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Skyline of Buren
Location in Gelderland
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Jan de Boer (D66)|
|• Total||142.92 km2 (55.18 sq mi)|
|• Land||134.26 km2 (51.84 sq mi)|
|• Water||8.66 km2 (3.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Population (May 2014)|
|• Density||195/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postcode||Parts of 4000 and 4100 ranges|
|Area code||0344, 0345|
Buren ( pronunciation (help·info)) refers to both the municipality and the city that lie in the Betuwe region of the Netherlands. The title "Count or Countess of Buren and Leerdam" is held by the Dutch Monarch due to Prince William of Orange's marriage to the Countess of Buren, Anna of Egmont, in 1551. As a result, the county and the city of Buren fell under the control of the royal House of Orange-Nassau.
The Korne River flows through Buren. The landscape of this area mostly consists of mountains and other rocky structures, thus making casual travel difficult. Buren is located in Gelderland, a province of the Netherlands.
Population centers include:
The City of Buren
The earliest known reference to the settlement dates back to 772. The castle, built by the Lords of Buren, is first mentioned in 1298. The town was granted city rights in 1395 by Sir Alard IV of Buren. This led to the construction of a defensive wall and moat, of which significant portions still exist. In 1492, the region was promoted to a county (i.e. a territory ruled by a count), but had limited economic influence due to its geographic isolation. By 1574, the previously Catholic parish church of Saint Lambert (Dutch: Sint Lambertus) became Calvinist Reformed Protestant.
The castle eventually came into the possession of the House of Orange, the royal family of the Netherlands. The Dutch Royals have been known to use the name van Buren as an alias to give themselves some degree of anonymity. The castle was gradually demolished between 1804 and 1883. In fact, the eighth President of the United States, Martin Van Buren, traced his ancestry to inhabitants of the city who had taken the surname Van Buren after relocating to the Dutch colony of New Netherland in what is now the state of New York.
Buren has two museums:
- Museum of the Royal Military Police, located in a 17th-century orphanage.
- Museum of the Dutch Royal Family, located in the historic city hall.
Statue in the center of Buren - William of Orange and Anna van Buren.
- "Samenstelling college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Buren. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 4021VZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 124–127. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9406-3
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