Burgh St Peter
|Burgh St Peter|
18th-century tower of St Mary's parish church
|Area||8.41 km2 (3.25 sq mi)|
|Population||274 (2011 Census)|
|• Density||33/km2 (85/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
Burgh St Peter is a village and civil parish in the South Norfolk district of Norfolk, England. The village is about 3 1⁄2 miles (6 km) northeast of Beccles in Suffolk. The village is about 50 feet (15 m) above sea level, sharing the same slight hill with Wheatacre about 1⁄2 mile (800 m) to the northwest.
The River Waveney forms the parish boundary to the south, east and northeast of Burgh St Peter, and also forms the county boundary with Suffolk. Low-lying land beside the Waveney forms a series of levels in the parish, the largest of which is Burgh Marshes northeast of the village. The parish covers an area of 3 1⁄4 square miles (8.4 km2). The 2011 Census recorded its population as 274.
The present parish church is next to the Waveney about 2 miles (3 km) east of the village. It is built of flint with some red brickwork. Its earliest parts are 13th-century, including the north and south doors of the nave. The chancel, piscina, sedilia and some of the windows are early 14th-century. The baptismal font is late 14th-century and the timber frame of the nave roof is 15th-century. The chancel roof is newer, but is continuous with that of the nave. Both are thatched.
In the 16th century work began on a west tower of flint with angle buttresses of brick. It is not clear if it was ever completed, but by the late 18th century it was reported to be "ruinous".
In 1793 Rev. Samuel Boycott, who was both lord of the manor and vicar of the parish, was granted a faculty by the Diocese of Norwich to rebuild or complete the tower as his mausoleum. The result is an unusual, possibly unique Georgian Gothick brick tower in which each stage is smaller than those below.
Burgh St Peter had two tower mills. One ground corn and the other pumped water to drain the land.
The corn mill was a red brick tower built about 1825. It was five storeys high and had four sails. By 1872 an auxiliary steam engine had been installed to work the mill when there was too little wind. By 1937 it was out of use and had lost one pair of sails. It was in a similar condition in 1949, but by 1989 the remaining sails had been removed and the tower had been reduced to three storeys. It has now been converted into part of a house.
The pumping mill was also a brick tower with four sails. It was still intact in 1920.
Charles Boycott, grandson of Rev. Samuel Boycott, was born at Burgh St Peter in 1832 and is buried here. Whereas his father and grandfather were ordained into the Church of England, from 1849 Charles was a Captain in the 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot serving in Ireland. In 1852 he left the Army and became a farmer outside Ballinrobe, County Mayo in Connacht. In 1873 he became a tenant and the land agent of the Earl of Erne, who was an absentee landlord.
A poor harvest in 1880 led to a rent dispute between the Earl and his poorer tenants. Boycott tried to evict the defaulters but was resisted, and Boycott's workforce either deserted him or was forced out of his service by his opponents, leaving his crops unharvested. Despite help with his harvest by Orange Order volunteers from two counties in Ulster, and protection by the Royal Irish Constabulary and a detachment of the 19th Royal Hussars, Boycott found his position untenable and left Ireland under military escort. The incident led both to land reform in Ireland and to Boycott's name becoming a verb for "a systematic refusal of normal commercial or social relations".
In 1886 Boycott became a land agent at Flixton in Suffolk. He died there in 1897 and was buried at Burgh St Peter, where his nephew Rev. Arthur St John Boycott conducted his funeral.
- "Burgh St Peter parish information". South Norfolk Council. 16 May 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2009.
- "Area: Burgh St. Peter (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Pevsner 1962, p. 103.
- Historic England. "Church of St Mary (Grade II*) (1304545)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- "St Mary, Burgh St Peter". Norfolk Churches. Simon Knott. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- "Burgh St Peter towermill". Norfolk Windmills. Jonathan Neville. 2005. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- "Burgh St Peter drainage mill". Norfolk Windmills. Jonathan Neville. 2005. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Brown 1993, p. 270.
Sources and further reading
- Boycott, Charles Arthur (1997). Boycott – The Life Behind the Word. Carbonel Press. ISBN 0-9531407-0-9.
- Brown, Lesley, ed. (1993) . The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles. 1 A–M. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 270. ISBN 0-19-861134-X.
- Marlow, Joyce (1973). Captain Boycott and the Irish. London: André Deutsch. ISBN 0-233-96430-4.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1962). North-West and South Norfolk. The Buildings of England. 2. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 102–103. ISBN 0-14-071024-8.
Media related to Burgh St Peter at Wikimedia Commons