Burgess reagent

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Burgess reagent
Burgess.svg
Names
IUPAC name
1-methoxy-N-triethylammoniosulfonyl-methanimidate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.157.812
Properties
C8H18N2O4S
Molar mass 238.30 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

The Burgess reagent or methyl N-(triethylammoniumsulfonyl)carbamate was developed in the laboratory of Edward M. Burgess at Georgia Tech. It is a mild and selective dehydrating reagent often used in organic chemistry.[1][2] It is used to convert secondary and tertiary alcohol with an adjacent proton into alkenes. Primary alcohols do not work well. The reagent is soluble in common organic solvents and alcohol dehydration takes place with syn elimination through an intramolecular elimination reaction. The Burgess reagent is a carbamate and an inner salt. A general mechanism is shown below.

General Mechanism for the Burgess reagent.

Preparation[edit]

The reagent is prepared from chlorosulfonylisocyanate by reaction with subsequent treatment with methanol and triethylamine in benzene:[3]

Burgess reagent

References[edit]

  1. ^ Atkins, G. M.; Burgess, E. M. (1968). "The reactions of an N-sulfonylamine inner salt". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 90 (17): 4744–4745. doi:10.1021/ja01019a052. 
  2. ^ Sachin Khapli, Satyajit Dey & Dipakranjan Mal (2001). "Burgess reagent in organic synthesis" (PDF). J. Indian Inst. Sci. 81: 461–476. 
  3. ^ Edward M. Burgess; Harold R. Penton Jr. & E. A. Taylor (1973). "Thermal reactions of alkyl N-carbomethoxysulfamate esters". J. Org. Chem. 38 (1): 26–31. doi:10.1021/jo00941a006.