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Bureau of Indian Standards

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Bureau of Indian Standards
Statutory body (Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986) overview
Formed23 December 1986; 37 years ago (1986-12-23)
HeadquartersManak Bhawan, Old Delhi
MottoSanskrit: मानकः पथप्रदर्शकः, romanizedMānakaḥ Pathapradarśakaḥ)
Statutory body (Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986) executive
  • Pramod Kumar Tiwari, IAS, Director General[1]
Parent Statutory body (Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986)Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution

The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the National Standards Body of India under Department of Consumer affairs,[2] Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, Government of India.[3] It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016 which came into effect on 12 October 2017.[4] The Minister in charge of the Ministry or Department having administrative control of the BIS is the ex-officio President of the BIS. BIS has 500 plus scientific officers working as Certification Officers, Member secretaries of technical committees and lab OIC's.[5][6]

The organisation was formerly the Indian Standards Institution (ISI), set up under the Resolution of the Department of Industries and Supplies No. 1 Std.(4)/45, dated 3 September 1946. The ISI was registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.

A new Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) Act 2016 which was notified on 22 March 2016, has been brought into force with effect from 12 October 2017. The Act establishes the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India.

As a National Standards Body, it has 25 members drawn from Central or State Governments, industry, scientific and research institutions, and consumer organisations. Its headquarters are in New Delhi, with regional offices in Eastern Region at Kolkata, southern Region at Chennai, Western Region at Mumbai, Northern Region at Chandigarh and Central Region at Delhi and 20 branch offices. It also works as WTO-TBT enquiry point for India.[7]

Regulatory framework[edit]

National Building Code of India, 2005[edit]

It is a comprehensive building code for regulating the building construction activities across the country which was first published in 1970.[8] Preliminary Draft Amendment No. 1 to NBC 2005 Part 11 "Approach to Sustainability" was put into circulation a preliminary draft amendment and BIS accepted the feedback from people till 15 March 2013.[9]

Indian Standards Bill, 2015[edit]

The Bill was passed on 8 March 2016 by the Rajya Sabha.[10] The new Bill will repeal the existing Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986. The main objectives of the legislation are:

  • To establish the Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) as the National Standards Body of India.
  • The Bureau to perform its functions through a governing council, which will consist of President and other members.
  • To include goods, services and systems, besides articles and processes under the standardization regime.
  • To enable the government to bring under the mandatory certification regime for such articles, processes or service which it considers necessary from the point of view of health, safety, environment, prevention of deceptive practices, consumer security etc. This will help consumers receive ISI certified products and will also help in prevention of import of sub-standard products.
  • To allow multiple types of simplified conformity assessment schemes including self-declaration of conformity (SDOC) against any standard which will give multiple simplified options to manufacturers to adhere to standards and get a certificate of conformity, thus improving the 'ease of doing business'.
  • To enable the Government to implement mandatory hallmarking of precious metals articles.
  • To strengthen penal provisions for better effective compliance and enable compounding of offences for violations.
  • To provide recall, including product liability of products bearing the Standard Mark, but not conforming to relevant Indian Standards.
  • Repeal of the BIS Act of 1986.[11]
  • The Bureau of Indian Standards Act 2016 received the assent of the President on 21 March 2016.[12]


National Institute of Training for Standardization (NITS)[edit]

It is a training institute of BIS which is set up in 1995. It is functioning from Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.[13]

The primary activities of NITS are:

  • In-House and Open Training Programme for Industry
  • International Training Programme for Developing Countries (Commonwealth countries)
  • Training Programme to its employees.



To support the activities of product certification, BIS has a chain of 8 laboratories. These laboratories have established testing facilities for products of chemical, food, electrical and mechanical disciplines. Approximately, 25000 samples are being tested in the BIS laboratories every year. In certain cases where it is economically not feasible to develop test facilities in BIS laboratories and also for other reasons like overloading of samples, equipment being out of order, the services of outside approved laboratories are also being availed. Except for the two labs, all the other labs are NABL (National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories) accredited. It operates a laboratory recognition scheme also.

Small Scale Industry Facilitation Cell[edit]

SSI Facilitation Cell became operational since 26 May 1997. The aim of the Cell is to assist the small scale entrepreneurs who are backbone of the Indian industry. It has an incentive scheme to promote such units to get certified with ISI Mark.

Grievance Cell[edit]

If any customer reports about the degraded quality of any certified product at Grievance Cell, BIS HQs, BIS gives redressal to the customer.

Collaboration with international standards bodies[edit]

BIS is a founder member of International Organization for Standardization (ISO). It represents India in the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the World Standards Service Network (WSSN).


Standard formulation and promotion[edit]

One of the major functions of the Bureau is the formulation, recognition and promotion of the Indian Standards. As on 1 January 2019, over 20,000 Standards have been formulated by BIS, are in force. These cover important segments of economy, which help the industry in upgrading the quality of their products and services.

BIS has identified 15 sectors which are important to Indian Industry. For formulation of Indian Standard, it has separate Division Council to oversee and supervise the work. The Standards are regularly reviewed and formulated in line with the technological development to maintain harmony with the International Standards.

Product Certification[edit]

Product certification is a process through which a third-party organization or certification body assesses and verifies that a product meets specific standards, specifications, or regulatory requirements. The primary purpose of product certification is to ensure that a product is safe, reliable, and compliant with the relevant quality and safety standards. It provides consumers with confidence that the product they are purchasing meets established criteria and has been independently tested and evaluated.

For Indian manufacturers[edit]

Product Certifications are to be obtained voluntarily. For, some of the products like Milk powder, Drinking Water, LPG Cylinders, etc., certification is mandatory. Because these products are concerned with health and safety.[14]

For foreign manufacturers[edit]

Compulsory Registratio Logo

Foreign manufacturers of products who intend to export to India also may obtain a BIS product certification license. For some products various Indian government ministries/departments/agencies makes its compulsory to have BIS certification. Towards this, BIS launched its Product Certification Scheme for overseas manufacturers in the year 2000, which is called Foreign Manufacturers Certification Scheme. Under the provisions of this scheme, foreign manufacturers can seek certification from BIS for marking their product(s) with BIS Standard Mark. The foreign manufacturer needs to appoint an Authorized Indian Representative who will be an Indian Resident to act as an agent between BIS and the manufacturer. Depending on the product, the manufacturer has to imprint one of two possible marks on the product label. The Standard Mark or the ISI Mark. The Standard Mark is compulsory for certain types of electronics and IT goods, whereas the ISI mark is mandatory for product categories such as cement, household electrical products, food products, steel materials, etc. The ISI mark is also used for several voluntary BIS certification product categories.[citation needed]

For Indian importers[edit]

Indian importers who intend to get Certification Mark may apply for the license. However, the assessment visit is paid to the original product manufacturer.[15]

Management System Certification[edit]

  • Quality Management System Certification Scheme IS/ISO 9001
  • Environmental Management System Certification Scheme IS/ISO 14001
  • Occupational Health and Safety Management System Certification Scheme IS 18001
  • Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Scheme IS 15000
  • Food Safety Management System Certification IS/ISO 22000
  • Service Quality Management System Certification Scheme IS 15700
  • Energy Management System Certification Scheme IS/ISO 50001
  • Medical Devices Management System Certification Scheme IS/ISO 13485
  • Social Accountability Management System Certification Scheme IS 16001
  • Integrated Management System Certification Scheme
  • Road Traffic Safety Management System Certification Scheme IS/ISO 39001
  • Ready Mixed Concrete Certification Scheme
  • Integrated Milk Certification Scheme
  • Adventure Tourism Safety Management System Certification Scheme IS/ISO 21101
  • Food Safety Auditing as per Food Safety and Standards (Food Safety Audit) Regulations, 2018

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Message from Director General". Official website. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  2. ^ http://bis.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/BIS-Act-2016.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ "Bureau of Indian Standards told to monitor manufacture sale of helmets". The Hindu. 13 April 2021.
  4. ^ "The Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 2016" (PDF). www.bis.org.in. Bureau of Indian Standards. 23 December 2016.
  5. ^ https://bis.gov.in/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/HRD_07042021.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  6. ^ "Bureau of Indian Standards to set standards for the services sector too". The Hindu.
  7. ^ BIS Annual Report 2006–07 (PDF)
  8. ^ "National Building Code updated". The Hindu. Thiruvananthapuram, India. 16 September 2006. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  9. ^ . 3 December 2013 https://web.archive.org/web/20131203003336/http://web.iianc.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/ced467830WC1.pdf. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2021. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "Parliament clears Bureau of Indian Standards Bill 2015". Business Standard. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  12. ^ http://www.bis.org.in/bs/BIS_Act_2016.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  14. ^ "Bureau of Indian Standards". India Portal, National Informatics Centre, Indian Government. Archived from the original on 7 May 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  15. ^ "Quality Management System and Certification". Business Portal of Indian Government, National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 29 May 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012.

External links[edit]