All Saints' church, Burbage
|Burbage shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||1,772 (in 2011)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
The parish includes the hamlets of Durley, Eastcourt, Marr Green, Ram Alley, Stibb Green, The Warren (which is close to Tottenham House), and Westcourt.
The parish is part of the 'Burbage and the Bedwyns' electoral ward. The ward starts in the north at Little Bedwyn, stretches to Great Bedwyn and Shalbourne then extends west to Grafton and Burbage. The population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 4,829.
Burbage stands on a watershed at the eastern end of the Vale of Pewsey, with streams to the east draining to the Thames via the Dun and Kennet; to the south draining to the Salisbury Avon via the River Bourne; and to the north and west direct to the Avon.
The village High Street was the main north-south road from Marlborough to Andover, now the A346 primary route, until a bypass was built to the west in 1991. A more minor route from Pewsey to Hungerford and the M4 (designated A338 to the east and B3087 to the west) passes to the south of the village. Burbage no longer has a station on the nearby Reading to Taunton line, the nearest stations being at Great Bedwyn (which has commuter services to London) and Pewsey.
Burbage lies in the heart of the North Wessex Downs, a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
The Kennet and Avon Canal, completed in 1810, crosses the parish just north of the village, where it passes through the Bruce Tunnel. Burbage Wharf was further west, where the canal passes under the present-day A346.
The Great Western Railway's Berks and Hants Extension Railway from Hungerford to Devizes was built close to the canal in the 1860s, eventually becoming part of the Reading to Plymouth section of the main line from London Paddington in 1906. The GWR built Savernake Low Level north of the village, above the canal tunnel; British Railways closed it in 1966 but the line remains in use. Until 1947 there was also a goods-only station at Burbage Wharf.
The Midland and South Western Junction Railway opened from Andover to Grafton and Burbage in 1882, the latter station being situated in nearby West Grafton. The northern section of the M&SWJR line from Swindon to Marlborough Low Level had opened in 1881, and this was joined to the southern section from 1883 by using the Great Western Railway's branch between Savernake and Marlborough High Level. In 1898 the M&SWJR got its own route between Marlborough and Grafton and a new station opened at Savernake High Level. The M&SWJR had therefore become a route between Southampton and Cheltenham and the Midlands. British Railways closed it in 1961.
The population of Burbage peaked at around 1600 with the building of the railway in 1860, declining to a low point of 1000 a century later. It has since increased steadily, regaining its 1860s level in the 21st century.
Church and chapel
The Church of England parish church of All Saints was rebuilt in 1854 by T.H. Wyatt, then extended with a south aisle in 1876. The original church was from the 12th century and was rebuilt in the 14th and 15th, when the tower was added; the porch was added in the 16th. The present church retains only the tower and porch of the earlier building. The church is now part of the Savernake team ministry.
Burbage Primary School serves the village and surrounding area. The school was built in 1989 on a centrally-located site, between the High Street and Eastcourt. The first school in the village was built at Eastcourt in 1806, rebuilt in 1854 and supplemented by a separate building for younger children in 1861. This school was taken over by the county council around 1906, and educated children of all ages until Marlborough secondary school opened in 1946. The 19th-century buildings were closed in 1989 upon the opening of the new school.
There are two pubs: the White Hart in Burbage village and the Three Horseshoes Inn at Stibb Green.
- "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 20 September 2014.
- "Burbage and the Bedwyns ward 2011". Retrieved 11 March 2015.
- Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press. pp. 115–116. ISBN 1904349331.
- Colin Younger. "A study of the population of Burbage (1801–2001)". www.burbage-wiltshire.co.uk. Retrieved 11 April 2008.
- Historic England. "Church of All Saints (1035909)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Church of All Saints, Burbage". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "All Saints Church, Burbage". The Savernake Team. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Burbage". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Wesleyan Methodist Chapels". burbage-wiltshire.co.uk. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Burbage Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- "Burbage and Easton Royal CC". Retrieved 10 March 2016.
- Crowley, D.A. (ed.); Baggs, A.P.; Freeman, Jane; Smith, C.; Stevenson, Janet H.; Williamson, E. (1999). Victoria County History: A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 16: Kinwardstone hundred. pp. 69–82.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . The Buildings of England: Wiltshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 152. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.
Media related to Burbage, Wiltshire at Wikimedia Commons