Buôn Ma Thuột

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Buôn Ma Thuột

Thành phố Buôn Ma Thuột
Buôn Ma Thuột City
Buôn Ma Thuột city square in June 2006
Buôn Ma Thuột city square in June 2006
Official seal of Buôn Ma Thuột
Seal
Buôn Ma Thuột is located in Vietnam
Buôn Ma Thuột
Buôn Ma Thuột
Location of in Vietnam
Coordinates: 12°40′N 108°3′E / 12.667°N 108.050°E / 12.667; 108.050
Country Vietnam
ProvinceĐắk Lắk
Area
 • Total377.18 km2 (145.63 sq mi)
Elevation
536 m (1,759 ft)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total502,170
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Websitebuonmathuot.gov.vn (in Vietnamese)

Coordinates: 12°40′N 108°3′E / 12.667°N 108.050°E / 12.667; 108.050 Buôn Ma Thuột (About this soundlisten) (formerly Lac Giao)[1] or sometimes Buôn Mê Thuột or Ban Mê Thuột, is the capital city of Đắk Lắk Province in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. Its population was 420,000 in 2016, and grew to 502,170 by 2018. The city is the largest in Vietnam's Central Highlands region, and is famous as the regional "capital of coffee".[2][3][4]

Buôn Ma Thuột is served by Buôn Ma Thuột Airport.

Mnong Longhouse in Buôn Ma Thuột

Geography

The city is located at 12.6667° N 108.0500° E, right at the heart of the Central Highlands of Vietnam, 1300 km from Hanoi, 500 km from Da Nang, and 350 km from Ho Chi Minh City. Lying on a fairly flat highland, at an average height of 536 m (1,759 ft) above sea level, Buôn Ma Thuột has a vital role in Vietnam's national security and defense system.[citation needed] Buôn Ma Thuột is the capital of Đắk Lắk Province and also the biggest city in the Central Highlands region (Tây Nguyên).

History

In 1904 Đắk Lắk Province was established by the French and Buôn Ma Thuột was selected as the provincial administrative centre, rather than the trading center of Đôn on the Srepok River. Buôn Ma Thuột was originally settled by the Ê Đê, but due to the incoming Việt settlement after the Vietnam War and the active acculturation policy, less than 15% (around 40,000) are still Montagnards. An important battle took place there at the end of the Vietnam war.

Institutions

Buôn Ma Thuột is the site of Tây Nguyên University, which was founded in 1977 and has educated more than 27,000 students. The TNU offers training in 37 university programs, 8 college programs, and 6 college-university interlinking programs and pre-university programs.[5]

Climate

Climate data for Buôn Ma Thuột
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.1
(93.4)
36.6
(97.9)
37.6
(99.7)
39.4
(102.9)
37.0
(98.6)
35.1
(95.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
32.6
(90.7)
32.4
(90.3)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
30.3
(86.5)
32.8
(91.0)
33.6
(92.5)
32.0
(89.6)
29.9
(85.8)
29.4
(84.9)
29.0
(84.2)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
29.7
(85.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.9
(69.6)
22.4
(72.3)
24.5
(76.1)
26.0
(78.8)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.3
(72.1)
21.0
(69.8)
23.6
(74.5)
Average low °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
18.4
(65.1)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
22.0
(71.6)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.3
(70.3)
21.1
(70.0)
20.5
(68.9)
19.4
(66.9)
18.1
(64.6)
20.2
(68.4)
Record low °C (°F) 9.1
(48.4)
12.0
(53.6)
12.3
(54.1)
16.7
(62.1)
14.4
(57.9)
17.9
(64.2)
18.4
(65.1)
14.4
(57.9)
13.4
(56.1)
14.9
(58.8)
10.7
(51.3)
7.4
(45.3)
7.4
(45.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
5
(0.2)
19
(0.7)
86
(3.4)
237
(9.3)
248
(9.8)
255
(10.0)
310
(12.2)
288
(11.3)
222
(8.7)
96
(3.8)
25
(1.0)
1,796
(70.7)
Average precipitation days 1.1 1.0 3.2 8.3 19.5 22.4 24.6 25.3 24.2 17.7 11.0 5.6 163.7
Average relative humidity (%) 77.5 73.8 71.1 72.4 80.3 84.9 86.6 87.7 88.5 87.0 84.6 82.0 81.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 250 247 273 252 225 183 181 162 155 167 173 194 2,460
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Buon Me Thuot" Encyclopædia Britannica (2009 edition) Encyclopædia Britannica Online, accessed 24 September 2009
  2. ^ "Buon Ma Thuot, the capital of coffee". THE VOICE OF VIETNAM. 2015-04-09. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  3. ^ "Dak Lak – The capital of Vietnamese coffee".
  4. ^ Learn Vietnamese (in Vietnamese).
  5. ^ "HOME". www.ttn.edu.vn. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  6. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.

External links