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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Burhanpur District.
Shahi qila on the bank of Tapti river
Shahi qila on the bank of Tapti river
Nickname(s): Gate Way Of Deccan/Dkkhan Ka Darwaja
Burhanpur is located in Madhya Pradesh
Coordinates: 21°18′N 76°14′E / 21.3°N 76.23°E / 21.3; 76.23Coordinates: 21°18′N 76°14′E / 21.3°N 76.23°E / 21.3; 76.23
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Burhanpur
Founded 1380
 • Mayor Mr.Anil Bhosle
 • Total 181.06 km2 (69.91 sq mi)
Elevation 247 m (810 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,508,546
 • Density 25,000/km2 (64,000/sq mi)
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 450331
Telephone code (+91) 7325
Vehicle registration MP-68
Website www.burhanpur.nic.in

Burhanpur is a mid-size city in Madhya Pradesh state, India. It is the administrative seat of Burhanpur District. It is situated on the north bank of the Tapti River, 340 kilometres (211 mi) southwest of Bhopal and 540 kilometres (336 mi) northeast of Mumbai. The city has a Municipal Corporation, and also is one of the district headquarters of the state of Madhya Pradesh.


The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan hunting wild lions in Burhanpur (July 1630)

A Y-class city, Burhanpur was an important city under Rashtrakuta Dynasty during 753–982. During excavations in Tapti River & Asirgarh Fort many coins, goddess idols and temples discovered which belongs to prehistoric era. But, Burhanpur got its name and fame during medieval time.

In 1388, Malik Nasir Khan, the Faruqi dynasty Sultan of Khandesh discovered Burhanpur, at the behest of Shaikh Zainuddin and renamed it after a well known medieval sufi saint, Burhan-ud-Din. Burhanpur became the capital of the Khandesh sultanate. Later, Miran Adil Khan II (reigned 1457–1501), another sultan of this dynasty built a citadel and a number of palaces in Burhanpur.[1] During his long reign, Burhanpur was transformed to a major centre for trade and textile production. In 1601, Mughal emperor Akbar annexed the Khandesh sultanate and Burhanpur became the capital of Khandesh Subah of the Mughal empire. In 1609 Jahangir appointed his second son Parviz to the governorship of the Mughal provinces of the Deccan, and the prince chose Burhanpur as his headquarters as his residence.

Royal bath or hammam Shahi qila Burhanpur

It is a beautiful city with a lot of historical monuments existing in its expanse, primarily from the ruling times of Shah Jahan, the great Mughal emperor. Burhanpur was an important outpost of the Mughals. Shah Jahan spent a considerable time in this city, and helped add to the Shahi Qila. The Shahi Qila is one majestic palace in Burhanpur, located to the east of the Tapti River. Diwan-i-Aam and Diwan-i-Khas were built on the terrace of the Qila. Little of it remains today as the Qila is mostly in ruins now. However, the parts of the Palace that still stands displays amazing works of sculpture and exquisite carvings. The main attraction at the palace is the hamam or the royal bath. It was specifically built for Shah Jahan's wife, Begum Mumtaz Mahal, so that she could enjoy a luxurious bath. It is said that she died here giving birth to her fourteenth child. Even today, the ceiling has many intricate paintings. One of these paintings depicts a monument which is said to have been the inspiration for the Taj Mahal.[2]

Under the Marathas[edit]

In 1681, Burhanpur was raided by Sambhaji, who allowed his troops to loot and torture the Muslim population for three days.[3] An immense Mughal wealth was plundered by the Marathas, since Burhanpur was a Mughal banking community.[3] In this campaign he was joined by his general Hambirrao Mohite. Later Sambhaji would be executed by Aurangzeb.[4] However, Aurangzeb was intolerant of any other religion other than his own and he executed many non-Muslims just because they did not agree to convert to Islam.[5] This event can also be seen in this light. Santaji Ghorpade attacked Burhanpur and Khandesh subha to force Aurangzeb to deploy more forces in Khandesh. This act by Santaji relived some pressure of Mughal armies from Karnataka and Maratha swarajya. The city was taken by Peshwa Bajirao during his reign to Malwa and Delhi. Maratha army under Sadashivrao Bhau who defeated the Nizam of Hyderabad and took control of the town. In 1761 the Marath army marched for Third Battle Of Panipat from the city. At the down fall of Marathe Empire city went to Maratha Sardar Holkar, Scindia, and then finally 1818 handed over to British by Marathas.[6]


Burhanpur is situated in the southwestern border of Madhya Pradesh near the banks of Tapti River.


As of 2011 India census,[7] Burhanpur has a population of 210891. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Burhanpur has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 69% and female literacy of 57%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religious places[edit]

Dargah -e-Hakimi garden

The City Burhanpur is famous for its Muslim monuments,Gurudwara of Sikh Religion, Dargah-e-Hakimi of Dawoodi Bohra sect. Dargah-e-Hakimi is built in the memory of Saiyyadi Abdul Qadir Hakimuddin. Thousands of pilgrims of Bohra sect visit the place from all over the world.[8]


Burhanpur is best known for textile industries. It is the largest hub for Power Loom industry in the state. Also, having one NTC (National Textile Corporation) project 'Tapti Mills' and one private owned spinning mill latest state-of-the-art technology. 30-35 textile companies like "Kamal Processors Pvt. Ltd" and "Ambey Process" and many more, are best known for interlining cloth, Grey Markin, Bleached Dhoti, Cambric, Power loom Cloth bakram and other types of fabric. 'Texmpo Pipes' is the NSE noted industry, Balaji industry both manufactures pipes and agriculture equipment. Several cotton and oil mills are also there. Apart from this, it is largest producer of Banana in Madhya pradesh. It also has largest paper mill in Madhya pradesh situated in industrial area of Burhanpur i.e. Nepanagar. It also has a Huge market of Unani Medicines.


The main institutes are mentioned below.

  • Adarsh Vidhya Peeth Higher Secondary School
  • Subhash Exellence School
  • Burhanpur Public School
  • Saraswati Shishu Mandir school
  • Brijmohan Mishra Institute of Medical & Technical Science [BIMTS]
  • St. Theresa's High School.
  • Seva Sadan Mahavidyalaya.
  • Pdt. Shivnath Shastri Govt Ayurved Mahavidyalaya.
  • Saifiya Hamidiya Unani Tibia Mahavidyalaya.
  • Guru Gobind Singh Dental College.
  • Maulana Azad Institute Of Professional Studies.
  • Dr. Zakir Hussain Degree College.
  • S.G.J.Quaderia College.
  • Jija Mata Govt Women's Polytechnic College.
  • Sri Sai Baba Mahavidhalaya.
  • Thakur Shivkumar Singh Memorial Engineering College.
  • Millenium B.Ed. College
  • Macro Vision Academy
  • Nehru Montessori Senior Secondary School
  • Patel Ratilal Boriwariwala Higher Secondary School.
  • New Vision H. S. School, Burhanpur
  • K.M.Patel Higher Secondary School


  1. ^ Shyam, Radhey (1981), The Kingdom of Khandesh, Delhi:Idarah-i-Adabiyat-i-Delli, p.21
  2. ^ http://www.travelindia-guide.com/tour.../burhanpur-monuments.aspx
  3. ^ a b John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire, (Cambridge University Press, 1995), 218.
  4. ^ John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire, (Cambridge University Press, 1995), 223.
  5. ^ Goel, Sita Ram. The Story of Islamic Imperialism. New Delhi: 2002, p. 58.
  6. ^ Jaswant Lal Mehta (1 January 2005). Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–. ISBN 978-1-932705-54-6. Retrieved 2 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  8. ^ http://www.khandwa.nic.in/burhanpur/burhanpur.htm

External links[edit]