Burden, Kansas

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Burden, Kansas
City
Burden water tower (2015)
Burden water tower (2015)
Location within Cowley County and Kansas
Location within Cowley County and Kansas
KDOT map of Cowley County (legend)
KDOT map of Cowley County (legend)
Coordinates: 37°18′51″N 96°45′19″W / 37.31417°N 96.75528°W / 37.31417; -96.75528Coordinates: 37°18′51″N 96°45′19″W / 37.31417°N 96.75528°W / 37.31417; -96.75528
Country United States
State Kansas
County Cowley
Area[1]
 • Total 0.54 sq mi (1.40 km2)
 • Land 0.53 sq mi (1.37 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 1,381 ft (421 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 535
 • Estimate (2015)[3] 533
 • Density 990/sq mi (380/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67019
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-09250 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0469910 [5]

Burden is a city in Cowley County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 535.[6]

History[edit]

In 1879, in anticipation of the coming of the Kansas City, Lawrence and Southern Railroad, the town of Burden was surveyed and laid out by a town company including Robert F. Burden, for whom the town is named.[7][7][8] The railroad, whose name changed to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, arrived on February 1, 1882.

The early buildings included a general store, drug store, and post office. The post office, called Burdenville until 1884, was established in 1879.[9] The first newspaper, printed in 1880, was the Enterprise with a circulation in 1882 of 900.[10] A school which had been located one mile north of the town site was relocated to the town in the summer of 1881.[10][11]

Burden was a station and shipping point on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway.[12]

Geography[edit]

Burden is located at 37°18′51″N 96°45′19″W / 37.31417°N 96.75528°W / 37.31417; -96.75528 (37.314128, -96.755377).[13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.54 square miles (1.40 km2), of which, 0.53 square miles (1.37 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 157
1890 508 223.6%
1900 519 2.2%
1910 424 −18.3%
1920 441 4.0%
1930 507 15.0%
1940 522 3.0%
1950 541 3.6%
1960 580 7.2%
1970 503 −13.3%
1980 518 3.0%
1990 518 0.0%
2000 564 8.9%
2010 535 −5.1%
Est. 2015 533 [3] −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 535 people, 195 households, and 145 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,009.4 inhabitants per square mile (389.7/km2). There were 234 housing units at an average density of 441.5 per square mile (170.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 1.7% Native American, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.7% of the population.

There were 195 households of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 8.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.6% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.22.

The median age in the city was 33.2 years. 31.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24% were from 25 to 44; 21% were from 45 to 64; and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.3% male and 49.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 564 people, 210 households, and 158 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,072.0 people per square mile (410.9/km²). There were 236 housing units at an average density of 448.6 per square mile (171.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.26% White, 0.18% African American, 2.48% Native American, 1.42% from other races, and 2.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.95% of the population.

There were 210 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.12.

In the city, the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,641, and the median income for a family was $33,833. Males had a median income of $29,821 versus $17,656 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,549. About 8.1% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.5% of those under age 18 and 14.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Burden is a part of USD 462 Central of Burden. The Burden High School mascot is Burden Raiders.[14]

Prior to school unification, the Burden Raiders won the Kansas State High School class B Baseball championship in 1955.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 168. 
  8. ^ "Profile for Burden, Kansas". ePodunk. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on October 9, 2013. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  10. ^ a b http://www.eccchistory.org/Burden01.htm
  11. ^ http://www.kancoll.org/books/cutler/cowley/cowley-co-p12.html#BURDEN
  12. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc. Standard Publishing Company. p. 252. 
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ "Central USD 462". USD 462. Retrieved 5 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Baseball". KSHSAA. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

County
  • History of Cowley County Kansas; D.A. Millington / E.P. Greer; Winfield Courier; 162 pages; 1901. (Download 16MB PDF eBook)
Kansas

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps