Bureau of Energy Resources
Seal of the United States Department of State
|Formed||November 16, 2011|
|Jurisdiction||Executive branch of the United States|
|Employees||91 (as of 2016)|
|Annual budget||$16.35 million (FY 2015)|
|Parent department||U.S. Department of State|
The Bureau of Energy Resources (ENR) is an agency in the United States Department of State that coordinates the department's efforts in promoting international energy security. The bureau is under the purview of the Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment.
The head of the Bureau of Energy Resources is Assistant Secretary Francis R. Fannon.
The Bureau of Energy Resources was established in October 2011, following a recommendation in the 2010 Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review calling on the department to create a bureau uniting diplomatic and programmatic efforts in the global production and use of energy. The new bureau combined personnel and assets previously assigned to existing energy-related offices in the department, primarily from what is now the Bureau of Economic and Business Affairs.
The bureau is headed by the Special Envoy and Coordinator for International Energy Affairs, who is appointed by the United States Secretary of State. Four Deputy Assistant Secretaries also oversee different divisions of the bureau, namely Energy Diplomacy, Energy Transformation, Energy Governance and Access, and Bureau Implementation and Coordination. Six unique offices exist within the bureau:
- Office of Europe, the Western Hemisphere, and Africa
- Office of the Middle East and Asia
- Office of Alternative and Renewable Energy
- Office of Electricity and Energy Efficiency
- Office of Policy Analysis and Public Diplomacy
- Office of Energy Programs
The bureau manages three foreign assistance programs with a total FY 2014 budget of $11.8 million in economic support funds. ENR relies heavily on interagency agreements with the Departments of Interior, Commerce, and Treasury, as well as on contracted private-sector firms, to implement technical assistance.
- "Inspection of the Bureau of Energy Resources" (PDF). Inspector General of the Department of State. February 2016. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- Johnson, Keith (November 16, 2011). "U.S. Brings Diplomacy to Politics Of Energy". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- Goldberg, Suzanne (November 21, 2011). "Energy resource bureau aims to bring State Department out of the dark ages". The Guardian. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- "Department Organization Chart". U.S. Department of State. March 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- "State Department Launches "Bureau of Energy Resources"". Spokesperson for the United States Department of State. November 16, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- "The State Department's New Bureau of Energy Resources: Shaping America's Global Energy Policy". U.S. Department of State. November 16, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
- "Bureau of Energy Resources (ENR)". Foreign Affairs Manual. October 22, 2012. Retrieved April 4, 2016.