|• Total||12.04 km2 (4.65 sq mi)|
|Elevation||435 m (1,427 ft)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Beckenried, Ennetbürgen, Gersau (SZ), Oberdorf, Stans|
|Twin towns||Deidesheim (Germany)|
Buochs is first mentioned in 1124 as Boches. In 1184, it was mentioned as Buoches, then in 1210 as Buches, and in 1229 as Buchs.
Buochs has an area, (as of the 2004/09 survey) of 9.96 km2 (3.85 sq mi). Of this area, about 46.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 33.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 18.0% is settled (buildings or roads) and 1.7% is unproductive land. In the 2004/09 survey a total of 96 ha (240 acres) or about 9.7% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 32 ha (79 acres) over the 1981 amount. Of the agricultural land, 19 ha (47 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 448 ha (1,110 acres) is fields and grasslands and 1 ha (2.5 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1981 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 28 ha (69 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has decreased by 2 ha (4.9 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 16 ha (40 acres) in the municipality.
The municipality is located along the roads between Ennetbürgen, Beckenried and Stans. It is on the western side of Lake Lucerne between the Engelberger Aa and the Buochserhorn mountain. It consists of the former linear village of Buochs.
Buochs has a population (as of December 2017[update]) of 5,409. As of 2015[update], 15.4% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 5 years (2010-2015) the population has changed at a rate of 2.16%. The birth rate in the municipality, in 2015, was 11.6, while the death rate was 6.1 per thousand residents.
As of 2015[update], children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 19.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) are 63.4% of the population and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 17.0%. In 2015 there were 2,405 single residents, 2,465 people who were married or in a civil partnership, 217 widows or widowers and 346 divorced residents.
In 2015 there were 2,244 private households in Buochs with an average household size of 2.39 persons. In 2015 about 28.6% of all buildings in the municipality were single family homes, which is less than the percentage in the canton (35.5%) and much less than the percentage nationally (57.4%). Of the 742 inhabited buildings in the municipality, in 2000, about 29.5% were single family homes and 50.3% were multiple family buildings. Additionally, about 18.2% of the buildings were built before 1919, while 14.7% were built between 1991 and 2000. In 2014 the rate of construction of new housing units per 1000 residents was 16.67. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2016[update], was 1.21%.
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (90.9%), with Italian being second most common (1.8%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (1.7%). As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.
The main sights of Buochs are the church St. Martin, the Loreto chapel in Ennerberg, a monument of Johann Melchior Wyrsch, and the quay.
In the 2015 federal election the only major party which ran a candidate was the SVP which received 83.8% of the vote. In the federal election, a total of 2,242 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 57.3%. In the 2011 election the SVP received 43.8%, followed by the FDP with 38.0% and the GPS with 18.2%.
Buochs is classes as a suburban community.
As of 2014[update], there were a total of 1,971 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 130 people worked in 44 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 599 workers in 81 separate businesses, of which there were 12 small businesses with a total of 336 employees and larger business with a total of 60 employees. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 1,242 jobs in 240 businesses, of which three mid sized businesses employed a total of 246 employees.
In 2015 local hotels had a total of 35,351 overnight stays, of which 90.8% were international visitors.
In 2015 the average cantonal, municipal and church tax rate in the municipality for a couple with two children making 80,000 SFr. was 3.3% while the rate for a single person making 150,000 SFr. was 11.6%, both of which are close to the average for the canton. The canton has a slightly lower than average tax rate for those making 80,000 SFr. and one of the lowest for those making 150,000 SFr.. In 2013 the average income in the municipality per tax payer was 76,843 SFr. and the per person average was 35,038 SFr., which is less than the cantonal average of 98,342 SFr. and 46,206 SFr. respectively It is also less than the national per tax payer average of 82,682 SFr. and the per person average of 35,825 SFr..
From 15 to 19 July 2009, the ICF Junior Wildwater Worldchampionships took place. It was mainly organized by members of the canoeclub of Nidwalden and the canoeclub of Obwalden. The races were on the Engelberger Aa.
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