|• Mayor||Kilian Stephan|
|• Total||1.10 km2 (0.42 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Burgsponheim is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bad Kreuznach district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Rüdesheim, whose seat is in the municipality of Rüdesheim an der Nahe. Burgsponheim is a winegrowing centre.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Religion
- 4 Politics
- 5 Culture and sightseeing
- 6 Economy and infrastructure
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Burgsponheim is one of the smaller municipalities in the Verbandsgemeinde of Rüdesheim with roughly 300 inhabitants. It lies on a hill above the Ellerbach valley and is framed on all sides by woodland, meadows and vineyards, leading through which are hiking trails. Burgsponheim lies between the Soonwald and the Nahe, 15 km west of Bad Kreuznach and about 50 km west of Mainz. For centuries it was characterized by agriculture and winegrowing, but over the last thirty years or so it has undergone a shift to an almost purely residential community.
Also belonging to Burgsponheim is the outlying homestead of Akvas Mühle.
What is now the land making up Burgsponheim began to be settled sometime about the 10th century when the Counts of Sponheim began building work on their castle (the Burg— prefix in the village’s name means “castle”; the rest of the name is drawn from the comital family’s name). The castle had its first documentary mention in 1127. A man named Bertoldus clericus, capellanus de castro Spanheim (“Bertoldus the cleric, chaplain at Castle Sponheim”) appeared among the series of witnesses to a document signed by Count Meginhard of Sponheim. A further document from Archbishop of Mainz Adalbert in that same year described that same nobleman as commes Megenhardus de castro Spanheim (“Count Megenhardus from Castle Sponheim”). In the early 13th century, the Counts of Sponheim moved their residential and administrative seat, formerly at Castle Kautzenburg, to Kreuznach. This, and the later division of the Counts of Sponheim into the Starkenburg and Kreuznach lines led to the original Castle Sponheim gradually losing its importance about 1235. In 1620, during the Thirty Years' War, the whole castle complex was destroyed by the Spanish general Spinola. The village’s situation, along with the wartime predicament in which its agriculture then found itself is documented in depth in Sebastian Wendell’s Burgsponheimer Tagebuch (journal). This book, kept in the years 1639 to 1646, is available today in a reprint edition. During the war, the village was often overrun. Many times, the villagers fled for shelter at the Schloss in Winterburg. Many were killed in the war’s ravages. In 1721, a simple church was set up in the former “tithe barn”. The building was given a ridge turret. Bit by bit, the village grew. A great number of the buildings that now stand in the village centre date from the late 18th or early 19th century. Around the village arose a belt of newer, bigger properties. From 1896 to 1936, the Kreuznach-Winterburg Kleinbahn line led by Burgsponheim and had stops at the mills in the Ellerbach valley. This line is nowadays used as a cycle path and hiking trail and is part of the Verbandsgemeinde of Rüdesheim cycle path circuit (about 35 km long). Burgsponheim won first place in the main class in the contest Unser Dorf soll schöner werden (“Our village should become lovelier”) or Unser Dorf hat Zukunft (“Our village has a future” – both names are printed on the certificates) at the district level in 2002, and third place in the special class in 2003.
As at 31 August 2013, there are 246 full-time residents in Burgsponheim, and of those, 163 are Evangelical (66.26%), 40 are Catholic (16.26%) and 43 (17.48%) either have no religion or will not reveal their religious affiliation.
Burgsponheim’s mayor is Kilian Stephan, and his deputies are Dieter Kaul and Heinz Kaufmann.
Coat of arms
The municipality’s arms might be described thus: Per pale chequy of twenty-one argent and gules and gules issuant from base a tower embattled with six windows, two, two and two on a pedestal masoned sable, the whole of the first.
Culture and sightseeing
- Hauptstraße 4: plastered timber-frame house of an estate complex, marked 1616, one-floor front building, 18th or 19th century
- Hauptstraße 15: Baroque timber-frame house, partly solid, essentially from the mid 18th century; bricked-up portal arch, marked 1687 (?); house door marked 1898
- Im Lindengarten 1: former school with teacher’s dwelling; one-floor building with mansard roof built like a country house, Heimatstil, about 1910
- Castle Sponheim ruin (monumental zone): remnants of Castle Sponheim, founded about 1000, destroyed in 1620: ringwall, round tower; keep, early 13th century
The following clubs are active in Burgsponheim:
- Burgpiraten Burgsponheim e.V. — “Castle pirates” (children’s club)
- Frauenhilfe — women’s aid
- Freiwillige Feuerwehr — volunteer fire brigade
- Freundeskreis der Burg Sponheim e.V. — Castle Sponheim “Circle of Friends”
- Posaunenchor — trombone choir
- Pro Burgsponheim e.V. — club for promoting village community and making contributions to public and cultural life
- Seniorenkreis — seniors’ circle
Burgsponheim has a village song called Mein Burgsponheim, with melody by Chr. Etten and lyrics by Ludwig Hand from Burgsponheim. These are translated below.
Ich kenne ein Dörfchen am Ellerbachstrand:
I know a little village on the Ellerbach bank:
Erhebet die Gläser, stimmt fröhlich mit ein:
Raise your glasses, join merrily in:
Dort wohnet ein Völkchen, stets fröhlich und frei.
There lives a little people, always merry and free.
Weilst fern du, o Wanderer, im fremden Land,
While tarrying afar, O wanderer, in foreign lands,
Economy and infrastructure
Running through Burgsponheim is Kreisstraße 55, which towards the southeast leads to Bundesstraße 41, which itself leads to Bad Sobernheim to the west and Rüdesheim an der Nahe and Bad Kreuznach to the east. Just beyond Bad Kreuznach is an interchange onto Autobahn A 61 (Koblenz–Ludwigshafen). Serving neighbouring Waldböckelheim is a railway station on the Nahe Valley Railway (Bingen–Saarbrücken).
- "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2015" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016.
- Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz – Amtliches Verzeichnis der Gemeinden und Gemeindeteile, Seite 16 (PDF; 2,3 MB)
- Unser Dorf soll schöner werden
- Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz – Regionaldaten
- Kommunalwahl Rheinland-Pfalz 2009, Gemeinderat
- Burgsponheim’s council
- Coat of arms
- Directory of Cultural Monuments in Bad Kreuznach district
- Landkreis Bad Kreuznach: Inhaltsverzeichnis des Kreisrechtes[permanent dead link], abgerufen am 31. Oktober 2011
- Village song
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