Bupleurum chinense

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Bupleurum chinense
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Bupleurum
B. chinense
Binomial name
Bupleurum chinense

Bupleurum chinense (Chai Hu, Chinese: 柴胡; pinyin: chaí hú; Jyutping: caai4 wu4, Thorowax) is a plant of the family Apiaceae.

Distribution and appearance[edit]

Bupleurum chinense is native to East Asia. The leaves of the plant are long and thin and resemble fennel.

Use in traditional Chinese medicine[edit]

The root of B. chinense, known as Radix Bupleuri, is used in traditional Chinese medicine.[1] Its proposed use is to strengthen the liver.[2]

There is no good evidence that Chinese herbal medicines, including those derived from B. chinense, are of any benefit in treating fatty liver disease, and the safety of these drugs is unknown.[2]

Chemical constituents[edit]

Bupleurum chinense roots, also known as Radix Bupleuri, contain polyacetylenes and saponins/triterpenoids.[3]


  1. ^ Chinese Herbal Medicine: Formulas & Strategies. Eastland Press. 1990. ISBN 978-0-939616-10-7.[page needed]
  2. ^ a b Liu ZL, Xie LZ, Zhu J, Li GQ, Grant SJ, Liu JP (August 2013). "Herbal medicines for fatty liver diseases". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (8): CD009059. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009059.pub2. PMID 23975682.
  3. ^ Abe H, Sakaguchi M, Odashima S, Arichi S (September 1982). "Protective effect of saikosaponin-d isolated from Bupleurum falcatum L. on CCl4-induced liver injury in the rat". Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch. Pharmacol. 320 (3): 266–71. doi:10.1007/BF00510139. PMID 7133157. S2CID 25691902.