Buriram Province

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Buriram
บุรีรัมย์
Province
Phanom Rung historical park
Official seal of Buriram
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Buriram Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Buriram Province
Country  Thailand
Capital Buriram
Government
 • Governor Seri Sihatrai (since 2014)
Area
 • Total 10,322.9 km2 (3,985.7 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 17th
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,579,248[1]
 • Rank Ranked 5th
 • Density rank Ranked 27th
HDI
 • HDI (2009) 0.729 (medium) (45th)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Area code(s) 044
ISO 3166 code TH-31
Vehicle registration บุรีรัมย์

Buriram (Thai: บุรีรัมย์, rtgsBuri Ram, pronounced [bū.rīː rām]) is one of the northeastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from south clockwise) Sa Kaeo, Nakhon Ratchasima, Khon Kaen, Maha Sarakham, and Surin. To the southeast it borders Oddar Meancheay of Cambodia. The name Buriram means city of happiness.

Geography[edit]

Romburi Park (Thai: สวนรมย์บุรี) in the town of Buriram

Buriram is at the south end of the Khorat Plateau, with several extinct volcanoes around the province. The southern limit of the province is a mountainous area at the limit between the Sankamphaeng Range and the Dângrêk Mountains.

History[edit]

Buriram City Pillar is similar to Prasat Phnom Rung.

About a thousand years ago, the area that makes up today's Buriram Province was under the Khmer Empire and many ruins remain from that time. The largest, standing on an extinct volcano, is in the Phanom Rung historical park. According to an inscription found there, its local ruler recognised the authority of the Khmer king. However, the area was remote and sparsely populated, and little is recorded about it until it the Bangkok Period of Thai history. In the early nineteenth century, Muang Pae, the largest town, acknowledged Thai sovereignty and was renamed Buriram. Following administrative reforms in the late nineteenth century, Buriram was formally incorporated into Thailand as a province with its own governor.

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Aside from important religious days, Songkran Day and New Year's Day, Buriram also has other local festivals such as the festival of the 5th lunar month ( someone please tell the western world when the fifth lunar month occurs. I see the same paragraph in many travel descriptions.) when the locals make merit, bathe Buddha images and senior people, perform traditional sports such as Saba and tug of war. In some areas like Amphoe Phutthaisong, there is the Bang Fai traditional rocket dance, Khao Phansa, at the beginning of Buddhist Lent and Loy Krathong.

Mun River is the place for Buriram Long Boat Races.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Buriram
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 35.7
(96.3)
36.0
(96.8)
38.0
(100.4)
39.0
(102.2)
40.0
(104)
37.0
(98.6)
37.0
(98.6)
36.6
(97.9)
36.1
(97)
35.0
(95)
34.8
(94.6)
32.0
(89.6)
36.43
(97.58)
Average low °C (°F) 11.7
(53.1)
14.8
(58.6)
19.2
(66.6)
22.5
(72.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
23.0
(73.4)
23.1
(73.6)
20.5
(68.9)
16.5
(61.7)
13.0
(55.4)
19.52
(67.14)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
52.5
(2.067)
42.8
(1.685)
37.0
(1.457)
87.9
(3.461)
186.8
(7.354)
67.6
(2.661)
243.5
(9.587)
289.0
(11.378)
121.5
(4.783)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1,128.6
(44.433)
Source: http://www.buriram.go.th/

Demographics[edit]

A commune near Buriram General Hospital

Buriram is one of the northeastern provinces with a sizable Northern Khmer population. Lao is spoken by most, but according to the most recent census 27.6% of the population also speak Northern Khmer in their everyday life.

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal

The provincial seal depicts Phanom Rung temple, an impressive Khmer-style Hindu shrine dedicated to Shiva. It was in use from the 9th through the 12th centuries, when the Khmer Empire's control of the region was ended by the Thais of Ayutthaya kingdom. The ruins are now preserved in a historical park.

The provincial flower is the Yellow Cotton Tree (Cochlospermum regium). The provincial tree is the Pink Shower (Cassia grandis).

The province's motto is the city of sandstone sanctuaries, land of volcanoes, beautiful silk, and rich culture.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Amphoe

The province is subdivided into 23 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 189 subdistricts (tambon) and 2212 villages (muban).

Sports[edit]

The local Buriram United is currently the most successful football team in Thailand after sweeping all before them last season by winning the league, the FA Cup, the League Cup and reaching the last eight of the Asian Champions League.

A racing circuit, Buriram United International Circuit, is near the already impressive New I-Mobile Stadium situated just outside town.

Politics[edit]

Senators[edit]

  • Karoon Sai-ngam (Thai:การุณ ใสงาม)
  • Porn Penpas (Thai:พร เพ็ญพาส)
  • Permpoon Thongsri (Thai:เพิ่มพูน ทองศรี)
  • Surapong Painual (Thai:สุรพงศ์ ไผ่นวล)
  • Oudsanee Chidchob (Thai:อุษณีย์ ชิดชอบ)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand (in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015. 

External links[edit]

Farang Community Forum: http://www.buriramexpats.com/forum/

Coordinates: 14°59′39″N 103°6′8″E / 14.99417°N 103.10222°E / 14.99417; 103.10222