Burdwan II

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Burdwan II
বর্ধমান II
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Burdwan II is located in West Bengal
Burdwan II
Burdwan II
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°11′15″N 87°57′54″E / 23.18750°N 87.96500°E / 23.18750; 87.96500
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purba Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bardhaman-Durgapur
Assembly constituency Bardhaman Uttar
Area
 • Total 73.19 sq mi (189.57 km2)
Elevation 95 ft (29 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 152,939
 • Density 2,100/sq mi (810/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713407 (Hatgobindapur)
713149 (Shaktigarh)
Telephone/STD code 0342
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 74.12 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Burdwan II is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar North subdivision of Purba Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Baghar, a constituent panchayat of Burdwan II block, is located at 23°19′06″N 87°49′54″E / 23.3184°N 87.8316°E / 23.3184; 87.8316.

Burdwan II CD Block is part of the Bardhaman Plain, the central plain area of the district. The area is surrounded by the Bhagirathi on the east, the Ajay on the north-west and the Damodar on the west and south. Old river channels and small creeks found in the region dry up in the dry season, but the Bardhaman Plains are sometimes subject to heavy floods during the rainy season. The region has recent alluvial soils.[1]

Burdwan II CD Block is bounded by Burdwan I on the west and a part of the north, Memari II CD Block on a part of the north and a part of the east, Memari I CD Block on a part of the east and Raina I CD Block on the south.[2][3]

Burdwan II CD Block has an area of 189.57 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 9 gram panchayats, 116 gram sansads (village councils), 89 mouzas and 83 inhabited villages. Burdwan police station and Women police station Burdwan serve this block.[4] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Barshul.[5]

Gram panchayats of Burdwan I block/panchayat samiti are: Baikunthapur I, Barsul I, Kurmun&II, Baikunthapur II, Barsul II, Nabastha I, Bandul II, Gobindapur and Nabastha II.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Burdwan II CD Block had a total population of 152,939, of which 146,592 were rural and 6,347 were urban. There were 77,276 (51%) males and 75,663 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 15,593. Scheduled Castes numbered 59,322 (38.79%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 18,242 (11.93%).[7]

As per 2001 census, Burdwan II block had a total population of 138,909, out of which 70,864 were males and 68,045 were females. Burdwan II block registered a population growth of 17.63 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[8] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[9]Scheduled castes at 57,451 formed more than one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 17,104.[10]

Census Town in Burdwan II CD Block is (2011 census figure in brackets): Gangpur (6,347).[7]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Burdwan II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Bamchandaipur (4,607), Samanti (4,535), Hatgobindapur (5,823), Putunda (4,409), Saktigarh (8,432) and Barshul (5,483).[7]

Other villages in Burdwan II CD Block include (2011census figures in brackets): Baikanthapur (2,742), Nabastha (2,387), Kandorsona (3,362) and Palsit (3,578).[7]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Burdwan II CD Block was 101,806 (74.12% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 56,305 (81.13% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 45,501 (66.97% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 14.16%.[7]

As per 2001 census, Burdwan II block had a total literacy of 68.11 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 77.78 per cent female literacy was 58.02 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[11]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[2]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[12]

Religion in Burdwan II CD Block
Hindu
  
87.41%
Muslim
  
10.96%
Christian
  
0.07%
Others
  
1.56%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 133,679 and formed 87.41% of the population in Burdwan II CD Block. Muslims numbered 16,766 and formed 10.96% of the population. Christians numbered 101 and formed 0.07% of the population. Others numbered 2,393 and formed 1.56% of the population.[13]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Burdwan II CD Block was 21.68%.[14]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Burdwan II CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 11.35%, agricultural labourers 50.20%, household industry workers 1.71% and other workers 36.74%.[15]

Burdwan II CD Block is part of the area where agriculture dominates the scenario but the secondary and tertiary sectors have shown an increasing trend.[16]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 89 or 100% of mouzas in Burdwan II CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[15]

All 89 mouzas in Burdwan II CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 70 fertiliser depots, 24 seed stores and 41 fair price shops in the CD Block.[15]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Burdwan II CD Block

  Bargadars (7.55%)
  Patta holders (11.42%)
  Small farmers (4.38%)
  Marginal farmers (17.06%)
  Agricultural labourers (59.59%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[17] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Burdwan II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 7.55%, patta (document) holders 11.42%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 4.38%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 17.06% and agricultural labourers 59.59%.[15]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Burdwan II CD Block was 13,941 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 13,906 hectares.[18]

In 2013-14, Burdwan II CD Block produced 42,239 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 13,975 hectares, 19,429 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 5,290 hectares and 54,888 tonnes of potatoes from 2,160 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[15]

In Bardhaman district as a whole Aman paddy constituted 64.32% of the total area under paddy cultivation, while the area under Boro and Aus paddy constituted 32.87% and 2.81% respectively. The expansion of Boro paddy cultivation, with higher yield rates, was the result of expansion of irrigation system and intensive cropping.[19] In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Burdwan II CD Block was 11,217.11 hectares, out of which 11,000.04 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 75.50 hectares by river lift irrigation and 141.57 hectares by deep tube wells.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Burdwan II CD Block had offices of 9 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[15]

Transport[edit]

Burdwan II CD Block has 4 ferry services and 7 originating/ terminating bus routes.[15]


Howrah–Bardhaman Chord
km
Up arrowto Bardhaman-Asansol section
95 Bardhaman
88 Gangpur
83 Saktigarh
Right arrowto Howrah–Bardhaman main line
NH19-IN.svg National Highway 19
78 Palla Road
75 Chanchai
Left arrowto Bankura-Masagram line
72 Masagram
WB SH15-IND.png SH 15 Memari-Tarakeswar Road
69 Nabagram
65 Jaugram
62 Jhapandanga
58 Gurap
56 Hajigarh
52 Shibai Chandi
49 Dhaniakhali
47 Belmuri
45 Porabazar
41 Chandanpur
36 Madhusudanpur
WB SH2-IND.png State Highway 2
33 Kamarkundu
Left arrowSheoraphuli-Bishnupur line Right arrow
32 Balarambati
30 Mirzapur-Bankipur
27 Baruipara
23 Begampur
21 Janai Road
16 Gobra
15 Dankuni
NH19-IN.svg National Highway 19
NH16-IN.svg National Highway 16
12 Belanagar
7 Bally
Right arrowto Howrah–Bardhaman main line
Left arrowto Howrah-Kharagpur line
Rajbaridanga
Right arrowto Sealdah-Ranaghat line
Belur Math
5 Liluah
UpperLeft arrowto Howrah-Kharagpur line
0 Howrah

The common route of Howrah-Bardhaman main line and Howrah-Bardhaman chord passes through this CD Block and there are stations at Gangpur and Shaktigarh, and Palsit on the main line.[20][21]

Kolkata-Delhi NH 19 (old numbering NH 2)/ Grand Trunk Road passes through this CD Block.[22]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Burdwan II CD Block had 85 primary schools with 7,916 students, 11 middle schools with 950 students, 16 high schools with 7,664 students and 9 higher secondary schools with 7,496 students. Burdwan II CD Block had 1 general college with 2,033 students, 4 technical/ professional institution with 359 students and 260 institutions for special and non-formal education with 8,026 students[15]

Dr. Bhupendra Nath Dutta Smriti Mahavidyalaya was established at Hatgobindapur in 1996. It offers honours courses in Bengali, Sanskrit, English, history, political science, philosophy, geography, accountancy, mathematics, chemistry, botany, zoology and nutrition.[23][24]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Burdwan II CD Block had 3 primary health centres and 2 private nursing homes with total 16 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 21 family welfare subcentres. 1,187 patients were treated indoor and 178,476 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

Burdwan II CD Block has a block primary health centre at Barshul and a primary health centre at Jamar.[25][26]

Burdwan II CD Block is one of the areas of Bardhaman district which is affected by a low level of arsenic contamination of ground water.[27]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Burdwan II Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  3. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-09-07. 
  9. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  10. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  11. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  12. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Occupational Structure, Status and levels of Livelihood, page 55. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "36811/ Howrah Barddhaman Jn Chord Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  21. ^ "63501/ Mowrah-Barddhaman Fast Memu Local". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  22. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  23. ^ "Dr. Bhupendra Nath Dutta Smriti Mahavidyalaya". DBNDSM. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  24. ^ "Dr. Bhupendra Nath Dutta Smriti Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  25. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  26. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Burdwan II Block Map on page 750. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  27. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Bardhaman. SOES. Retrieved 9 September 2011.