Burcot, Oxfordshire

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Burcot
River Thames - geograph.org.uk - 1281184.jpg
River Thames at Burcot
Burcot is located in Oxfordshire
Burcot
Burcot
Burcot shown within Oxfordshire
OS grid reference SU564960
Civil parish
  • Clifton Hampden
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ABINGDON-ON-THAMES
Postcode district OX14
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
OxfordshireCoordinates: 51°39′36″N 1°11′10″W / 51.660°N 1.186°W / 51.660; -1.186

Burcot is a hamlet in Oxfordshire, England on the left bank of the River Thames, in the civil parish of Clifton Hampden.[1] Until 1932, it lay in the civil parish of Dorchester.[2]

Facilities[edit]

Burcot lies on the main road from Dorchester to Abingdon, now the A415. Bus services are confined to schooldays.[3]

The village has a thatch-roofed pub, The Chequers, which has been developed into a restaurant,[4] but no retail facilities. The nearest shopping centre is in Dorchester, less than two miles away.

The former school is now a private house. The nearest primary school and church are at Clifton Hampden.[5] Burcot is home to the business that developed the search engine "Ask Jeeves".[citation needed]

Governance[edit]

The village belongs to Clifton Hampden and Burcot parish, whose population was recorded in the 2011 Census as 662.[5] It has been part of the South Oxfordshire local-government district since Henley Rural District was incorporated into it in 1974.

Heritage[edit]

In the 17th century Burcot was an important transhipment point on the Thames. The river at that time had become almost unnavigable between Oxford and Burcot, so that goods for Oxford had to be unloaded at Burcot and taken on by road. This led in 1605 to the formation of the Oxford-Burcot Commission to improve navigation.[2]

The village, lying mainly between the main road and the Thames, became a desirable Thames-side residential area in the late 19th century. Almost all the earlier housing was pulled down. The only survivors today from before the Victorian era are the Grade II listed Old Cottage, thought to be Tudor, and the 16th-century pub premises.[6] No other building dates from before 1888.[7]

The poet laureate John Masefield lived at Burcote Brook from 1932 until his death in 1967. Shortly afterwards, the house burnt down and was replaced by a Cheshire Home,[8] now named after John Masefield.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parishes - Clifton Hampden | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 2003-06-22. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Parishes - Burcot | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 1950-05-03. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  3. ^ Bus times Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  4. ^ Pub website Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  5. ^ a b Village Plan Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  6. ^ Oxfordshire villages Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  7. ^ British History Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  8. ^ Christopher Winn: I Never Knew That about the River Thames (London: Ebury Press, 2010), p. 65.
  9. ^ Cheshire Home page Retrieved 4 February 2017.