Burgos (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Burgos
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Burgos).png
Location of Burgos within Spain
Province Burgos
Autonomous community Castile and León
Population 364,002 (2016)
Electorate 300,243 (2016)
Major settlements Burgos
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 4

Burgos is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects four deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Burgos is currently set at four. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Burgos 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 3
1st 1979
1 3
2nd 1982
2 2
3rd 1986
2 2
4th 1989
2 2
5th 1993
2 2
6th 1996
1 3
7th 2000
1 3
8th 2004
2 2
9th 2008
2 2
10th 2011
1 3
11th 2015
1 1 2
12th 2016
1 1 2

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 88,785 42.90 +4.88 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 45,724 22.09 +1.40 1 ±0
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 35,705 17.25 –4.52 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 30,361 14.67 –0.88 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,812 0.88 –0.07
Total 206,981 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 206,981 98.92 –0.05
Invalid votes 2,265 1.08 +0.05
Votes cast / turnout 209,246 69.69 –2.75
Abstentions 90,997 30.31 +2.75
Registered voters 300,243
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 82,037 38.02 –16.19 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 44,640 20.69 –7.28 1 ±0
We Can (Podemos) 36,818 17.06 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 33,558 15.55 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 10,171 4.71 –0.84 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 2,356 1.09 –6.43 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,049 0.95 –0.90
Total 215,787 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 215,787 98.97 +0.46
Invalid votes 2,250 1.03 –0.46
Votes cast / turnout 218,037 72.44 +0.74
Abstentions 82,948 27.56 –0.74
Registered voters 300,985
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 116,057 54.21 +3.70 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 59,878 27.97 –12.49 1 –1
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 16,090 7.52 +5.41 0 ±0
United Left of Castile and León: Plural Left (IUCL) 11,892 5.55 +2.66 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,952 1.85 +0.46
Total 214,093 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 214,093 98.51 –0.94
Invalid votes 3,235 1.49 +0.94
Votes cast / turnout 217,328 71.70 –5.75
Abstentions 85,781 28.30 +5.75
Registered voters 303,109
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 117,613 50.51 –1.45 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 94,202 40.46 +1.53 2 ±0
United Left–Alternative (IU) 6,735 2.89 –0.38 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 4,922 2.11 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,236 1.39 –1.18
Total 232,851 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 232,851 99.45 +0.16
Invalid votes 1,279 0.55 –0.16
Votes cast / turnout 234,130 77.45 –0.82
Abstentions 68,172 22.55 +0.82
Registered voters 302,302
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 122,415 51.96 –6.40 2 –1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 91,727 38.93 +9.92 2 +1
United Left (IU) 7,703 3.27 –1.31 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 3,218 1.37 –3.07 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,046 2.57 ±0.00
Total 235,597 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 235,597 99.29 –0.06
Invalid votes 1,694 0.71 +0.06
Votes cast / turnout 237,291 78.27 +4.67
Abstentions 65,886 21.73 –4.67
Registered voters 303,177
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 129,501 58.36 +3.99 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 64,358 29.01 –1.77 1 ±0
United Left (IU) 10,153 4.58 –6.51 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 9,862 4.44 +3.07 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,704 2.57 +0.96
Total 221,883 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 221,883 99.35 +0.14
Invalid votes 1,449 0.65 –0.14
Votes cast / turnout 223,332 73.60 –4.55
Abstentions 80,121 26.40 +4.55
Registered voters 303,453
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 126,837 54.37 +4.80 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 71,804 30.78 –3.41 1 –1
United Left of Castile and León (IU–CL) 25,880 11.09 +2.04 0 ±0
Commoners' Land–Castilian Nationalist Party (TC–PNC) 3,205 1.37 +0.65 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,753 1.61 +0.22
Total 233,277 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 233,277 99.21 +0.15
Invalid votes 1,856 0.79 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 235,133 78.15 +0.36
Abstentions 65,752 21.85 –0.36
Registered voters 300,885
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 111,439 49.57 +6.11 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 76,863 34.19 +1.85 2 ±0
United Left (IU) 20,343 9.05 +1.18 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 6,734 3.00 –7.80 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,121 1.39 +0.21
Total 224,834 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 224,834 99.06 +0.22
Invalid votes 2,136 0.94 –0.22
Votes cast / turnout 226,970 77.79 +5.52
Abstentions 64,806 22.21 –5.52
Registered voters 291,776
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP)1 88,446 43.46 +3.95 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 65,811 32.34 –4.84 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 21,973 10.80 –3.35 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 16,010 7.87 +5.15 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (LVE) 3,544 1.74 New 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 2,202 1.08 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,398 1.18 +0.18
Total 203,508 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 203,508 98.84 +0.84
Invalid votes 2,395 1.16 –0.84
Votes cast / turnout 205,903 72.27 +0.76
Abstentions 79,000 27.73 –0.76
Registered voters 284,903
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 79,153 39.51 –3.44 2 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 74,484 37.18 –0.41 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 28,353 14.15 +9.24 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 5,439 2.72 +0.96 0 ±0
Democratic Reformist Party (PRD) 4,476 2.23 New 0 ±0
Communists' Unity Board (MUC) 2,029 1.01 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,997 1.00 +0.21
Total 200,318 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 200,318 98.00 +0.29
Invalid votes 4,095 2.00 –0.29
Votes cast / turnout 204,413 71.51 –7.72
Abstentions 81,447 28.49 +7.72
Registered voters 285,860
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 90,969 42.95 +34.76 2 +2
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 79,626 37.59 +14.63 2 +1
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 20,609 9.73 –43.21 0 –3
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 10,404 4.91 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 3,737 1.76 –2.23 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,667 0.79 +0.22
Total 211,814 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 211,814 97.71 –0.61
Invalid votes 4,965 2.29 +0.61
Votes cast / turnout 216,779 79.23 +11.27
Abstentions 56,832 20.77 –11.27
Registered voters 273,611
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 95,425 52.94 +4.97 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 41,394 22.96 –4.02 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 14,759 8.19 –7.22 0 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 7,189 3.99 +1.43 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 6,900 3.83 +3.10 0 ±0
Nationalist Party of Castile and León (PANCAL) 2,636 1.46 New 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)4 2,288 1.27 +0.44 0 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (historical) (PSOEh)5 2,250 1.25 +0.79 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)6 2,215 1.23 –0.47 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,026 0.57 +0.17
Total 180,249 100.00 4 ±0
Valid votes 180,249 98.32 ±0.00
Invalid votes 3,087 1.68 ±0.00
Votes cast / turnout 183,336 67.96 –11.36
Abstentions 86,435 32.04 +11.36
Registered voters 269,771
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Burgos
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 89,363 47.97 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 44,388 23.83 1
People's Alliance (AP) 28,707 15.41 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 5,870 3.15 0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 4,765 2.56 0
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 3,172 1.70 0
Christian Democracy FederationChristian Democracy Team (FDC–EDC) 3,012 1.62 0
Spanish Social Reform (RSE) 1,881 1.01 0
Blank ballots 743 0.40
Total 186,301 100.00 4
Valid votes 186,301 98.32
Invalid votes 3,184 1.68
Votes cast / turnout 189,485 79.32
Abstentions 49,400 20.68
Registered voters 238,885
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 42°23′N 3°40′W / 42.383°N 3.667°W / 42.383; -3.667