Bureau Junction, Illinois

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Bureau Junction, Illinois
Location of Bureau Junction in Bureau County, Illinois.
Location of Bureau Junction in Bureau County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°17′21″N 89°22′4″W / 41.28917°N 89.36778°W / 41.28917; -89.36778Coordinates: 41°17′21″N 89°22′4″W / 41.28917°N 89.36778°W / 41.28917; -89.36778
CountryUnited States
 • Total1.50 sq mi (3.89 km2)
 • Land1.44 sq mi (3.72 km2)
 • Water0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total322
 • Estimate (2016)[2]307
 • Density213.64/sq mi (82.49/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)815
FIPS code17-09681
Wikimedia CommonsBureau Junction, Illinois

Bureau Junction, usually called Bureau, is a village in Bureau County, Illinois, United States. The population was 322 at the 2010 census.[3] The village name is shown as both "Bureau Junction"[4] and "Bureau" on federal maps,[5] and is commonly called "Bureau", including by phone companies[6] and the United States Post Office.[7] It is part of the OttawaStreator Micropolitan Statistical Area. Bureau Junction was the point where the Rock Island Line railroad's branch line to Peoria split. Track west and south of Bureau is operated by Iowa Interstate, while tracks east to Chicago were formerly operated by CSX but are currently leased to Iowa Interstate.


The village is named for Michel or Pierre Bureau. Their original surname was probably Belleau, but local aboriginals may have had difficulty pronouncing the "l" sound. One or both of the brothers ran a trading post near where Big Bureau Creek empties into the Illinois River from 1776 until 1780 or 1790.[8][9] A man named Buero, of mixed French and Native American descent, and possibly a descendant of one of the earlier Bureau brothers, was operating in this area as a fur trader in 1821.[10]

In the 1870s Bureau Junction had a sizeable railroad operation as the halfway point on the railroad between Chicago and Rock Island.[11]


Bureau Junction is located at 41°17′21″N 89°22′4″W / 41.28917°N 89.36778°W / 41.28917; -89.36778 (41.289155, -89.367837).[12]

According to the 2010 census, Bureau Junction has a total area of 1.506 square miles (3.90 km2), of which 1.44 square miles (3.73 km2) (or 95.62%) is land and 0.066 square miles (0.17 km2) (or 4.38%) is water.[13]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 2016307[2]−4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 368 people, 135 households, and 93 families residing in the village. The population density was 256.1 people per square mile (98.7/km²). There were 159 housing units at an average density of 110.7 per square mile (42.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.37% White, 0.27% Native American, 0.82% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.60% of the population.

There were 135 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the village, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $41,429, and the median income for a family was $46,429. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $21,458 for females. The per capita income for the village was $15,490. About 2.1% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.


  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bureau Junction village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
  4. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bureau Junction, Illinois
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bureau, Illinois, retrieved 2008-09-06
  6. ^ "Rate centre information: Bureau, IL". Local Calling Guide. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  7. ^ "Find a City by ZIP Code Results". United States Postal Service. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
  8. ^ Pierre de Beuro, an Indian trader Pioneers of Illinois by Nehemiah Matson, 1882, p. 229
  9. ^ Jean Baptiste Point de Sable : the founder of modern Chicago by John F. Swenson, 1999- . Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  10. ^ History of Bureau County, Illinois
  11. ^ collection of 1870s newspaper articles on Bureau Junction
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

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