German), p. 30
  43. ^ "Mit Klatsch und Tratsch durch die Krise", Handelsblatt (in German), p. 17, 29 July 2002
  44. ^ Christian Ickstadt, Santiago Campillo-Lundbeck (25 July 2002), "Familienplanung in der High Society", Horizont (in German), p. 34
  45. ^ Ralf Wegner (17 February 2005), "Burda schlägt die Pflöcke ein", Horizont (in German), p. 6
  46. ^ "T-Online und Bunte gründen Klatschportal", Handelsblatt (in German), p. 19, 21 November 2002
  47. ^ "Zu wenig Zuschauer: ARD stellt Bunte TV wieder ein", Die Welt (in German), p. 32, 13 December 2003
  48. ^ "ARD kann vorerst ohne Bunte TV leben", Der Tagesspiegel (in German), p. 31, 13 December 2003
  49. ^ "Relaunch für Bunte", Der Tagesspiegel (in German), p. 31, 9 May 2003
  50. ^ "Focus und Bunte treiben Gewinn in die Höhe", Frankfurter Rundschau (in German), p. 10, 9 June 2005
  51. ^ "Nach mehr als 1000 Ausgaben: Bunte ohne Patricia Riekel". Werben & Verkaufen (in German). 7 January 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  52. ^ "Bunte: Robert Pölzer soll Nachfolger von Patricia Riekel werden". Meedia (in German). 4 March 2016. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
  53. ^ "Marken" (in German). Hubert Burda Media. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  54. ^ Informationsgemeinschaft zur Feststellung der Verbreitung von Werbeträgern
  55. ^ "So viel wie möglich", Der Spiegel (in German), p. 70, 29 July 1996
  56. ^ Adolf Theobald (2 August 1996), "Zwischenzeilen", Die Zeit (in German)
  57. ^ "Prinzessin erhält hohe Entschädigung", Handelsblatt (in German), p. 4, 26 July 2006
  58. ^ "Rekordsumme für Caroline: Burda-Verlag muß für ein erfundenes Interview bezahlen", Nürnberger Nachrichten (in German), 26 July 1996
  59. ^ "Filmstar will 60 Millionen Dollar: Tom Cruise hat Zeitschrift Bunte auf Schadensersatz verklagt", Nürnberger Nachrichten (in German), 2 August 1996
  60. ^ Dietmar Klostermann (13 August 1996), "Ein Interview, das in die Hose ging", Saarbrücker Zeitung (in German)
  61. ^ "Tom Cruise zieht Klage gegen Bunte zurück", Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German), p. 20, 15 August 1996
  62. ^ "Pressemitteilungen" (in German). Trägerverein des Deutschen Presserats. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  63. ^ Volker Scharninghausen (19 September 2008). "Presserat rügt Werbeverstöße in Magazinen". new business (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  64. ^ Johannes Röhrig; Hans-Martin Tillack (26 February 2010). "Die falschen Dementis der CMK" (in German). Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  65. ^ Sonia Shinde, Hans-Peter Siebenhaar (26 February 2010), "Müntefering rügt die Bunte", Handelsblatt (in German), p. 19
  66. ^ "Kachelmanns Ex-Geliebte bekam 50.000 Euro für Interview". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (in German). 23 March 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  67. ^ Ursula Knapp (24 March 2011), "Rekordsumme für eine Story", Reutlinger General-Anzeiger (in German)
  68. ^ "Kachelmann: Ex-Geliebte erhielt 50.000 Euro für Interview". Spiegel Online (in German). 23 March 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  69. ^ "Wulff erwirkt Verfügung gegen Zeitschrift Bunte: Ex-Bundespräsident geht gegen Berichte vor", Berliner Zeitung (in German), p. 25, 10 June 2013
  70. ^ "Wulff geht gegen Bunte vor", Der Spiegel (in German), p. 135, 10 June 2013
  71. ^ "Erfolg für Pressefreiheit", Leipziger-Volkszeitung (in German), p. 15, 20 October 2010
  72. ^ "Gericht erlaubt Artikel über Prinzessin Charlotte". Die Welt (in German). 17 November 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  73. ^ "Jauch verliert Streit um Hochzeitsfotos", Wiesbadener Kurier (in German), p. 36, 17 June 2016
  74. ^ "Privatsphäre: Jauch verklagt Bunte auf 300.000 Euro". Stern (in German). 25 October 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  75. ^ "Hochzeits-Schnappschuss Jauch verklagt Bunte". Spiegel Online (in German). 25 October 2006. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  76. ^ "Günther Jauch verliert Streit um Hochzeitsfotos in Bunte". Hamburger Abendblatt (in German). 16 June 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2017.

Further reading[edit]

  • Sabine Hilgenstock (1993), Die Geschichte der Bunten (1948–1988): Die Entwicklung einer illustrierten Wochenzeitschrift mit einer Chronik dieser Zeitschriftengattung (in German), Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, ISBN 3-631-45216-0
  • Hubert Burda (2012), Die Bunte-Story: Ein People-Magazin in Zeiten des Umbruchs (in German), München: Pantheon, ISBN 978-3-570-55221-6

External links[edit]