Burhan al-Din al-Marghinani

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Burhan al-Din Ali al-Marghinani
Personal Details
Born 8 Rajab 511 AH[citation needed]
Died 14 Dhu'l-Hijjah 593 AH[citation needed]
Era Islamic Golden Age
Region Transoxania
Religion Islam
Creed Sunni Hanafi
Main interest(s) Fiqh, Islamic History
Arabic name
Personal (Ism) ‘Alī
Patronymic (Nasab) Ibn Abī Bakr ibn ‘Abd al-Jalīl
Teknonymic (Kunya) Abu’l-Ḥasan
Epithet
(Laqab)
Burhān al-Dīn
برهان الدين
Toponymic
(Nisba)
al-Farghānī, al-Marghīnānī
المرغيناني

Burhān al-Dīn Abu’l-Ḥasan ‘Alī bin Abī Bakr bin ‘Abd al-Jalīl al-Farghānī al-Marghīnānī[1] (Arabic: برهان الدين المرغيناني‎‎) was an Islamic scholar of the Hanafi school of jurisprudence. He was born in Marghinan near Farghana in 530/1135 (in present day Uzbekistan) He died in 593/1197.[2][3] He is best known as the author of al-Hidayah, which is considered to be one of the most influential compendia of Hanafi jurisprudence (fiqh).[4]

Life[edit]

Al-Marghanini performed the Hajj and visited Medina in the year 544 AH.[citation needed] He died on the 14th of Dhu'l-Hijjah in the year 593 AH one report indicates 596 AH and was buried in Samarqand.[citation needed]

Works[edit]

Al-Marghinani works (some extant and others known only from literary references) include:[5]

  • Nashr al-madhhab
  • Kitab manasik al-hajj
  • Kitab fi-l-fara'id (also known as Fara'id al-‘Uthmani)
  • Kitab al-tajnis wa-l-mazid (collection of fatwas)
  • Mukhtarat al-nawazil (collection of fatwas, also known as Mukhtarat majmu` al-nawazil and Mukhtar al-fatawa)
  • Mazid fi furu‘ al-hanafiyya
  • A commentary on al-Shaybani's al-Jami‘ al-kabir
  • Kitab bidayat al-mubtadi (his principle work, based on al-Quduri's Mukhtasar and al-Shaybani's al-Jami‘ al-saghir)
  • Kifayat al-muntaha (unfinished 8-volume commentary on his own Kitab bidayat al-mubtadi )
  • Al-Hidayah ("The Guide"), a work on Hanafi law and an abridgement of his commentary on Muhammad al-Shaybani's al-Jami‘ al-Saghir.[6]

Teachers[edit]

Al-Marghinani's most important teachers were:

  • Najm al-din Abu Hafs Umar an-Nasafi,[1] author of al-‘Aqa’id al-Nasafiyyah fi al-Tauhid;
  • Sadr al-Shahid Husam al-Din Umar bin Abd al-Aziz,[1] the commentator of Adab al-Qadi, the most popular book of Imam Khassaf which contains the Islamic Legal and Judicial System.
  • Al-Bandaniji, Imam Diya’uddin Muhammad ibn al-Husayn (the student of `Ala’uddin al-Samarqandi who was the author of Tuhfatul-Fuqaha’ and teacher and father in law of Abu Bakr al-Kasani (the author of Bada’i` al-Sana’i` fir Tartib al-Shara’i`).[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Heffening, W. (1960–2007). "al-Marg̲h̲īnānī". In P. Bearman; Th. Bianquis; C.E. Bosworth; E. van Donzel; W.P. Heinrichs. Encyclopaedia of Islam. 6 (2nd ed.). ISBN 9789004161214. 
  2. ^ Dr Imran Ahsan Khan Nyazee (trans.) Al-Hidayah: A classical manual of Hanafi Law Laws (Bristol) 2006
  3. ^ The Hedaya: Commentary on the Islamic Laws (Delhi) 1994 (2nd Edition 1870)
  4. ^ John L. Esposito, ed. (2014). "Marghinani, Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-". The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (subscription required (help)). 
  5. ^ W. Heffening. Encyclopedia of Islam, Brill, 2nd ed. "al-Marghinani", vol. 6, p. 558.
  6. ^ Skreslet, Paula Youngman; Skreslet, Rebecca (2006). "Four - Law and legal theory: shari'a and fiqh". The Literature of Islam: A Guide to the Primary Sources in English Translation. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-8108-5408-6.