Buriram Province

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Buriram

บุรีรัมย์
Phanom Rung Historical Park
Flag of Buriram
Flag
Official seal of Buriram
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Buriram Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Buriram Province
CountryThailand
CapitalBuriram
Government
 • GovernorAnuson Kaeokangwan (since October 2016)
Area
 • Total10,322 km2 (3,985 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 17th
Population
 (2018)[2]
 • Total1,594,850
 • RankRanked 6th
 • Density155/km2 (400/sq mi)
 • Density rankRanked 27th
Human Achievement Index
 • HAI (2017)0.5265 "low"
Ranked 70th
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
31xxx
Calling code044
ISO 3166 codeTH-31
Vehicle registrationบุรีรัมย์
Websitewww.buriram.go.th

Buriram Province (Thai: จังหวัดบุรีรัมย์, RTGSChangwat Buri Ram, pronounced [t͡ɕāŋ.wàt bū.rīː rām]; Northern Khmer: มืฺงแปะ, pronounced [mɤːŋ.pɛʔ]), is one of the northeastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Sa Kaeo, Nakhon Ratchasima, Khon Kaen, Maha Sarakham, and Surin. To the southeast it borders Oddar Meancheay of Cambodia. The name "Buriram" means 'city of happiness'.

Geography[edit]

Romburi Park (Thai: สวนรมย์บุรี), Buriram

Buriram is at the south end of the Khorat Plateau, with several extinct volcanoes around the province. The southern limit of the province is a mountainous area at the limit between the Sankamphaeng Range and the Dângrêk Mountains.

History[edit]

Buriram City Pillar is similar to Prasat Phnom Rung.

About a thousand years ago, the area that makes up today's Buriram Province was under the Khmer Empire and many ruins remain from that time. The largest, standing on an extinct volcano, is in the Phanom Rung Historical Park. According to an inscription found there, its local ruler recognised the authority of the Khmer king. However, the area was remote and sparsely populated, and little is recorded about it until the Rattanakosin Kingdom. In the early-19th century, Muang Pae, the largest town, acknowledged Thai sovereignty and was renamed Buriram. Following administrative reforms in the late-19th century, Buriram was formally incorporated into Thailand as a province with its own governor.

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Aside from important religious days, Songkran Day and New Year's Day, Buriram also has other local festivals such as the festival of the 5th lunar month[4] when the locals make merit, bathe Buddha images and the aged, play traditional sports such as Saba and tug of war. In some areas like Phutthaisong District, there is the Bang Fai traditional rocket dance, Khao Phansa, at the beginning of Buddhist Lent and Loi Krathong.

Demographics[edit]

Buriram is one of the northeastern provinces with a sizable northern Khmer population. The Isan language is spoken by most, but according to the most recent census 27.6% of the population also speak northern Khmer in everyday life.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal
Buriram New Provincial Office

The provincial seal depicts Phanom Rung temple, a Khmer-style Hindu shrine dedicated to Shiva. It was in use from the 9th through the 12th centuries, when the Khmer Empire's control of the region was ended by the Thais of Ayutthaya Kingdom. The ruins are now preserved in a historical park.

The provincial flower is the yellow cotton tree (Cochlospermum regium). The provincial tree is the pink shower (Cassia grandis).

The province's motto is "the city of sandstone sanctuaries, land of volcanoes, beautiful silk, rich culture and the best city of sport".

Administrative divisions[edit]

Buriram with 23 districts

The province is divided into 23 districts (amphoes). The districts are further subdivided into 189 sub-districts (tambons) and 2,212 villages (mubans).

  1. Mueang Buriram
  2. Khu Mueang
  3. Krasang
  4. Nang Rong
  5. Nong Ki
  6. Lahan Sai
  7. Prakhon Chai
  8. Ban Kruat
  9. Phutthaisong
  10. Lam Plai Mat
  11. Satuek
  12. Pakham
  1. Na Pho
  2. Nong Hong
  3. Phlapphla Chai
  4. Huai Rat
  5. Non Suwan
  6. Chamni
  7. Ban Mai Chaiyaphot
  8. Non Din Daeng
  9. Ban Dan
  10. Khaen Dong
  11. Chaloem Phra Kiat

Transport[edit]

Airports[edit]

Buriram Airport is the only airport in Buriram Province. Two airlines, Nok Air and Thai AirAsia, serve Buriram from Don Mueang International Airport (DMK).

Station hall in Buriram Railway Station

Highways[edit]

Intercity transit[edit]

State Railway of Thailand (SRT), the national passenger rail system, provides service to Buriram at the Buriram Railway Station. SRT provides many services such as limited express trains to Bangkok and Ubon Ratchathani, commuter trains to Nakhon Ratchasima and beyond.

The Transport Co., Ltd. operates a bus depot at Buriram Bus Station, and Nakhonchai Air has its bus station adjacent.

Public transit[edit]

The Buriram Songthaew System (BSS) provides public transportation for the city. BSS was established many years ago. There are two lines: Line 1 (Buriram Municipality Market-Khao Kradong Forest Park Line), and Line 2 (Ban Bua Line). Both lines are colored pink.

Health[edit]

Buriram's main hospital is Buriram Hospital operated by the Ministry of Public Health.

Sports[edit]

Buriram promotes itself as a city of sport[5]. Buriram United is the most successful football team in Thailand after sweeping all before them by winning the league, the FA Cup, the League Cup, and AFC Champions League quarter-finalist.[citation needed] Buriram United play home games at Chang Arena, the largest club-owned football stadium in Thailand.[6]

A FIA Grade 1 and FIM Grade A racing circuit, Chang International Circuit, is near Chang Arena.

Human achievement index 2017[edit]

Index for the province Buriram[3]
HAI indices Map Index Rank list
Health 2 0.4751 64th
Education 3 0.3378 56th
Employment 4 0.5953 43rd
Income 5 0.3474 71st
Housing and environment 6 0.9454 16th
Family and community life 7 0.5693 54th
Transport and communication 8 0.4324 66th
Participation 9 0.5093 57th
HAI 2017 1 0.5265 70th


Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.[3]
Province Buriram, with an HAI 2017 value of 0.5265, takes the 70th place in the rankings. This is "low" between the values of 0.4637 and 0.5637.



Notable people[edit]

Lalisa Manoban is a Thai rapper, she was born in Satuek district and she is well known as a member of Blackpink

Born in Buriram[edit]

  • Lalisa Manoban (Thai:ลลิษา มโนบาล) (born 1997), singer, dancer and rapper
  • Chatchu-on Moksri (Thai:ชัชชุอร โมกศรี) (born 1999), volleyball player
  • Newin Chidchob (Thai:เนวิน ชิดชอบ) (born 1958), politician, chairman of Buriram United

Notes[edit]

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Advancing Human Development through the ASEAN Community, Thailand Human Development Report 2014, table 0:Basic Data (PDF) (Report). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Thailand. pp. 134–135. ISBN 978-974-680-368-7. Retrieved 17 January 2016, Data has been supplied by Land Development Department, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, at Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "ร่ยงานสถิติจำนวนประชากรและบ้านประจำปี พ.ศ.2561" [Statistics, population and house statistics for the year 2018]. Registration Office Department of the Interior, Ministry of the Interior. stat.bora.dopa.go.th (in Thai). 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c ดัชนีความก้าวหน้าของคน ปี2560 [Human Achievement Index - HAI year 2017] (PDF). social.nesdb.go.th (Report) (in Thai). National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB). 2017. pp. 100–101. ISBN 978-974-9769-33-1. Retrieved 14 September 2019, Maps 1-9
  4. ^ "Gregorian-Lunar Calendar Conversion Table". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  5. ^ "บุรีรัมย์โมเดล ต้นแบบการสร้างเมืองใหม่".
  6. ^ "'บุรีรัมย์'กร้าวป้อง5แชมป์-ยึดท็อป5เอเชีย". Archived from the original on 2017-08-03. Retrieved 2017-08-03.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°59′39″N 103°6′8″E / 14.99417°N 103.10222°E / 14.99417; 103.10222