|Date||1 July 2018|
|Mass Suicide, Strangulation|
No. of participants
The Burari deaths (Hindi: बुराड़ी कांड), refer to the ritual suicide of eleven family members of the Chundawat family from Burari, Delhi, India, in 2018. Ten people were found hanged, while the oldest family member, the grandmother, was strangled. The bodies were found on 1 July 2018; in the early morning after the death. The police have ruled the deaths as mass ritual suicide, motivated by shared delusion or psychosis.
The Chundawat family (also known as Bhatia family by neighbours) had been living in the double-story house in Burari's Sant Nagar neighbourhood for around twenty years, after moving from their native town in Tohana, Haryana. The family ran a grocery shop and plywood business in the area. The family consisted of:
- Narayani Devi (80), mother of Bhuvnesh, Lalit and Pratibha
- Pratibha Bhatia (57), widowed daughter of Narayani Devi
- Bhuvnesh (50), elder son of Narayani Devi
- Lalit (45), younger son of Narayani Devi
- Savita (48), elder daughter-in-law of Narayani Devi, wife of Bhuvnesh
- Tina (42), younger daughter-in-law of Narayani Devi, wife of Lalit
- Priyanka (33), daughter of Pratibha
- Nitu (25), elder daughter of Bhuvnesh
- Monu (called "Menaka") (23), younger daughter of Bhuvnesh
- Dhruv (called "Dushyant") (15), only son and youngest child of Bhuvnesh
- Shivam (15), son and only child of Lalit.
In 2007, Lalit Chundawat's father Bhopal Singh died of natural causes. After the death of their father, Lalit became very introverted. One day, he told his family that he was possessed by his father's soul, who advised him the ways to attain a good life. Since 2007 he had been maintaining a diary on his father's "instructions".
Discovery of bodies
On the morning of 1 July 2018 around 7:15 am, the neighbour Gurcharan Singh, who used to go on morning walks with one of the deceased, went to the Chundawat residence after noticing Lalit Chundawat's absence for the morning walk, as well as the fact that the Chundawat's shops were still not opened (the shops usually opened between 5 and 5:30am). Gurcharan Singh found the door of the house open and the ten people, including Lalit Chundawat, hanging. He raised an alert by calling other neighbours, and police received the call around 7:30am.
Ten of the eleven people – two men, six women and two teens – were found hanging in the courtyard of the house. They were blindfolded and their mouths were taped. Some of the bodies had their hands and feet tied as well. Another woman, 80-year-old Narayani Devi was found dead in another room. It appeared that she had been strangled.
Members of the family were found hanging from a mesh in their ceiling in the hallway, all close together. Their faces were wrapped almost entirely, ears plugged with cotton, mouths taped and hands tied behind the back. There were five stools, probably shared by the 10 members. Their faces were covered with cloth pieces cut from a single bed-sheet.
Tommy, the pet dog of the family, was the only survivor in the house. He was chained on the terrace and suffering from high fever when the police found him after discovering the 11 bodies. It was not clear who had tied him. He was later said to have been convalescing at Noida’s House of Stray Animals, where he was taken immediately after being rescued.
Police initially registered a case of murder (due to immense public scrutiny, pressure from hardline groups and accusations of coverup from relatives) even though they believed the circumstances surrounding the deaths point to mass suicide for occult reasons. Police also investigated the possibility of murder with a motive other than occult. There were no signs of struggle found during the post mortem of the bodies.
Police found 11 diaries in the house, all of them maintained for the period of eleven years. Joint Commissioner of Police (Crime) Alok Kumar stated: "We have found handwritten notes detailing how hands and legs are to be tied and are quite similar to the manner in which the bodies of 10 persons were found. They are exhaustive notes and we are studying them." Details/directions provided in the diaries match how the bodies were found with their faces covered, mouths taped, and cotton balls in ears. The bodies were discovered hanged in batches of three, which is what the diaries also state. The diary stated that the Bebe (elderly woman) could not stand and hence should be laying on the bed, which was consistent with the discovery of her being found strangled on the bed. The diary also mentions: "everyone will tie their own hands and when the kriya (ritual) is done then everyone will help each other untie their hands", indicating that the family was not expecting to die.
Role of Lalit
Handwriting analysis revealed that these diaries were written by Lalit which were supposedly dictated to Lalit by his late father's spirit. Lalit is believed to have masterminded the incident. The crime branch believes that Lalit and his wife Tina were responsible for tying the hands and legs of the family members. It was also revealed that Lalit would often research about death and soul on the internet and watch paranormal shows on YouTube. Lalit had told the family members that the soul of the husband of Narayani Devi had entered his body in order to get the family to follow him.
According to psychologists, these sequence of events can be caused by ‘shared psychotic disorder’ because of which the members blindly follow the instructions of one among them. They propose that Lalit suffered from a ‘delusional disorder’.
In popular culture
The 845th episode of the Indian crime television show called Crime Patrol is based on the Burari deaths.
- Bhandari, Hemani (16 July 2018). "Burari deaths: 11 bright people with one dark secret". The Hindu – via www.thehindu.com.
- "CCTV footage shows what happened moments before 11 burari deaths".
- "Burari deaths: Family may have been suffering from 'shared psychosis'".
- "Burari deaths: CCTV footage reveals more details of suicide plans".
- "Occult Angle Suspected After Family Of 11 Found Dead In Delhi Home".
- "Burari hangings: Week-long 'thanksgiving ritual' led to deaths, Delhi police suspect". 5 July 2018.
- "Burari deaths: Brother said father's soul possessed him, gave him directions". 3 July 2018.
- "Delhi: 11 members of a family found dead in Burari, investigation on". The Economic Times. 1 July 2018.
- "Delhi mystery deaths: What we know and what we don't - Times of India ►".
- "11 Mass Dead In A Delhi Family, Handwritten Notes Offer Big Clue".
- "10 People Shared 5 Stools In Delhi Family Hangings, Say Police: 10 Facts".
- "Burari deaths: One family member tried stopping "ritual" while hanging".
- "One Person Stand Guard While Others Hang: Note At Delhi Family's Home".
- "Bhatia diaries hint at ritual to free 'spirits' from their house - Times of India".
- "Burari family of 11 waited for God to save them, instead got death". 2 July 2018. Archived from the original on 2 July 2018.
- "Burari News | Burari Deaths Case: 11 bodies, a pet dog and a mysterious diary". The Economic Times. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
- "11 deaths, 11 diaries, 11 years: Burari's number mystery foxes all". 5 July 2018.
- "Eleven People, 11 Diaries, 11 Pipes - Burari's Number Mystery".
- "Businessman said father's spirit warned Burari family about mistakes". Hindustan Times. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
- "SUNDAY FEATURE | 11 Deaths, 1 House, No Killer: All of Burari Knows the Family Didn't Want to Die". News18. 8 July 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2022.
- "Reincarnation, rituals and religion: The unsolved mysteries of Burari deaths".
- Arora, Akhil (3 March 2021). "Netflix Unveils 4 Indian Documentaries – From Karan Johar, Leena Yadav, Vice, and India Today". NDTV. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
- "House of Secrets The Burari Deaths director Leena Yadav: 'The mind behind the crime is the biggest catch'". The Indian Express. 13 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.