Skyline of Buren
Location in Gelderland
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Jan de Boer (D66)|
|• Total||142.92 km2 (55.18 sq mi)|
|• Land||134.26 km2 (51.84 sq mi)|
|• Water||8.66 km2 (3.34 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Population (May 2014)|
|• Density||195/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postcode||Parts of 4000 and 4100 ranges|
|Area code||0344, 0345|
Buren ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a municipality and a city in the Betuwe region in the Netherlands. It is also a historical county, with the Dutch Monarch still holding the title "Count of Buren".
The river Korne flows through Buren.
Population centers include:
The city of Buren
The earliest known reference to the settlement dates from 772. The castle built by the Lords of Buren is first mentioned in 1298. The town was granted city rights in 1395 by Sir Alard IV of Buren, which led to the construction of a defensive wall and a moat. Significant parts of these still exist. In 1492 the region was promoted to a county (i.e. ruled by a count), but due to its isolated position it never became very important economically. By 1574 the previously Catholic parish church of Saint Lambert (Dutch: Sint Lambertus) had already become Calvinist Reformed Protestant.
The castle eventually came into the possession of the House of Orange, the later royal family of the Netherlands. One of King Willem-Alexander's titles is the Count of Buren. The Dutch Royals have been known to use the name van Buren as an alias to give them some degree of anonymity. The castle was gradually demolished between 1804 and 1883.
The eighth President of the United States, Martin Van Buren, traced his ancestry to inhabitants of the city, who had taken the surname Van Buren after relocating to the Dutch colony of New Netherland, now the State of New York.
Buren has two museums.
- Museum of the Royal Military Police Located in a 17th-century orphanage.
- Museum of the Dutch Royal Family (in Dutch) Located in the historic city hall.
Statue in the center of Buren - William of Orange and Anna van Buren.
- "Samenstelling college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Buren. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 4021VZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
- Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 124–127. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9406-3
||Wijk bij Duurstede (UT), Utrechtse Heuvelrug (UT)