Burgh Windmill

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Burgh Windmill
Burgh Mill, Suffolk 2005.jpg
The converted mill, May 2005
Origin
Mill name Burgh Mill
Mill location TM 230 514
Coordinates 52°06′57″N 1°15′29″E / 52.11583°N 1.25806°E / 52.11583; 1.25806Coordinates: 52°06′57″N 1°15′29″E / 52.11583°N 1.25806°E / 52.11583; 1.25806
Operator(s) Private
Year built 1842
Information
Purpose Corn mill
Type Tower mill
Storeys Seven storeys
No. of sails Four Sails
Type of sails Patent sails
Winding Fantail
Auxiliary power Engine
No. of pairs of millstones Four pairs

Burgh Mill is a Grade II listed[1] tower mill at Burgh, Suffolk, England which has been converted to residential accommodation.

History[edit]

Burgh Mill was built in 1842 by John Whitmore the Wickham Market millwright for Francis Buttrum. It replaced an earlier tower mill nearby.[2] The mill was the tallest one built by Whitmore. In 1919, an 8 horsepower (6.0 kW) engine was installed.[3] The mill worked by wind until 1922 and the machinery was dismantled in 1925 by millwright Amos Clarke.[2] From July 1940 the mill became home to L.1 post of the Observer Corps after moving from their previous location. The high vantage point afforded by the mill enabled the Observers to plot and report the movement of aircraft in the area as part of a nationwide network of observation posts. Post L.1 operated as part of a "cluster" of three such posts L.2 being located at Wolverstone and L.3 at Felixstowe all reporting to 18 Group ROC in Colchester. The building was to remain occupied by the Royal Observer Corps until a new underground post was constructed immediately south west in 1960.[4] The mill was derelict in 1997,[3] but by 2005 it had gained a new galleried cap.[5]

Description[edit]

For an explanation of the various pieces of machinery, see Mill machinery.

Burgh Mill is a seven storey tower mill with an ogee cap which has a gallery. It had four Patent sails and was winded by a fantail.[2] The tower is 23 feet (7.01 m) diameter internally at ground floor level and 13 feet (3.96 m) diameter internally at curb level. The height of the tower is 57 feet (17.37 m) to the curb. the four pairs of millstones were on the third floor.[3] Recently renovated in 2004, it was reroofed and the brickwork replaced using the original suffolk white bricks

Millers[edit]

  • Francis Buttrum 1842-

References for above:-[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BURGH MILL, MILL HILL (west side), BURGH, SUFFOLK COASTAL, SUFFOLK". English Heritage. Retrieved 23 May 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d Dolman, Peter (1978). Windmills in Suffolk. Ipswich: Suffolk Mills Group. p. 40. ISBN 0-9506447-0-6. 
  3. ^ a b c Regan, Dean (1997). Windmills of Suffolk. Suffolk: Dean Regan. p. 68. ISBN 0-9531562-0-6. 
  4. ^ Wood, Derek (1992). Attack Warning Red - The Royal Observer Corps and the defence of Britain 1925 to 1992. Portsmouth: Carmichael & Sweet. p. 310. ISBN 0356-08411-6. 
  5. ^ "Burgh windmill, Suffolk". Windmill World. Retrieved 23 May 2009.