Skyline of Buren
Location in Gelderland
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Jan de Boer (D66)|
|• Total||142.92 km2 (55.18 sq mi)|
|• Land||134.26 km2 (51.84 sq mi)|
|• Water||8.66 km2 (3.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Population (February 2017)|
|• Density||195/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postcode||Parts of 4000 and 4100 ranges|
|Area code||0344, 0345|
Buren is located in Gelderland, a province of the Netherlands. The landscape mostly consists of hills and other rocky structures with the Korne River flowing through it.
Population centers include:
The earliest known settlement of the region occurred as early as 772. The castle was built by the Lords of Buren and was first mentioned in 1298. The town was granted city rights in 1395 by Sir Alard IV of Buren which led to the construction of a defensive wall and a moat, significant portions of which still stand. In 1492, the region was promoted to a county (i.e. a territory ruled by a count) but had limited economic influence due to its geographic isolation. By 1574, the previously Catholic parish church of Saint-Lambert (Dutch: Sint Lambertus) became Calvinist Reformed Protestant.
The Castle eventually came into the possession of the House of Orange, the royal family of the Netherlands. The Dutch royal family has been known to use the name van Buren as an alias to give themselves some degree of anonymity. The Castle was gradually demolished between 1804 and 1883. The eighth president of the United States, Martin Van Buren, traced his ancestry to inhabitants of the city, who had taken the surname Van Buren after relocating to the Dutch colony of New Netherland in what is now the state of New York.
Buren has two museums:
- The Museum of the Royal Military Police, located in a 17th-century orphanage.
- The Museum of the Dutch Royal Family, located in the historic city hall.
It is also home to De Prins Van Oranje, a restored windmill.
Government and Politics
The title "Count or Countess of Buren and Leerdam" is held by the Dutch monarchy due to Prince William of Orange's marriage to the Countess of Buren, Anna of Egmont, in 1551. As a result, the county and the town of Buren fall under the control of the Royal House of Orange-Nassau.
Statue in the center of Buren - William of Orange and Anna van Buren.
- "Samenstelling college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Buren. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 4021VZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 7 April 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 124–127. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9406-3
- "Home - Marechausseemuseum". Marechausseemuseum.nl. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "Burenenoranje". burenenoranje.nl. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
- "Zorgatlas". www.zorgatlas.nl. Retrieved 15 January 2017.