Buochs

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Buochs
Buochs.jpg
Coat of arms of Buochs
Coat of arms
Location of Buochs
Buochs is located in Switzerland
Buochs
Buochs
Buochs is located in Canton of Nidwalden
Buochs
Buochs
Coordinates: 46°58′N 8°25′E / 46.967°N 8.417°E / 46.967; 8.417Coordinates: 46°58′N 8°25′E / 46.967°N 8.417°E / 46.967; 8.417
CountrySwitzerland
CantonNidwalden
Districtn.a.
Area
 • Total12.04 km2 (4.65 sq mi)
Elevation
435 m (1,427 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[2]
 • Total5,409
 • Density450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Postal code
6374
SFOS number1502
Surrounded byBeckenried, Ennetbürgen, Gersau (SZ), Oberdorf, Stans
Twin townsDeidesheim (Germany)
Websitewww.buochs.ch
SFSO statistics

Buochs is a municipality in the canton of Nidwalden in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Buochs is first mentioned in 1124 as Boches. In 1184, it was mentioned as Buoches, then in 1210 as Buches, and in 1229 as Buchs.[3]

Geography[edit]

Gulf of Buochs on Lake Lucerne

Buochs has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 9.96 km2 (3.85 sq mi).[4] Of this area, about 46.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 33.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 18.0% is settled (buildings or roads) and 1.7% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 96 ha (240 acres) or about 9.7% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 32 ha (79 acres) over the 1981 amount. Of the agricultural land, 19 ha (47 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 448 ha (1,110 acres) is fields and grasslands and 1 ha (2.5 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1981 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 28 ha (69 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has decreased by 2 ha (4.9 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 16 ha (40 acres) in the municipality.[5][6]

The municipality is located along the roads between Ennetbürgen, Beckenried and Stans. It is on the western side of Lake Lucerne between the Engelberger Aa and the Buochserhorn mountain. It consists of the former linear village of Buochs.

Demographics[edit]

Buochs has a population (as of December 2017) of 5,409.[7] As of 2015, 15.4% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 5 years (2010-2015) the population has changed at a rate of 2.16%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2015, was 11.6, while the death rate was 6.1 per thousand residents.[6]

As of 2015, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 63.4% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 17.0%.[6] In 2015 there were 2,405 single residents, 2,465 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 217 widows or widowers and 346 divorced residents.[8]

In 2015 there were 2,244 private households in Buochs with an average household size of 2.39 persons. In 2015 about 28.6% of all buildings in the municipality were single family homes, which is less than the percentage in the canton (35.5%) and much less than the percentage nationally (57.4%).[9] Of the 742 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 29.5% were single family homes and 50.3% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 18.2% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 14.7% were built between 1991 and 2000.[10] In 2014 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 16.67. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2016, was 1.21%.[6]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (90.9%), with Italian being second most common (1.8%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (1.7%).[11] As of 2008 the gender distribution of the population was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

The historical population is given in the following chart:[12][3]

Sights[edit]

The main sights of Buochs are the church St. Martin, the Loreto chapel in Ennerberg, a monument of Johann Melchior Wyrsch, and the quay.

The urban village of Buochs is part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[13]

Politics[edit]

In the 2015 federal election the only major party which ran a candidate was the SVP which received 83.8% of the vote. In the federal election, a total of 2,242 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 57.3%. In the 2011 election the SVP received 43.8%, followed by the FDP with 38.0% and the GPS with 18.2%.[14][15]

In the 2007 federal election, the most popular party was the FDP which received 89.9% of the vote. Most of the rest of the votes went to local small right-wing parties (9.4%).[11]

Education[edit]

In Buochs about 73% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[11]

Economy[edit]

Buochs is classes as a suburban community.[16]

As of  2014, there were a total of 1,971 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 130 people worked in 44 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 599 workers in 81 separate businesses, of which there were 12 small businesses with a total of 336 employees and larger business with a total of 60 employees. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 1,242 jobs in 240 businesses, of which three mid sized businesses employed a total of 246 employees.[17]

In 2015 a total of 16.7% of the population received social assistance.[6] In 2011 the unemployment rate in the municipality was 1%.[18]

In 2015 local hotels had a total of 35,351 overnight stays, of which 90.8% were international visitors.[19]

In 2015 the average cantonal, municipal and church tax rate in the municipality for a couple with two children making 80,000 SFr. was 3.3% while the rate for a single person making 150,000 SFr. was 11.6%, both of which are close to the average for the canton. The canton has a slightly lower than average tax rate for those making 80,000 SFr. and one of the lowest for those making 150,000 SFr.. In 2013 the average income in the municipality per tax payer was 76,843 SFr. and the per person average was 35,038 SFr., which is less than the cantonal average of 98,342 SFr. and 46,206 SFr. respectively It is also less than the national per tax payer average of 82,682 SFr. and the per person average of 35,825 SFr..[20]

Sports[edit]

The village is home to the football club SC Buochs, who play in the 2. Liga Interregional.

From 15 to 19 July 2009, the ICF Junior Wildwater Worldchampionships took place. It was mainly organized by members of the canoeclub of Nidwalden and the canoeclub of Obwalden. The races were on the Engelberger Aa.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Bilanz der ständigen Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Staatsangehörigkeit (Kategorie), Geschlecht und demographischen Komponenten". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 12 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b Buochs in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  5. ^ "Arealstatistik Land Use - Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen". www.landuse-stat.admin.ch. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 24 November 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d e Regionalporträts 2017: Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 18 May 2017
  7. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 17 September 2018
  8. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geschlecht, Zivilstand und Geburtsort (in German) accessed 8 September 2016
  9. ^ Statistical Atlas of Switzerland - Anteil Einfamilienhäuser am gesamten Gebäudebestand, 2015 accessed 18 May 2017
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Thema 09 - Bau- und Wohnungswesen (in German) accessed 5 May 2016
  11. ^ a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 04-Sep-2009
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, 1850-2000 (in German) accessed 27 April 2016
  13. ^ "Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance". A-Objects. Federal Office for Cultural Protection (BABS). 1 January 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Nationalratswahlen 2011: Parteistärken, Wahlbeteiligung, fiktive Wählende (in German) accessed 2 May 2016
  15. ^ "Nationalratswahlen 2015: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden" [National council elections 2015: strength of the parties and voter turnout by municipality] (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 18 July 2016.
  16. ^ "Die Raumgliederungen der Schweiz 2016" (in German, French, Italian, and English). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Swiss Federal Statistical Office. 17 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  17. ^ Federal Statistical Office -Arbeitsstätten und Beschäftigte nach Gemeinde, Wirtschaftssektor und Grössenklasse accessed 31 October 2016
  18. ^ "Arbeitslosenquote 2011". Statistical Atlas of Switzerland. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  19. ^ Federal Statistical Office - Hotellerie: Ankünfte und Logiernächte der geöffneten Betriebe accessed 31 October 2016
  20. ^ "18 - Öffentliche Finanzen > Steuern". Swiss Atlas. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 26 April 2017.