Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) of the United States Department of State fosters mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries around the world. It is responsible for the United States Cultural Exchange Programs.
The current Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs is Evan Ryan, succeeding Ann Stock.
In 1940, Nelson Rockefeller began the exchange of persons program with Latin America, as the Coordinator of Commercial and Cultural Affairs for the American Republics. This program sent 130 journalists from Latin America to the United States. In 1942, The United States Office of War Information (OWI) was created out of the United States Government's need for a centralized location for information. OWI was disbanded under the Truman administration, though a small element of the original structure was maintained within the State Department as the Office of International Information and Cultural Affairs (OIC), which was renamed the Office of International Information and Educational Exchange. In 1948, the Smith-Mundt Act sought to "promote a better understanding of the United States in other countries, and to increase mutual understanding." The educational and cultural exchange aspects of the State Department were removed from the Bureau of Public Affairs and entered the newly created bureau of Educational and Cultural Relations (CU) in 1959. In 1978, the United States International Communication Agency (USICA) absorbed the bureau with the understanding that USICA was in charge of United States public diplomacy. Ronald Reagan renamed USICA to the United States Information Agency in 1982, and in 1999, USIA was absorbed by the State Department.
- Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange
- EducationUSA, external website
- Fulbright Scholarship
- Future Leaders Exchange (FLEX)
- Gilman Program
- Hubert Humphrey Fellowship
- International Visitor Leadership Program
- Youth Exchange and Study (YES)
- Edmund S. Muskie Graduate Fellowship Program
- Cultural Heritage Center
- Cultural diplomacy
- List of Assistant Secretaries of State for Education and Culture
- Public Diplomacy
- United States Cultural Exchange Programs
- "History of the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs". Retrieved 27 April 2011.
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