Shahi qila on the bank of Tapti river
|Nickname(s): Gate Way Of Deccan/Dkkhan Ka Darwaja|
|• Mayor||Mr.Anil Bhosle|
|• Total||181.06 km2 (69.91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||247 m (810 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||(+91) 7325|
Burhanpur is a mid-size city in Madhya Pradesh state, India. It is the administrative seat of Burhanpur District. It is situated on the north bank of the Tapti River, 340 kilometres (211 mi) southwest of Bhopal and 540 kilometres (336 mi) northeast of Mumbai. The city has a Municipal Corporation, and also is one of the district headquarters of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
A Y-class city, Burhanpur was an important city under Rashtrakuta Dynasty during 753–982. During excavations in Tapti River & Asirgarh Fort many coins, goddess idols and temples discovered which belongs to prehistoric era. But, Burhanpur got its name and fame during medieval time.
In 1388, Malik Nasir Khan, the Faruqi dynasty Sultan of Khandesh discovered Burhanpur, at the behest of Shaikh Zainuddin and renamed it after a well known medieval sufi saint, Burhan-ud-Din. Burhanpur became the capital of the Khandesh sultanate. Later, Miran Adil Khan II (reigned 1457–1501), another sultan of this dynasty built a citadel and a number of palaces in Burhanpur. During his long reign, Burhanpur was transformed to a major centre for trade and textile production. In 1601, Mughal emperor Akbar annexed the Khandesh sultanate and Burhanpur became the capital of Khandesh Subah of the Mughal empire. In 1609 Jahangir appointed his second son Parviz to the governorship of the Mughal provinces of the Deccan, and the prince chose Burhanpur as his headquarters as his residence.
It is a beautiful city with a lot of historical monuments existing in its expanse, primarily from the ruling times of Shah Jahan, the great Mughal emperor. Burhanpur was an important outpost of the Mughals. Shah Jahan spent a considerable time in this city, and helped add to the Shahi Qila. The Shahi Qila is one majestic palace in Burhanpur, located to the east of the Tapti River. Diwan-i-Aam and Diwan-i-Khas were built on the terrace of the Qila. Little of it remains today as the Qila is mostly in ruins now. However, the parts of the Palace that still stands displays amazing works of sculpture and exquisite carvings. The main attraction at the palace is the hamam or the royal bath. It was specifically built for Shah Jahan's wife, Begum Mumtaz Mahal, so that she could enjoy a luxurious bath. It is said that she died here giving birth to her fourteenth child. Even today, the ceiling has many intricate paintings. One of these paintings depicts a monument which is said to have been the inspiration for the Taj Mahal.
Under the Marathas
In 1681, Burhanpur was raided by Sambhaji, In this campaign he was joined by his general Hambirrao Mohite.
Santaji Ghorpade attacked Burhanpur and Khandesh subha to force Aurangzeb to deploy more forces in Khandesh. This act by Santaji relived some pressure of Mughal armies from Karnataka and Maratha swarajya.
The city was taken by Peshwa Bajirao during his reign to Malwa and Delhi. Maratha army under Sadashivrao Bhau who defeated the Nizam of Hyderabad and took control of the town. In 1761 the Marath army marched for Third Battle Of Panipat from the city.
At the down fall of Marathe Empire city went to Maratha Sardar Holkar, Scindia, and then finally 1818 handed over to British by Marathas.
Recent Political History
Since independence, Burhanpur has been represented in the state and national assemblies by different political parties. In the last twenty years, it has been reprensented by independent candidates, Indian National Congress, Bhartiya Janata Party, and Nationalist Congress Party. Current Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) is Archana Chitnis (BJP), prior to her Hamid Kazi was elected MLA from Nationalist Congress Party. Prior to him in 1999, Manjushree Thakur (female) was elected MLA representing Indian National Congress. In 1998, her father Late Shiv Kumar Thakur fought elections. Shiv Kumar Thakur had also represented Burhanpur as a member of parliament in 1985. However, in the 1998 state assembly elections, Shiv Kumar Thakur tried hard to get an Indian National Congress ticket but was denied because of internal politics of Indian National Congress. He become a rebel and fought elections on his own. In keenly fought 1998 elections, Indian National Congress and Bhartiya Janata Party candidates cut into each others' votes and Shiv Kumar won unexpectedly as an independent candidate by a narrow margin. However when the results were declared, he suddenly died. His death was considered a conspiracy by many, though officially the cause of death was claimed to be heart failure. The actual cause of death could not be established because his family members did not consent for post mortem examination. Because of his death, government declared the elections to be held again. His daughter Manjushree Thakur, immediately after his death, approached Indian National Congress President Sonia Gandhi. She is said to have apologized for her father's rebellious behavior and sought Congress ticket to fight the re-elections required due to her father's sudden death. Manjushree rode the sympathy wave to win the elections by record margin in 1999. Being a thirty five year old married and responsible woman just entering politics, people had great expectations from her. She however could not deliver the promises. No development projects were initiated, even the ongoing projects either got delayed or canceled. And while the common man was suffering on the streets of Burhanpur, she went for vacation to spend time in many countries of Europe on Tax payer's money. But, in spite of widespread dissatisfaction, she was able to secure Indian National Congress ticket to fight the 2003 general elections. The Indian National Congress President Sonia Gandhi also addressed rally in Burhanpur since the party had information that Burhanpur seat was a weak one because of the past track record of the sitting MLA. Though she was able to get all government support because of the rule of Indian National Congress in the state, however she did not get any support from within her own family, even one of her uncles fought against her in elections. Also Manjushree Thakur did not get the benefit of sympathy vote she got earlier. Consequently, she lost elections in 2003 terribly and could come only third in the tally though she was able to save the deposit from being forfeited. The 2008 elections revealed the new twists and turns in the political history of Burhanpur. Archana Chinits from Bhartiya Janata Party won and is now believed to bring about the change promised. Her victory is remarkable in many ways. Burhapur has been a stronghold of Congress, but in recent elections, Congress could not even find one candidate to fight elections for them. The bohra / Muslim community traditionally strong supporter of Congress is now voting BJP to power. In one decade, there has been a complete turnaround in the Burhanpur's mandate.
Burhanpur is situated in the southwestern border of Madhya Pradesh near the banks of Tapti River.
As of 2011[update] India census, Burhanpur has a population of 210891. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Burhanpur has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 69% and female literacy of 57%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
City has the 60% Hindu, 35% Muslim and 5% Others population. Out of total Hindu population, more than 70% population is Maratha, 20% Gujrathi/Baniya, 5% Sindhi and remaining 5% Others.
Burhanpur is best known for textile industries. It is the largest hub for Power Loom industry in the state. Also, having one NTC (National Textile Corporation) project 'Tapti Mills' and one private owned spinning mill latest state-of-the-art technology. 30-35 textile companies like "Kamal Processors Pvt. Ltd" and "Ambey Process" and many more, are best known for interlining cloth, Grey Markin, Bleached Dhoti, Cambric, Power loom Cloth bakram and other types of fabric. 'Texmpo Pipes' is the NSE noted industry, Balaji industry both manufactures pipes and agriculture equipment. Several cotton and oil mills are also there.
Apart from this, it is largest producer of Banana in Madhya pradesh.
The main institutes are mentioned below.
- Adarsh Vidhya Peeth Higher Secondary School
- Subhash Exellence School
- Burhanpur Public School
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir school
- Brijmohan Mishra Institute of Medical & Technical Science [BIMTS]
- St. Theresa's High School.
- Seva Sadan Mahavidyalaya.
- Pdt. Shivnath Shastri Govt Ayurved Mahavidyalaya.
- Saifiya Hamidiya Unani Tibia Mahavidyalaya.
- Guru Gobind Singh Dental College.
- Maulana Azad Institute Of Professional Studies.
- Dr. Zakir Hussain Degree College.
- S.G.J.Quaderia College.
- Jija Mata Govt Women's Polytechnic College.
- Sri Sai Baba Mahavidhalaya.
- Thakur Shivkumar Singh Memorial Engineering College.
- Millenium B.Ed. College
- VAIDIK VIDHYA PEETH H. S. SCHOOL
- SHRI GANESH H. S. SCHOOL
- Macro Vision Academy
- Nehru Montessori Senior Secondary School
- Patel Ratilal Boriwariwala Higher Secondary School.
- New Vision H. S. School, Burhanpur
- K.M.Patel Higher Secondary School
- Shyam, Radhey (1981), The Kingdom of Khandesh, Delhi:Idarah-i-Adabiyat-i-Delli, p.21
- Jaswant Lal Mehta (1 January 2005). Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–. ISBN 978-1-932705-54-6. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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